Federal Bureau of Prisons (1 - 10 of 197 items)
Federal Prison System: Justice Has Used Alternatives to Incarceration, But Could Better Measure Program Outcomes
GAO-16-516: Published: Jun 23, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2016.
Department of Justice (DOJ) and federal judiciary officials reported considering numerous factors when using alternatives to incarceration at or before an offender's sentencing, but DOJ does not reliably track the use of some alternatives. A variety of alternatives can be used for offenders at or before sentencing, such as referral to state and local prosecutors, pretrial release, and probation. O...
Prisoner Operations: United States Marshals Service Could Better Estimate Cost Savings and Monitor Efforts to Increase Efficiencies
GAO-16-472: Published: May 23, 2016. Publicly Released: May 23, 2016.
From fiscal years 2010 through 2015, the U.S. Marshals Service's (USMS) largest prisoner costs were housing payments to state, local, and private prisons. For example, in fiscal year 2015 USMS spent 86 percent of its $1.4 billion in prisoner operation costs on housing. While total prisoner costs and prisoner populations decreased since fiscal year 2012, per prisoner costs increased. USMS officials...
Southeast Asia: Trends in U.S. and Chinese Economic Engagement in Indonesia and Vietnam
GAO-16-186: Published: Oct 29, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 2015.
Indonesia. In 2014, China's imports from, and exports to, Indonesia exceeded the United States' (see figure). The United States and China compete more often with other countries than with each other in goods exported to Indonesia and win contracts in different sectors. In contrast to the United States, which is not involved in a free trade agreement (FTA) with Indonesia, China is a party to a regi...
Southeast Asia: Trends in U.S. and Chinese Economic Engagement
GAO-15-724: Published: Aug 13, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 13, 2015.
View Chinese version of Highlights (PDF, 1 page).What GAO FoundChina has surpassed the United States in goods trade with Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries and trades a similar amount of services, but U.S. investment exceeds reported Chinese investment. China surpassed the United States in goods trade with ASEAN countries in 2007. In 2014, China's total goods trade of $480 bi...
Federal Prison System: Justice Could Better Measure Progress Addressing Incarceration Challenges
GAO-15-454: Published: Jun 19, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 19, 2015.
The Department of Justice (DOJ) has implemented three key initiatives to address the federal incarceration challenges of overcrowding, rising costs, and offender recidivism, which includes the return of offenders to prison after release. The Smart on Crime Initiative involves multiple DOJ components and has five key goals, one of which involves prioritizing the prosecution of the most serious case...
Mental Health: HHS Leadership Needed to Coordinate Federal Efforts Related to Serious Mental Illness
GAO-15-113: Published: Dec 18, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 5, 2015.
Agencies identified 112 federal programs that generally supported individuals with serious mental illness in fiscal year 2013. The majority of these programs addressed broad issues, such as homelessness, that can include individuals with serious mental illness. The programs were spread across eight federal agencies: Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Education, Department of Health and Hum...
Bureau of Prisons: Information on Efforts and Potential Options to Save Costs
GAO-14-821: Published: Sep 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2014.
Correctional services—which includes salaries and benefits for correctional officers—is the Department of Justice's (DOJ) Bureau of Prisons' (BOP) largest operational cost, and BOP has undertaken a number of initiatives to reduce costs. Specifically, on the basis of GAO's analysis of BOP's fiscal year 2013 obligations of approximately $6.6 billion, BOP obligated the largest share—about $3.9...
Bureau of Prisons: Management of New Prison Activations Can Be Improved
GAO-14-709: Published: Aug 22, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2014.
The Department of Justice's (DOJ) Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is behind schedule activating all six new institutions—the process by which it prepares them for inmates—and does not have a policy to guide activation or an activation schedule that reflects best practices. BOP is behind schedule, in part, because of challenges, such as staffing, posed by the locations of the activating institu...
Fish Stock Assessments: Prioritization and Funding
GAO-14-794R: Published: Sep 19, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 2014.
In summary, GAO found that differences exist in the number and frequency of regional fish stock assessments conducted by the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). For example, GAO’s analysis of NMFS data from 2005 through 2013 found that the Alaska Fisheries Science Center conducted 467 fish stock assessments, the Southeast Fisheries Science Center conducted 158 assessments, and the Pacific...
Bureau of Prisons: Opportunities Exist to Enhance the Transparency of Annual Budget Justifications
GAO-14-121: Published: Dec 6, 2013. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 2013.
The largest account in the Department of Justice's (DOJ) Bureau of Prisons (BOP) budget justification--its Salaries and Expenses (S&E) account-- is composed mainly of costs associated with Inmate Care and Programs and Institution Security and Administration, both of which have grown steadily since 2008. This growth is due predominantly to increases in prison populations, which are the primary cost...