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Department of Homeland Security: Important Progress Made, but More Work Remains to Strengthen Management Functions
GAO-17-409T: Published: Feb 16, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 2017.
As GAO reported in its 2017 high-risk update, the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) efforts to strengthen and integrate its management functions have resulted in the department meeting three and partially meeting two of GAO's criteria for removal from the High-Risk List (see table). For example, senior DHS officials demonstrated exemplary leadership commitment by frequently meeting with GAO...
U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Contracting for Transportation and Guard Services for Detainees
GAO-17-89R: Published: Oct 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 17, 2016.
GAO found that the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) manages its current transportation services contract at the headquarters level, primarily through the Contracting Officer’s Representative (COR) and at the sector level, through Task Order Monitors (TOM) who are assigned officials within the U.S. Border Patrol (Border Patrol), a CBP component, in each of the seven southwest border secto...
Federal Air Marshal Service: Additional Actions Needed to Ensure Air Marshals' Mission Readiness
GAO-16-764: Published: Sep 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2016.
The Transportation Security Administration's (TSA) Office of Training and Development (OTD) assesses air marshals' training needs using several information sources, but opportunities exist to obtain more feedback from air marshals on whether the training courses they must take met their needs. OTD primarily assesses air marshals' training needs by holding curriculum development and review conferen...
DHS Management: Enhanced Oversight Could Better Ensure Programs Receiving Fees and Other Collections Use Funds Efficiently
GAO-16-443: Published: Jul 21, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) received $15 billion in fees and other collections across 38 programs in fiscal year 2014 that help fund homeland security functions, such as the screening and inspection of persons and goods entering the United States. Our analysis of DHS collections and cost data showed that 14 of the 38 programs receiving fees and other collections in fiscal year 2014 c...
Immigration Detention: Additional Actions Needed to Strengthen Management and Oversight of Detainee Medical Care
GAO-16-231: Published: Feb 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 29, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) oversees basic on-site medical care at all facilities, as required by ICE detention standards, but does not maintain complete information about medical care costs. The ICE Health Service Corps (IHSC) provided direct care to detainees at 19 over-72-hour facilities and oversaw care at the remaining 146 non-IHS...
Homeland Security: FPS and GSA Should Strengthen Collaboration to Enhance Facility Security
GAO-16-135: Published: Dec 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 15, 2016.
The Federal Protective Service (FPS), within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and the General Services Administration (GSA) have taken some steps to improve collaboration, such as drafting a joint strategy. While each agency has some individual policies for collaboration, the two agencies have made limited progress in agreeing on several key practices as described below. Reaching agreeme...
Firearms Trafficking: U.S. Efforts to Combat Firearms Trafficking to Mexico Have Improved, but Some Collaboration Challenges Remain
GAO-16-223: Published: Jan 11, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 11, 2016.
According to data from the Department of Justice's Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), 73,684 firearms (about 70 percent) seized in Mexico and traced from 2009 to 2014 originated in the United States. ATF data also show that these firearms were most often purchased in Southwest border states and that about half of them were long guns (rifles and shotguns). According to Mexic...
Border Security: Progress and Challenges in DHS's Efforts to Implement and Assess Infrastructure and Technology
GAO-15-595T: Published: May 13, 2015. Publicly Released: May 13, 2015.
GAO reported in March 2014 that U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), had made progress in deploying programs under the Arizona Border Surveillance Technology Plan (the Plan), but that CBP could strengthen its management and assessment of the Plan's programs. Specifically, GAO reported that CBP's schedules and life-cycle cost estimates for the...
Border Security: Additional Efforts Needed to Address Persistent Challenges in Achieving Radio Interoperability
GAO-15-201: Published: Mar 23, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 23, 2015.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS), U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) have taken steps to upgrade tactical communications equipment and infrastructure, but could benefit by developing performance and program plans. Specifically, CBP has completed modernization projects in four of the nine sectors that compose the southwest border. S...
Federal Facility Cybersecurity: DHS and GSA Should Address Cyber Risk to Building and Access Control Systems
GAO-15-6: Published: Dec 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 12, 2015.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has taken preliminary steps to begin to understand the cyber risk to building and access controls systems in federal facilities. For example, in 2013, components of DHS's National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD) conducted a joint assessment of the physical security and cybersecurity of a federal facility. However, significant work remains.Lack o...