Department of Transportation (41 - 50 of 1,934 items)
Commercial Space: Industry Developments and FAA Challenges
GAO-16-765T: Published: Jun 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 22, 2016.
In 2015, GAO reported that during the last decade, U.S. commercial space launch companies conducted fewer orbital launches in total than companies in Russia or Europe, which are among their main foreign competitors. However, the U.S. commercial space launch industry has expanded recently. In 2015, U.S. companies conducted eight orbital launches, compared with none in 2011. In addition, in 2015, U...
Intelligent Transportation Systems: Urban and Rural Transit Providers Reported Benefits but Face Deployment Challenges
GAO-16-638: Published: Jun 21, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 21, 2016.
Selected large and medium urban transit providers have deployed most Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) technologies, such as automatic vehicle location (AVL) and electronic fare payment. Most of these providers reported sharing data collected from ITS with the public or regional transportation providers to enable technology innovations and improve regional planning. Large and medium urban t...
Rail Grant Oversight: Greater Adherence to Leading Practices Needed to Improve Grants Management
GAO-16-544: Published: May 26, 2016. Publicly Released: May 26, 2016.
The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) initially used a regional oversight and monitoring approach outlined in its Grants Management Manual (Grants Manual) to manage the grants funding the section 305 equipment procurement projects, but in the face of challenges that approach evolved to include additional project-level oversight. When FRA began awarding the grants for the section 305 equipmen...
Information Technology: Federal Agencies Need to Address Aging Legacy Systems
GAO-16-468: Published: May 25, 2016. Publicly Released: May 25, 2016.
The federal government spent about 75 percent of the total amount budgeted for information technology (IT) for fiscal year 2015 on operations and maintenance (O&M) investments. Such spending has increased over the past 7 fiscal years, which has resulted in a $7.3 billion decline from fiscal years 2010 to 2017 in development, modernization, and enhancement activities.Total Federal IT Spending by Ty...
Revolving Funds: Additional Pricing and Performance Information for FAA and Treasury Funds Could Enhance Agency Decisions on Shared Services
GAO-16-477: Published: May 10, 2016. Publicly Released: May 10, 2016.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the Department of the Treasury (Treasury) have policies and procedures for effectively managing the Administrative Services Franchise Fund (ASFF) and the Treasury Franchise Fund (TFF)—the two revolving funds that GAO reviewed.FAA and Treasury Management of the Selected FundsClear roles and responsibilities The roles and responsibilities for managing...
Public Transit: Observations on Recent Changes to the Capital Investment Grant Program
GAO-16-495: Published: Apr 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 28, 2016.
The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) has implemented most of the key changes the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Act (MAP-21) made to the Capital Investment Grant program, which helps fund investments in new public transit systems or extensions to existing systems. Projects funded under this program fall into different categories, depending on the total project's cost and the amount of f...
Vehicle Cybersecurity: DOT and Industry Have Efforts Under Way, but DOT Needs to Define Its Role in Responding to a Real-world Attack
GAO-16-350: Published: Mar 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 2016.
Modern vehicles contain multiple interfaces—connections between the vehicle and external networks—that leave vehicle systems, including safety-critical systems, such as braking and steering, vulnerable to cyberattacks. Researchers have shown that these interfaces—if not properly secured—can be exploited through direct, physical access to a vehicle, as well as remotely through short-range a...
2014 Sequestration: Opportunities Exist to Improve Transparency of Progress Toward Deficit Reduction Goals
GAO-16-263: Published: Apr 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 14, 2016.
GAO found that in fiscal year 2014, total mandatory budget authority government-wide was approximately $2.9 trillion spread across roughly 443 accounts. The Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (BBEDCA), as amended, required the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to apply a range of sequestration rates to non-exempt mandatory spending. This resulted in estimated reductions...
KC-46 Tanker Aircraft: Challenging Testing and Delivery Schedules Lie Ahead
GAO-16-346: Published: Apr 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 8, 2016.
KC-46 tanker aircraft acquisition cost estimates have decreased for a third consecutive year and the prime contractor, Boeing, is expected to achieve all the performance goals, such as those for air refueling and airlift capability. As the table below shows, the total acquisition cost estimate has decreased from $51.7 billion in February 2011 to $48.2 billion in December 2015, about 7 percent, due...
Vehicle Safety: Enhanced Project Management of New Information Technology Could Help Improve NHTSA's Oversight of Safety Defects
GAO-16-312: Published: Feb 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 2016.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) faces several challenges in its oversight of vehicle safety defects and has initiated or proposed some actions to address them. Challenges include improving data collection and analysis, providing adequate guidance and standard business processes to the staff who identify and investigate potential vehicle defects, and keeping pace with new...