Department of Transportation (81 - 90 of 1,934 items)
Aviation Safety: Proposals to Enhance Aircraft Tracking and Flight Data Recovery May Aid Accident Investigation, but Challenges Remain
GAO-15-443: Published: Apr 16, 2015. Publicly Released: May 18, 2015.
The crash of Air France Flight 447 (AF447) off the coast of Brazil in June 2009 and the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 (MH370) in the southern Indian Ocean in March 2014 highlight several challenges authorities may face in locating aircraft in distress and recovering flight recorders. First, oceanic surveillance is limited, and an aircraft's position may not be precisely known. For...
Airport Funding: Changes in Aviation Activity Are Reflected in Reduced Capacity Concerns
GAO-15-498T: Published: Apr 23, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 23, 2015.
Economic factors, since 2007, have led to fewer scheduled commercial flights, a trend more pronounced for some types of airports. These economic factors include not just the volatile fuel prices and the 2007 to 2009 recession but also evolving airline practices, such as airline mergers and the adoption of business models that demonstrate capacity management. For example, as GAO reported in June 20...
Aviation Certification: Issues Related to Domestic and Foreign Approval of U.S. Aviation Products
GAO-15-550T: Published: Apr 21, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 21, 2015.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has made progress in addressing the Certification Process and the Regulatory Consistency Committees' recommendations, but as GAO reported in January 2015, challenges remain that could affect successful implementation of FAA's planned actions.FAA is implementing 14 initiatives for addressing 6 certification process recommendations. According to an April 201...
Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs a More Comprehensive Approach to Address Cybersecurity As Agency Transitions to NextGen
GAO-15-370: Published: Apr 14, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 14, 2015.
As the agency transitions to the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) faces cybersecurity challenges in at least three areas: (1) protecting air-traffic control (ATC) information systems, (2) protecting aircraft avionics used to operate and guide aircraft, and (3) clarifying cybersecurity roles and responsibilities among multiple FAA office...
Unmanned Aerial Systems: Status of Test Sites and International Developments
GAO-15-486T: Published: Mar 24, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 2015.
Since becoming operational in 2014, the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) unmanned aerial systems (UAS) test sites have conducted over 195 flights across five of the six test sites. These flights provide operations and safety data that FAA can use in support of integrating UAS into the national airspace. FAA has not provided funding to the test sites in support of research and development ac...
Municipalities in Fiscal Crisis: Federal Agencies Monitored Grants and Assisted Grantees, but More Could Be Done to Share Lessons Learned
GAO-15-222: Published: Mar 20, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 20, 2015.
Grant management challenges experienced by municipalities in fiscal crisis. The diminished capacity of selected municipalities in fiscal crisis hindered their ability to manage federal grants in several ways. First, reductions in human capital capacity through the loss of staff greatly reduced the ability of some cities to carry out grant compliance and oversight responsibilities. Second, the loss...
Auto Safety: Status of NHTSA's Redesign of Its Crashworthiness Data System
GAO-15-334: Published: Mar 6, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 2015.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) followed a reasonable process for redesigning the National Automotive Sampling System Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS), which is a nationally representative sample of police-reported motor-vehicle traffic crashes. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has standards and guidelines that specify the professional principles and pract...
Motor Carrier Safety: Improvements to Data-Driven Oversight Could Better Target High Risk Carriers
GAO-15-433T: Published: Mar 4, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 4, 2015.
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) has taken steps toward better oversight of motor carriers by establishing the Compliance, Safety, Accountability (CSA) and chameleon carrier vetting programs; however, FMCSA could improve its oversight to better target high risk carriers. The CSA program oversees carriers' safety performance through roadside inspections and crash investigatio...
Information Security: FAA Needs to Address Weaknesses in Air Traffic Control Systems
GAO-15-221: Published: Jan 29, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 2, 2015.
While the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has taken steps to protect its air traffic control systems from cyber-based and other threats, significant security control weaknesses remain, threatening the agency's ability to ensure the safe and uninterrupted operation of the national airspace system (NAS). These include weaknesses in controls intended to prevent, limit, and detect unauthorized a...
Federal Aviation Administration: Improved Tracking of Results Needed to Provide Confidence in Benefits of Streamlining Activities
GAO-15-247: Published: Jan 27, 2015. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 2015.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) used a decentralized process to track the status of streamlining and reform initiatives identified in response to the Section 812 mandate in the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012. FAA's actions to implement the initiatives were mostly consistent with three key practices for organizational transformations but were less consistent with the key practic...