Patent and Trademark Office (11 - 20 of 31 items)
Intellectual Property: Strategy for Targeting Organized Piracy (STOP) Requires Changes for Long-Term Success
GAO-07-74: Published: Nov 8, 2006. Publicly Released: Dec 8, 2006.
U.S. government efforts to protect and enforce intellectual property (IP) rights are crucial to preventing billions of dollars in losses and mitigating health and safety risks from trade in counterfeit and pirated goods. These efforts are coordinated through the National Intellectual Property Law Enforcement Coordination Council (NIPLECC), created by Congress in 1999, and the Strategy for Targetin...
Intellectual Property: Initial Observations on the STOP Initiative and U.S. Border Efforts to Reduce Piracy
GAO-06-1004T: Published: Jul 26, 2006. Publicly Released: Jul 26, 2006.
U.S. goods are subject to substantial counterfeiting and piracy, creating health and safety hazards for consumers, damaging victimized companies, and threatening the U.S. economy. In 2004, the Bush administration launched the Strategy for Targeting Organized Piracy (STOP)--a multi-agency effort to better protect intellectual property (IP) by combating piracy and counterfeiting. This testimony, bas...
Intellectual Property: Information on the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office's Past and Future Operations
GAO-02-907: Published: Aug 23, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 2002.
The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has a staff of 6,426 and collected $1.1 billion in patent and trademark fees in fiscal year 2001. As the U.S. economy depends increasingly on new innovations, the need to patent or trademark quickly the intellectual property resulting from such innovations becomes more important. Expressing concerns about USPTO's plans for the future, Congress directed...
Intellectual Property: Deposits of Biological Materials in Support of Certain Patent Applications
GAO-01-49: Published: Oct 16, 2000. Publicly Released: Oct 16, 2000.
Under U.S. patent law, a patent must describe the subject invention in enough detail for someone skilled in that field to use or make it. In cases involving biological materials, the inventor may have to submit a sample. Some members of the biotechnology industry believe that biological deposits make patent infringement easier, reasoning that a person or organization can obtain a sample of the dep...
Information Security: Software Change Controls at the Department of Commerce
AIMD-00-187R: Published: Jun 30, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 30, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed software change controls at the Department of Commerce, focusing on: (1) whether key controls as described in agency policies and procedures regarding software change authorization, testing, and approval complied with federal guidance; and (2) the extent to which agencies contracted for year 2000 remediation of mission-critical systems and involved...
Intellectual Property: Comparison of Patent Examination Statistics for Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995
RCED-97-58: Published: Mar 13, 1997. Publicly Released: Mar 13, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO compared the Department of Commerce's Patent and Trademark Office's patent pendency statistics for fiscal years 1994 and 1995, focusing on: (1) overall pendency; (2) patent pendency by examination groups, secrecy orders, foreign applications, and current and original application dates; and (3) patent pendency attributable to applicants.GAO noted that: (1) p...
Intellectual Property: Patent Examination and Copyright Office Issues
T-RCED/GGD-96-230: Published: Sep 18, 1996. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 1996.
GAO discussed: (1) patent examination issues at the Department of Commerce's Patent and Trademark Office (PTO); and (2) examined the fees that PTO and the Library of Congress's Copyright Office charge for their services. GAO noted that: (1) PTO patent pendency statistics do not provide inventors and decisionmakers with enough information; (2) reported pendency depend on the computation method used...
U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
GGD-94-60R: Published: Nov 30, 1993. Publicly Released: Nov 30, 1993.
Pursuant to an agency request, GAO reviewed information on U.S. companies' views of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (PTO), focusing on responses from a mail survey on U.S. companies' patent experiences in Japan, Europe, and the United States. GAO found that: (1) 62 percent of all companies surveyed were generally satisfied with PTO; (2) the companies' views of PTO varied depending on the comp...
Intellectual Property Rights: U.S. Companies' Views on Patent Law Harmonization
T-GGD-94-11: Published: Oct 7, 1993. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 1993.
GAO discussed U.S. companies' views on patent law harmonization. GAO noted that: (1) if patent harmonization is to be realized, the United States, Japan, and Europe need to fundamentally change their patent application and publication processes; (2) since 1980, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) has attempted to negotiate a treaty that would establish patent harmonization, strengt...
Information Dissemination: Innovative Ways Agencies Are Using Technology
T-IMTEC-92-6: Published: Feb 19, 1992. Publicly Released: Feb 19, 1992.
GAO discussed how federal agencies are using technology to provide the public with cheaper and faster access to a wider range of information, focusing on: (1) compact disc-read only memory (CD-ROM); (2) bulletin board systems; (3) voice messaging/facsimile; and (4) floppy discs. GAO noted that: (1) the U.S. Geological Survey's Geologic Long-Range Inclined Asdic-East Coast CD-ROM includes sonar-sca...