Department of Health and Human Services (11 - 20 of 2,593 items) in Custom Date Range
National Institutes of Health: Kidney Disease Research Funding and Priority Setting
GAO-17-121: Published: Dec 19, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 18, 2017.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH), within the Department of Health and Human Services, is the primary federal agency that conducts biomedical research on kidney disease, as well as various other diseases and conditions. NIH's budget—$30 billion in fiscal year 2015—mostly funds extramural research that supports research personnel working at universities, medical schools, and other institu...
Drug Safety: FDA Has Improved Its Foreign Drug Inspection Program, but Needs to Assess the Effectiveness and Staffing of Its Foreign Offices
GAO-17-143: Published: Dec 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 17, 2017.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), has increased its foreign drug inspections and enhanced its ability to prioritize drug establishments for inspection. The number of foreign inspections has consistently increased each year since fiscal year 2009. Beginning in fiscal year 2015, FDA conducted more foreign than domestic inspect...
Indian Health Service: Actions Needed to Improve Oversight of Quality of Care
GAO-17-181: Published: Jan 9, 2017. Publicly Released: Jan 9, 2017.
The Indian Health Service's (IHS) oversight of the quality of care provided in its federally operated facilities has been limited and inconsistent. While some oversight functions are performed at the headquarters level, the agency has delegated primary responsibility for the oversight of care to nine area offices. Area officials stated that the oversight they provide has included, for example, hol...
Public Health Emergencies: HHS Needs to Better Communicate Requirements and Revise Plans for Assessing Impact of Personnel Reassignment
GAO-17-187: Published: Jan 9, 2017. Publicly Released: Jan 9, 2017.
The Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR), within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), has primary federal responsibility for overseeing medical and public health preparedness and response and coordinating the reassignment of personnel in a public health emergency. ASPR has developed processes to review and approve states' and tribes' requests for per...
FDA Facilities: Planning Efforts for White Oak Campus Should Further Incorporate Leading Practices to Address Ongoing Challenges
GAO-17-87: Published: Dec 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 6, 2017.
Officials from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) described various benefits and challenges related to the consolidation of about 10,500 FDA staff and contractors at a campus in White Oak, Maryland. As of 2016, the campus was partially complete, with 9 of the 10 planned office buildings constructed and 27 percent more staff than the 8,2...
Medicaid Personal Care Services: CMS Could Do More to Harmonize Requirements across Programs
GAO-17-28: Published: Nov 23, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 22, 2016.
Four states that GAO reviewed varied in how they implemented safeguards to protect beneficiaries receiving in-home personal care services from harm and in their methods to help ensure billed services were actually provided. For example, to help keep beneficiaries safe, the four selected states—California, Maryland, Oregon, and Texas—reported that they monitored beneficiaries by having case man...
Child Care: Access to Subsidies and Strategies to Manage Demand Vary Across States
GAO-17-60: Published: Dec 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2016.
According to GAO's analysis of nationwide data for an average month in 2011-2012 approximately 8.6 million children under age 13 were estimated to be eligible for subsidies under the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program based on policies in their states, and about 1.5 million received them. When compared with all eligible children, those receiving subsidies tended to be younger (under ag...
Medicare: Initial Results of Revised Process to Screen Providers and Suppliers, and Need for Objectives and Performance Measures
GAO-17-42: Published: Nov 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2016.
GAO's analysis of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' (CMS) Medicare enrollment data found that CMS used its revised enrollment screening process to screen and revalidate over 2.4 million unique new applications and existing enrollment records. GAO's analysis showed that the screening resulted in over 23,000 new applications being denied or rejected and over 703,000 existing enrollment r...
Newborn Screening Timeliness: Most States Had Not Met Screening Goals, but Some Are Developing Strategies to Address Barriers
GAO-17-196: Published: Dec 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2016.
Most states that reported timeliness data had not screened newborns within recommended goals to detect conditions that may require treatment. The Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children recommended time-frame goals in 2015 for newborn screening, such as reporting all results within 7 days of birth. Data provided by 38 states...
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: Results of Enrollment Testing for the 2016 Special Enrollment Period
GAO-17-78: Published: Nov 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2016.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) requires that federal and state-based marketplaces verify application information—such as citizenship or immigration status—to determine eligibility for enrollment in a health plan, potentially including a subsidy. However, there is no specific legal requirement to verify the events that trigger a Special Enrollment Period (SEP), which is...