Department of Health and Human Services (31 - 40 of 2,593 items) in Custom Date Range
Drug Compounding: FDA Has Taken Steps to Implement Compounding Law, but Some States and Stakeholders Reported Challenges
GAO-17-64: Published: Nov 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
GAO's survey of state pharmacy regulatory bodies found that drugs are compounded in a variety of health care settings, and some data are collected on the number of entities that compound drugs (drug compounders), but not the volume of compounded drugs. In addition to pharmacies, drug compounding settings include physicians' offices and outsourcing facilities—a new type of facility established by...
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: More Information on Promising Practices Could Enhance States' Use of Data Matching for Eligibility
GAO-17-111: Published: Oct 19, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
In administering the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), all state SNAP agencies verify household income by conducting multiple data matches, which they find useful for detecting potential discrepancies related to SNAP eligibility (see figure below), according to GAO's survey of all state SNAP directors. Most states reported that particularly useful data matches provided current info...
Youth with Autism: Roundtable Views of Services Needed During the Transition into Adulthood
GAO-17-109: Published: Oct 18, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) transitioning to adulthood may need a wide range of services and supports to help them achieve their goals, according to a panel GAO convened in March 2016. ASD is a highly individualized condition with characteristics that vary in degree and type from person to person. Autism characteristics may hinder or help youth achieve their goals—such as postsecon...
Unemployment Insurance: Various Factors Affect Head Start and Other Early Childhood Teachers' Eligibility for Benefits
GAO-17-34: Published: Oct 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 2016.
In response to GAO's survey, officials from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and two territories reported that they have various laws or policies that may affect whether Head Start and other early childhood education (ECE) teachers are allowed to collect unemployment insurance (UI) benefits during summer breaks. Officials in three states—Indiana, Pennsylvania, and Wyoming—reported that...
Highlights of a Forum: Preventing Illicit Drug Use
GAO-17-146SP: Published: Nov 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2016.
What Forum Participants SaidIn individual presentations and group discussion, participants in a forum that GAO convened identified the common factors related to illicit drug use--the use of illicit drugs and the misuse of prescription drugs. According to forum participants, illicit drug use typically occurs for the first time in adolescence and involves marijuana. Forum participants also discussed...
Emergency Funding for Ebola Response: Some USAID Reimbursements Did Not Comply with Legislative Requirements and Need to Be Reversed
GAO-17-35: Published: Nov 2, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 2, 2016.
As of July 1, 2016, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Department of State (State) had obligated 58 percent and disbursed more than one-third of the $2.5 billion appropriated for Ebola activities. In the early stages of the U.S. response in West Africa, USAID obligated $883 million to control the outbreak, and State obligated $34 million for medical evacuations, among ot...
Opioid Addiction: Laws, Regulations, and Other Factors Can Affect Medication-Assisted Treatment Access
GAO-16-833: Published: Sep 27, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 27, 2016.
The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has stated that addressing opioid abuse is a high priority and is promoting access to medication-assisted treatment (MAT)--an approach that combines behavioral therapy and the use of medications--to combat the problem. Three medications are currently approved for use in MAT for opioid addiction--methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone. Methadone a...
Breast Cancer Education: HHS Has Implemented Initiatives Aimed at Young Women
GAO-17-19: Published: Oct 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 2016.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), has led federal efforts to respond to four areas specified in the Young Women's Breast Health Education and Awareness Requires Learning Young Act of 2009 (EARLY Act). CDC reported spending nearly $37 million between fiscal years 2010 to 2016 on the following efforts across the four areas...
Medicare: CMS's Round 2 Durable Medical Equipment and National Mail-order Diabetes Testing Supplies Competitive Bidding Programs
GAO-16-570: Published: Sep 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 17, 2016.
The number of beneficiaries receiving durable medical equipment (DME) items covered under the competitive bidding program (CBP) generally decreased after implementation of two CBP phases that began July 1, 2013—round 2 and the national mail-order program for diabetes testing supplies. Under the CBP, (administered by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)), only competitively selected...
Child Care: Information on Integrating Early Care and Education Funding
GAO-16-775R: Published: Sep 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 14, 2016.
State officials and local providers of early care and education programs that GAO interviewed identified benefits associated with integrating funding from multiple sources as well as partnering with other providers. They also cited factors that adversely impacted their ability to do so. The benefits most often cited by state officials and providers included access to additional funding sources, op...