Science and Technology Directorate (31 - 40 of 42 items)
Department of Homeland Security: Improvements Could Further Enhance Ability to Acquire Innovative Technologies Using Other Transaction Authority
GAO-08-1088: Published: Sep 23, 2008. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 2008.
When the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was created in 2002, it was granted "other transaction" authority--a special authority used to meet mission needs. While the authority provides greater flexibility to attract and work with nontraditional contractors to research, develop, and test innovative technologies, other transactions carry the risk of reduced accountability and transparency--in...
Biosurveillance: Preliminary Observations on Department of Homeland Security's Biosurveillance Initiatives
GAO-08-960T: Published: Jul 16, 2008. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2008.
The United States faces potentially dangerous biological threats that occur naturally or may be the result of a terrorist attack. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is developing two major initiatives to provide early detection and warning of biological threats: the National Biosurveillance Integration Center (NBIC), a center for integrating and coordinating information on biological events...
Homeland Security: DHS's Actions to Recruit and Retain Staff and Comply with the Vacancies Reform Act
GAO-07-758: Published: Jul 16, 2007. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2007.
Since its inception in 2003, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has faced numerous human capital challenges related to recruiting, retaining, and managing its workforce of nearly 171,000 employees. As requested, this report analyzes DHS's attrition, efforts to recruit and retain staff, use of external employees, and compliance with certain provisions of the Vacancies Reform Act, which requi...
Department of Homeland Security: Science and Technology Directorate's Expenditure Plan
GAO-07-868: Published: Jun 22, 2007. Publicly Released: Jun 22, 2007.
In recent years GAO and others have reported on problems in the financial management environment at the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T). S&T was established by the Homeland Security Act of 2002 to, among other things, coordinate the federal government's civilian efforts to identify and develop countermeasures to emerging terrorist threats to our nat...
Aviation Security: Progress Made in Systematic Planning to Guide Key Investment Decisions, but More Work Remains
GAO-07-448T: Published: Feb 13, 2007. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 2007.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA), established in November 2001, has developed and implemented a variety of programs to secure the commercial aviation system. To implement these efforts, TSA funding related to aviation security has totaled about $20 billion since fiscal year 2004. Other Department of Homeland Security (DHS) components, such as the U.S. Customs and Border Protection...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: Progress Coordinating Government and Private Sector Efforts Varies by Sectors' Characteristics
GAO-07-39: Published: Oct 16, 2006. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2006.
As Hurricane Katrina so forcefully demonstrated, the nation's critical infrastructures and key resources have been vulnerable to a wide variety of threats. Because about 85 percent of the nation's critical infrastructure is owned by the private sector, it is vital that the public and private sectors work together to protect these assets. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is responsible for...
Homeland Security: DHS Needs to Improve Ethics-Related Management Controls for the Science and Technology Directorate
GAO-06-206: Published: Dec 22, 2005. Publicly Released: Dec 22, 2005.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Science and Technology (S&T) Directorate was established to focus on areas such as addressing countermeasures for biological threats. To do this, it hired experts from the national laboratories under the authority of the Intergovernmental Personnel Act (IPA). The Directorate is organized into portfolios, led by portfolio managers. Questions have been rai...
Higher Education: Federal Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Programs and Related Trends
GAO-06-114: Published: Oct 12, 2005. Publicly Released: Oct 12, 2005.
The United States has long been known as a world leader in scientific and technological innovation. To help maintain this advantage, the federal government has spent billions of dollars on education programs in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields for many years. However, concerns have been raised about the nation's ability to maintain its global technological compet...
Homeland Security: DHS' Efforts to Enhance First Responders' All-Hazards Capabilities Continue to Evolve
GAO-05-652: Published: Jul 11, 2005. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 2005.
The events of September 11, 2001, have resulted in a greater focus on the role of first responders in carrying out the nation's emergency management efforts. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is the primary federal entity responsible for ensuring that first responders, such as police, fire, emergency medical, and public health personnel, have the capabilities needed to provide a coordinate...
Homeland Security: Further Action Needed to Promote Successful Use of Special DHS Acquisition Authority
GAO-05-136: Published: Dec 15, 2004. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2004.
The Homeland Security Act of 2002 authorized the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to establish a pilot program for the use of acquisition agreements known as "other transactions." Because they are exempt from many of the requirements that apply to government contracts, other transactions can be useful in acquiring cutting-edge technologies from entities that traditionally have declined to do...