Department of Energy (111 - 120 of 2,228 items)
Managing Critical Isotopes: Stewardship of Lithium-7 Is Needed to Ensure a Stable Supply
GAO-13-716: Published: Sep 19, 2013. Publicly Released: Oct 17, 2013.
Little is known about lithium-7 production in China and Russia and whether their supplies can meet future domestic demand. According to industry representatives, China and Russia produce enough lithium-7 to meet demand from U.S. pressurized water reactors, a type of commercial nuclear power reactor that requires lithium-7 for safe operation. However, China's continued supply may be reduced by its...
ICBM Modernization: Approaches to Basing Options and Interoperable Warhead Designs Need Better Planning and Synchronization
GAO-13-831: Published: Sep 20, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 2013.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has identified capability requirements and potential basing options for the Minuteman III follow-on intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), and the Department of Energy (DOE) has begun a parallel study of options to extend the life of its warhead, but neither department plans to estimate the total system costs for the new missile and its warhead. GAO's work on co...
Modernizing the Nuclear Security Enterprise: Observations on NNSA's Options for Meeting Its Plutonium Research Needs
GAO-13-533: Published: Sep 11, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 11, 2013.
The National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) Los Alamos National Laboratory's (LANL) April 2012 study (1) identified general options for meeting the plutonium research needs of NNSA--a separately organized agency within the Department of Energy (DOE)--during the several-year gap created by the deferral of the Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement (CMRR) nuclear facility and (2) in...
Department of Energy: Observations on DOE's Management Challenges and Steps Taken to Address Them
GAO-13-767T: Published: Jul 24, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 24, 2013.
As GAO has reported over the last decade, the Department of Energys (DOE) management of major projects and programs, security and safety at DOE sites, and reliable enterprise-wide management information, including budget and cost data, are among the most persistent management challenges the department faces. Challenges managing major projects and programs. The Office of Environmental M...
America COMPETES Acts: Overall Appropriations Have Increased and Have Mainly Funded Existing Federal Research Entities
GAO-13-612: Published: Jul 19, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 2013.
In fiscal years 2008-2012, $52.4 billion was appropriated out of the $62.2 billion authorized under the America Creating Opportunities to Meaningfully Promote Excellence in Technology, Education, and Science Act of 2007 (COMPETES 2007) and the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010 (COMPETES 2010). Almost all of these funds went to the entire budgets of three existing research entities--the...
Nuclear Weapons: Factors Leading to Cost Increases with the Uranium Processing Facility
GAO-13-686R: Published: Jul 12, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 2013.
In summary, GAO found the following:Overly optimistic National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) assumptions about the Uranium Processing Facility (UPF) contained in multiple cost estimates prepared from 2004 to 2011 (upper bound of cost range was approximately $1.1 billion and $6.5 billion, respectively) are the primary factors that contributed to its cost increase. Initial NNSA UPF cost est...
National Nuclear Security Administration: Laboratories' Indirect Cost Management Has Improved, but Additional Opportunities Exist
GAO-13-534: Published: Jun 28, 2013. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 2013.
The National Nuclear Security Administrations (NNSA) management and operating (M&O) contractors differ in how they classify and allocate indirect costs at NNSA laboratories. Although different approaches are allowed by Cost Accounting Standards, these differences limit the ability to compare program costs across the laboratories. Recognizing the limitations of its current cost data, the Departme...
Tax Expenditures: IRS Data Available for Evaluations Are Limited
GAO-13-479: Published: Apr 30, 2013. Publicly Released: May 30, 2013.
Internal Revenue Service (IRS) data are not sufficient for identifying who claims a tax expenditure and how much they claim for $492 billion or almost half the dollar value of all tax expenditures that GAO examined. Such basic data are not available at IRS for tax expenditures because they do not have their own line item on a tax form. This included $102 billion of tax expenditures that were not o...
Worker Safety and Health at Department of Energy Sites
GAO-13-497R: Published: May 29, 2013. Publicly Released: May 29, 2013.
There are several key similarities and differences between Part 851, OSHA regulations, and the OSH Act. Several key similarities are that Part 851 incorporates by reference almost all OSHA standards and authorizes workers to file complaints about unsafe working conditions or hazards in the workplace. Several key differences are that Part 851 incorporates additional industry standards and authorize...
Department of Energy: Observations on Project and Program Cost Estimating in NNSA and the Office of Environmental Management
GAO-13-510T: Published: May 8, 2013. Publicly Released: May 8, 2013.
For more than a decade, GAO has reported on the challenges the Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and the Office of Environmental Management (EM) have faced in meeting their projects' cost performance targets as developed in estimates and for ensuring that these cost estimates are based on sound assumptions. NNSA and EM are included on GAO's High-Risk List...