Department of Health and Human Services (51 - 60 of 2,593 items)
High-Containment Laboratories: Improved Oversight of Dangerous Pathogens Needed to Mitigate Risk
GAO-16-642: Published: Aug 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2016.
The total number of incidents involving incomplete inactivation—a process to destroy the hazardous effects of pathogens while retaining characteristics for future use—that occurred from 2003 through 2015 is unknown for several reasons. One key reason is that the Select Agent Program—operated by the Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS) and Agriculture (USDA) to oversee certain dange...
Tiered Evidence Grants: Opportunities Exist to Share Lessons from Early Implementation and Inform Future Federal Efforts
GAO-16-818: Published: Sep 21, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2016.
Tiered evidence grants are a new policy tool federal agencies are using to incorporate evidence of effectiveness into grantmaking. Under this approach, agencies establish tiers of grant funding based on the level of evidence grantees provide on their models for providing social, educational, health, or other services. Smaller awards are used to test new and innovative service models; larger awards...
Long-Term Care Workforce: Better Information Needed on Nursing Assistants, Home Health Aides, and Other Direct Care Workers
GAO-16-718: Published: Aug 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2016.
Federal data sources provide a broad picture of direct care workers—nursing assistants and home health, psychiatric, and personal care aides—who provide long-term services and supports (LTSS), but limitations and gaps affect the data's usefulness for workforce planning. Some states have collected data in areas where federal data are limited, but these have been one-time studies. Federal data s...
Health Care: Results of Recent Undercover Testing for Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Coverage, and Review of Market Concentration in the Private Insurance Markets
GAO-16-882T: Published: Sep 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2016.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) requires health-insurance marketplaces to verify application information, such as citizenship or immigration status and household income, to determine eligibility for enrollment and, if applicable, eligibility for income-based subsidies. While inconsistencies between the information provided by the applicant and by government sources are being...
Generic Drugs Under Medicare: Part D Generic Drug Prices Declined Overall, but Some Had Extraordinary Price Increases
GAO-16-706: Published: Aug 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2016.
Generic drug prices declined overall under Medicare Part D—the voluntary outpatient prescription drug program administered by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)—since 2010. Specifically, generic drug prices fell 59 percent from the first quarter of 2010 through the second quarter of 2015. This decline reflects a changing basket...
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: Final Results of Undercover Testing of the Federal Marketplace and Selected State Marketplaces for Coverage Year 2015
GAO-16-792: Published: Sep 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2016.
Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), health-insurance marketplaces are required to verify application information to determine eligibility for enrollment and, if applicable, determine eligibility for income-based subsidies or Medicaid. Verification steps include reviewing and validating an applicant's Social Security number, if one is provided; citizenship, status as a U.S...
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: Most Enrollees Reported Satisfaction with Their Health Plans, Although Some Concerns Exist
GAO-16-761: Published: Sep 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2016.
Available survey data show that most enrollees who obtained their coverage through the health insurance exchanges were satisfied overall with their qualified health plans (QHP) during the first few years that exchanges operated, according to five national surveys of QHP enrollees that GAO identified through its literature review. Specifically, most QHP enrollees who obtained their coverage through...
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: Results of Undercover Enrollment Testing for the Federal Marketplace and a Selected State Marketplace for the 2016 Coverage Year
GAO-16-784: Published: Sep 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2016.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) requires health-insurance marketplaces to verify application information to determine eligibility for enrollment and, if applicable, determine eligibility for income-based subsidies. Verification steps include validating the applicant's Social Security number, if one is provided; citizenship or immigration status; and household income. PPACA r...
Medicaid: Key Policy and Data Considerations for Designing a Per Capita Cap on Federal Funding
GAO-16-726: Published: Aug 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2016.
Through review of its prior reports, the literature and interviews with state Medicaid officials and subject matter experts, GAO identified several key interrelated policy considerations that could be useful should policymakers elect to pursue a per capita cap—a per-enrollee limit on federal Medicaid funding for states.Coverage and flexibility. Coverage entails decisions about whether all or a s...
Foster Care: Most Tribes Do Not Anticipate Challenges with Case Goal Changes, but HHS Could Further Promote Guardianship Assistance
GAO-16-625: Published: Aug 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 2016.
To receive federal child welfare funding, state and tribal child welfare agencies must comply with certain requirements, including developing a permanency plan for the child that identifies how the child will exit the foster care system to a permanent home (“case goal”). If other case goals, such as reunifying with parents, adoption, or guardianship are not possible or appropriate, a child may...