Department of Homeland Security (111 - 120 of 2,245 items)
Critical Infrastructure Protection: Sector-Specific Agencies Need to Better Measure Cybersecurity Progress
GAO-16-79: Published: Nov 19, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2015.
Sector-specific agencies (SSA) determined the significance of cyber risk to networks and industrial control systems for all 15 of the sectors in the scope of GAO's review. Specifically, they determined that cyber risk was significant for 11 of 15 sectors. Although the SSAs for the remaining four sectors had not determined cyber risks to be significant during their 2010 sector-specific planning pro...
Information Security: Federal Agencies Need to Better Protect Sensitive Data
GAO-16-194T: Published: Nov 17, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2015.
Federal systems face an evolving array of cyber-based threats. These threats can be unintentional—for example, from software coding errors or the actions of careless or poorly trained employees; or intentional—targeted or untargeted attacks from criminals, hackers, adversarial nations, terrorists, disgruntled employees or other organizational insiders, among others. These concerns are further...
Screening Partnership Program: TSA Can Benefit from Improved Cost Estimates
GAO-16-19: Published: Nov 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2015.
Based on an analysis of TSA's cost estimating practices and methodology developed in 2013 against best practices, TSA's cost estimates have some strengths, but also have limitations in four general characteristics needed to reflect a high-quality and reliable cost estimate. TSA's cost estimating practices reflect certain strengths, including a revised cost estimating methodology that provides suff...
Military Personnel: Oversight Framework and Evaluations Needed for DOD and the Coast Guard to Help Increase the Number of Female Officer Applicants
GAO-16-55: Published: Nov 13, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 13, 2015.
Department of Defense (DOD) and Coast Guard fiscal year 2010-14 data show an overall slight increase in female officer accessions rates (e.g. the number of female officer accessions during a period of time, expressed as a percentage of total accessions) for all of the Armed Forces, with the Coast Guard having the highest percentage increase. Female officer accession rates for the Army, the Navy, a...
Aviation Security: Improved Testing, Evaluation, and Performance Measurement Could Enhance Effectiveness
GAO-16-199T: Published: Nov 3, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 2015.
Evaluation of new technologies, programs, and processes . GAO has found that TSA has not consistently evaluated the overall effectiveness of new technologies before adopting them. For example, in March 2014, GAO found that TSA testing of certain Advanced Imaging Technology (AIT) systems—also referred to as full-body scanners—used to screen passengers at airports did not account for all factors...
Combating Nuclear Smuggling: Risk-Informed Covert Assessments and Oversight of Corrective Actions Could Strengthen Capabilities at the Border
GAO-16-191T: Published: Oct 27, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 27, 2015.
In its September 2014 report, GAO reported that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) U.S. Customs and Border Protection's (CBP) Operational Field Testing Division (OFTD) conducted 144 covert operations at 86 locations from fiscal years 2006 through 2013. OFTD selected these locations from a total of 655 U.S. air, land, and sea port facilities; checkpoints; and certain international locations...
Emergency Management: FEMA Has Made Progress since Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy, but Challenges Remain
GAO-16-90T: Published: Oct 22, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 22, 2015.
GAO's recent work highlights both the progress and challenges in the Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) efforts to lead national preparedness efforts, particularly efforts to assess emergency support capabilities and enhance logistics capabilities. Assessing capabilities is critical to ensure that they will be available when needed in emergencies. For example, GAO found in December 2014...
Strategic Sourcing: Opportunities Exist to Better Manage Information Technology Services Spending
GAO-15-549: Published: Sep 22, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 22, 2015.
Efforts by the Departments of Defense (DOD), Homeland Security (DHS), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to strategically manage spending for information technology (IT) services, such as software design and development, have improved in recent years. Each of the agencies GAO reviewed has designated officials responsible for strategic sourcing and created offices to ident...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: Cybersecurity of the Nation's Electricity Grid Requires Continued Attention
GAO-16-174T: Published: Oct 21, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 21, 2015.
GAO reported in 2011 that several entities—the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and the Department of Energy (DOE)—had taken steps to help secure the electric grid. These included developing cybersecurity standards and oth...
Unaccompanied Alien Children: Improved Evaluation Efforts Could Enhance Agency Programs to Reduce Migration from Central America
GAO-16-163T: Published: Oct 21, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 21, 2015.
GAO reported in July 2015 that U.S. agencies had sought to address causes of unaccompanied alien child (UAC) migration through recent programs, such as information campaigns to deter migration, developed in response to the migration increase and other long-standing efforts. The increase in migration since 2012 was likely triggered, according to U.S. officials, by several factors such as the increa...