Department of Health and Human Services (71 - 80 of 2,593 items)
Federal Autism Activities: Agencies Are Encouraging Early Identification and Providing Services, and Recent Actions Could Improve Coordination
GAO-16-446: Published: May 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 2016.
Federal agencies have taken various actions to encourage early autism identification and interventions, such as specifically soliciting research in these areas. From fiscal year 2012 through fiscal year 2015, the departments of Defense (DOD), Education, and Health and Human Services (HHS), awarded about $395 million for research on early identification and interventions for autism.Federal programs...
Food and Drug Administration: Comprehensive Strategic Planning Needed to Enhance Coordination between Medical Product Centers
GAO-16-500: Published: May 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 2016.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) developed a strategic integrated management plan (SIMP) for its three centers that oversee medical products (biologics, drugs, and medical devices); however, GAO found that the plan does not incorporate leading practices for strategic planning or document a comprehensive strategy for the centers. FDA officials explained that circumstances at the time of the S...
Medical Product Oversight: FDA Needs More Strategic Planning to Guide Its Scientific Initiatives
GAO-16-432: Published: May 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 2016.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) lacks measurable goals to assess its progress in advancing regulatory science—the science supporting its effort to assess the products it regulates. The agency issued strategic planning documents in 2011 and 2013 to guide its regulatory science efforts and identify priority areas for conducting work, but these documents do not specify the targets and time f...
Medicare Fee-For-Service: Opportunities Remain to Improve Appeals Process
GAO-16-366: Published: May 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 9, 2016.
The appeals process for Medicare fee-for-service (FFS) claims consists of four administrative levels of review within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and a fifth level in which appeals are reviewed by federal courts. Appeals are generally reviewed by each level sequentially, as appellants may appeal a decision to the next level depending on the prior outcome. Under the administr...
Medicare: Utilization and Expenditures for Complex Wheelchair Accessories
GAO-16-640R: Published: Jun 1, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2016.
The Medicare fee-for-service (FFS) program spends millions of dollars annually to furnish wheelchairs and wheelchair accessories to Medicare beneficiaries. Certain power wheelchairs that are more complex than standard wheelchairs, referred to as complex rehabilitative technology (CRT) power group 3 wheelchairs, and the accessories used with these chairs accounted for a relatively small percentage...
Imported Food Safety: FDA's Targeting Tool Has Enhanced Screening, but Further Improvements Are Possible
GAO-16-399: Published: May 26, 2016. Publicly Released: May 26, 2016.
The Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Predictive Risk-based Evaluation for Dynamic Import Compliance Targeting (PREDICT) tool uses a variety of data and analyzes data by applying rules—conditional statements that tell PREDICT how to react when encountering particular information—to generate risk scores for imported food. Many of the data used by PREDICT come from internal FDA sources, such...
Information Technology: Federal Agencies Need to Address Aging Legacy Systems
GAO-16-468: Published: May 25, 2016. Publicly Released: May 25, 2016.
The federal government spent about 75 percent of the total amount budgeted for information technology (IT) for fiscal year 2015 on operations and maintenance (O&M) investments. Such spending has increased over the past 7 fiscal years, which has resulted in a $7.3 billion decline from fiscal years 2010 to 2017 in development, modernization, and enhancement activities.Total Federal IT Spending by Ty...
Workplace Safety and Health: Additional Data Needed to Address Continued Hazards in the Meat and Poultry Industry
GAO-16-337: Published: Apr 25, 2016. Publicly Released: May 25, 2016.
Injury and illness rates in the meat and poultry slaughtering and processing industry declined from 2004 through 2013, similar to rates in all U.S. manufacturing, according to Department of Labor (DOL) data (see figure), yet hazardous conditions remain. The rates declined from an estimated 9.8 cases per 100 full-time workers in 2004 to 5.7 in 2013. However, these rates continued to be higher than...
Medicare Program: Continued Action Required to Address Weaknesses in Provider and Supplier Enrollment Controls
GAO-16-703T: Published: May 24, 2016. Publicly Released: May 24, 2016.
In June 2015 and April 2016, GAO reported on CMS's implementation of enrollment-screening procedures that the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) uses to prevent and detect ineligible or potentially fraudulent providers and suppliers from enrolling into its Provider Enrollment, Chain and Ownership System (PECOS). GAO identified weaknesses in CMS's verification of provider practice locat...
Food Safety: FDA Coordinating with Stakeholders on New Rules but Challenges Remain and Greater Tribal Consultation Needed
GAO-16-425: Published: May 19, 2016. Publicly Released: May 19, 2016.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) took numerous steps to ensure meaningful and timely input from nonfederal officials during development of the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA)-mandated rules on produce, human food, and animal food but did not fully meet its tribal consultation responsibilities. Among other things, FDA—an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HH...