Department of Transportation (121 - 130 of 1,938 items)
Federal Grants: Agencies Performed Internal Control Assessments Consistent with Guidance and Are Addressing Internal Control Deficiencies
GAO-14-539: Published: Jul 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2014.
For fiscal year 2012, the processes used by the five largest grant-making agencies to conduct their internal control assessments were consistent with the requirements of Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular No. A-123, which requires that agencies identify significant areas within their operations in which to implement key controls, continuously monitor and test those controls, and report...
Aviation Safety: FAA's Efforts to Implement Recommendations to Improve Certification and Regulatory Consistency Face Some Challenges
GAO-14-728T: Published: Jul 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 2014.
The Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) Aircraft Certification Service (Aircraft Certification) is responsible for addressing the certification and approval process recommendations, and has made progress. Aircraft Certification is implementing and has set milestones for completing 14 initiatives, several of which were originally begun as part of earlier certification process improvement effort...
Aviation Safety: Additional Oversight Planning by FAA Could Enhance Safety Risk Management
GAO-14-516: Published: Jun 25, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2014.
The Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) Air Traffic Organization completed Safety Management System (SMS) implementation in 2010, and five other FAA organizations are implementing it now. SMS is an approach to collect and analyze safety data to identify hazards, manage risks, and take corrective action before an accident occurs. FAA's implementation activities include developing internal SMS g...
Traffic Safety: Alcohol Ignition Interlocks Are Effective While Installed; Less Is Known about How to Increase Installation Rates
GAO-14-559: Published: Jun 20, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2014.
Research GAO reviewed consistently indicated that when installed ignition “interlocks”—devices that prevent drivers from starting their cars if they have been drinking alcohol—effectively reduce the rate of re-arrest for driving while intoxicated (DWI) when installed. But once the devices are removed, DWI re-arrest rates return to pre-interlock rates. (Most studies use DWI arrest as a prox...
Public Transportation: Federal Role Key to Rural and Tribal Transit
GAO-14-589: Published: Jun 24, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 2014.
The Federal Transit Administration's (FTA) Formula Grants for Rural Areas Program (rural transit program) is FTA's only dedicated grant program for rural and tribal transit. FTA apportions nearly all program funds to states. State transportation agencies then allocate funding to rural and tribal transit providers as sub-grantees. The remainder of program funds—$30 million annually—supports the...
Airport Funding: Aviation Industry Changes Affect Airport Development Costs and Financing
GAO-14-658T: Published: Jun 18, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 2014.
Since 2007, economic pressures—including high fuel prices, the financial crisis, and the ensuing recession of 2007–2009—contributed to airline restructuring which has resulted in reductions in the number of commercial flights at airports, especially at medium- and smaller-sized airports. General aviation activity, which includes all forms of aviation except commercial and military, has also...
Airline Competition: The Average Number of Competitors in Markets Serving the Majority of Passengers Has Changed Little in Recent Years, but Stakeholders Voice Concerns about Competition
GAO-14-515: Published: Jun 11, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 11, 2014.
The U.S. passenger airline industry has returned to profitability following the recent economic recession. From 2007 through 2012, the industry generated approximately $21.7 billion in operating profits despite losing about $5.6 billion in 2008. U.S. airlines maintained approximately $13 billion in cash reserves in 2012. Growth in revenue has driven industry profits, aided by increased passenger t...
Public Transit: Length of Development Process, Cost Estimates, and Ridership Forecasts for Capital-Investment Grant Projects
GAO-14-472: Published: May 30, 2014. Publicly Released: May 30, 2014.
For the 32 New Starts, Small Starts, and Very Small Starts projects funded from 2005 to 2013 that GAO reviewed, the length of the development process varied substantially, from as little as 2 to as long as 14 years, based on GAO's analysis of data from the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) and project-sponsors. GAO found that the development process took 3 to 14 years to complete for New Starts...
Emergency Transportation Relief: Agencies Could Improve Collaboration Begun during Hurricane Sandy Response
GAO-14-512: Published: May 28, 2014. Publicly Released: May 28, 2014.
The Department of Transportation (DOT) is in the process of allocating, obligating, and disbursing the $13 billion appropriated by the Disaster Relief Appropriations Act, 2013 (DRAA) for surface transportation relief. Most of the DRAA surface transportation funds—over $10 billion—were appropriated to the Federal Transit Administration's (FTA) new Public Transportation Emergency Relief Program...
Surface Transportation: Actions Needed to Improve Documentation of Key Decisions in the TIGER Discretionary Grant Program
GAO-14-628R: Published: May 28, 2014. Publicly Released: May 28, 2014.
The Department of Transportation (DOT) did not document key decisions made in evaluating grant applications and selecting projects during the fifth round of the Transportation Investment Generating Economic Recovery (TIGER) discretionary grant program, and deviated from DOT’s established procedures and recognized internal control practices. Specifically, DOT did not document key decisions to (1)...