Other (11 - 20 of 835 items)
IT Workforce: Key Practices Help Ensure Strong Integrated Program Teams; Selected Departments Need to Assess Skill Gaps
GAO-17-8: Published: Nov 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 30, 2016.
Integrated program teams (IPT) are cross-functional or multidisciplinary groups of individuals that are organized and collectively responsible for delivering a product to an external or internal customer. GAO identified three characteristics that contribute to the creation and operation of a comprehensive IPT: (1) executive leadership through team support, empowerment, and oversight; (2) team comp...
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: More Information on Promising Practices Could Enhance States' Use of Data Matching for Eligibility
GAO-17-111: Published: Oct 19, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
In administering the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), all state SNAP agencies verify household income by conducting multiple data matches, which they find useful for detecting potential discrepancies related to SNAP eligibility (see figure below), according to GAO's survey of all state SNAP directors. Most states reported that particularly useful data matches provided current info...
Youth with Autism: Roundtable Views of Services Needed During the Transition into Adulthood
GAO-17-109: Published: Oct 18, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) transitioning to adulthood may need a wide range of services and supports to help them achieve their goals, according to a panel GAO convened in March 2016. ASD is a highly individualized condition with characteristics that vary in degree and type from person to person. Autism characteristics may hinder or help youth achieve their goals—such as postsecon...
Unemployment Insurance: Various Factors Affect Head Start and Other Early Childhood Teachers' Eligibility for Benefits
GAO-17-34: Published: Oct 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 2016.
In response to GAO's survey, officials from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and two territories reported that they have various laws or policies that may affect whether Head Start and other early childhood education (ECE) teachers are allowed to collect unemployment insurance (UI) benefits during summer breaks. Officials in three states—Indiana, Pennsylvania, and Wyoming—reported that...
Breast Cancer Education: HHS Has Implemented Initiatives Aimed at Young Women
GAO-17-19: Published: Oct 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 2016.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), has led federal efforts to respond to four areas specified in the Young Women's Breast Health Education and Awareness Requires Learning Young Act of 2009 (EARLY Act). CDC reported spending nearly $37 million between fiscal years 2010 to 2016 on the following efforts across the four areas...
Child Care: Information on Integrating Early Care and Education Funding
GAO-16-775R: Published: Sep 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 14, 2016.
State officials and local providers of early care and education programs that GAO interviewed identified benefits associated with integrating funding from multiple sources as well as partnering with other providers. They also cited factors that adversely impacted their ability to do so. The benefits most often cited by state officials and providers included access to additional funding sources, op...
Health Care Quality: HHS Should Set Priorities and Comprehensively Plan Its Efforts to Better Align Health Quality Measures
GAO-17-5: Published: Oct 13, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 13, 2016.
While the full extent of misalignment among health care quality measures is unknown, it can have adverse effects on providers and efforts to improve quality of care. Misalignment occurs when health care payers require providers to report on measures that focus on different quality issues or define the measures using different specifications. GAO identified three studies that provided some informat...
NIH Biomedical Research: Agencies Involved in the Indirect Cost Rate-Setting Process Need to Improve Controls
GAO-16-616: Published: Sep 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 2016.
Research organizations that apply for National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding participate in an indirect cost rate-setting process, which involves submitting a rate proposal; reviewing the proposal and having it audited by a third-party agency at the cognizant agency's request; and finalizing (negotiating) the rate for the organization. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the Departm...
Foreign Assistance: Selected Agencies' Monitoring and Evaluation Policies Generally Address Leading Practices
GAO-16-861R: Published: Sep 27, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 2016.
All the agencies we reviewed, except DOD, have established M&E policies that apply to their major foreign assistance programs. State, USAID, and MCC have agency-wide policies for foreign assistance M&E, while the civilian non-foreign-affairs agencies have policies relevant to their major foreign assistance programs—for USDA, the Foreign Agriculture Service’s food aid programs, and for HHS, the...
Electronic Health Information: HHS Needs to Strengthen Security and Privacy Guidance and Oversight
GAO-16-771: Published: Aug 26, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2016.
The use of electronic health information can allow providers to more efficiently share information and give patients easier access to their health information, among other benefits. Nonetheless, systems storing and transmitting health information in electronic form are vulnerable to cyber-based threats. The resulting breaches—involving over 113 million records in 2015—can have serious adverse...