Bureau of the Census (31 - 40 of 397 items)
2020 Census: Progress Report on the Census Bureau's Efforts to Contain Enumeration Costs
GAO-13-857T: Published: Sep 11, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 11, 2013.
In preparing for the 2020 Census, the U.S. Census Bureau (Bureau) has launched several initiatives aimed at organizational transformation, some of which show particular promise. For example, the Bureau is attempting to develop Bureau-wide, or "enterprise," standards, guidance, or tools in areas such as risk management and information technology (IT) investment management to reduce duplicative effo...
Compacts of Free Association: Guidelines Needed to Support Reliable Estimates of Cost Impacts of Growing Migration
GAO-13-773T: Published: Jul 11, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 11, 2013.
Data from the U.S. Census Bureau (Census) show that migrants from the freely associated states (FAS)—the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), the Marshall Islands, and Palau—reside throughout U.S. areas. GAO's 2011 report found that Census estimates that roughly 56,000 compact migrants—nearly a quarter of all FAS citizens—were living in U.S. areas in 2005 to 2009. About 58 percent of comp...
Medicaid: Alternative Measures Could Be Used to Allocate Funding More Equitably
GAO-13-434: Published: May 10, 2013. Publicly Released: May 10, 2013.
GAO identified multiple data sources that could be used to develop measures to allocate Medicaid funding to states more equitably than the current funding formula--known as the Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP)--which is based solely on per capita income (PCI). To be equitable from the perspective of beneficiaries and allow states to provide a comparable level of services to each person...
2020 Census: Local Administrative Records and Their Use in the Challenge Program and Decennial
GAO-13-269: Published: Feb 21, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 2013.
The Census Bureau (Bureau) issued significant changes to rules governing the records that communities use to challenge the Bureau's population estimates. Previously, the Bureau routinely accepted all challenges, largely without regard to the data sources cited or provided so long as they supported the calculations and covered the appropriate reporting periods. According to Bureau officials, these...
Information Security: Actions Needed by Census Bureau to Address Weaknesses
GAO-13-63: Published: Jan 22, 2013. Publicly Released: Feb 20, 2013.
Although the Census Bureau has taken steps to safeguard the information and systems that support its mission, it has not effectively implemented appropriate information security controls to protect those systems. Many of the deficiencies relate to the security controls used to regulate who or what can access the bureau's systems (access controls). For example, the bureau did not adequately: contro...
2020 Census: Initial Research Milestones Generally Met but Plans Needed to Mitigate Highest Risks
GAO-13-53: Published: Nov 7, 2012. Publicly Released: Dec 7, 2012.
According to U.S. Census Bureau (Bureau) officials, to inform timely design decisions, research on new methods to improve the cost effectiveness of the 2020 Census must be accomplished early enough in the decade to confirm their likely impact on both cost and quality. Three key efforts--(1) the use of the Internet as a response option, (2) a potential move towards targeted address canvassing, and...
Information Technology: Census Bureau Needs to Implement Key Management Practices
GAO-12-915: Published: Sep 18, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 2012.
The U.S. Census Bureau (Census Bureau) has drafted a new investment management plan, system development methodology, and requirements development and management processes to improve its ability to manage information technology (IT) investments and system development, but additional work is needed to ensure these processes are effective and successfully implemented across the bureau. GAO and others...
2020 Census: Sustaining Current Reform Efforts Will Be Key to a More Cost-Effective Enumeration
GAO-12-905T: Published: Jul 18, 2012. Publicly Released: Jul 18, 2012.
Overall, the U.S. Census Bureaus (Bureau) planning efforts for 2020 are off to a good start, as the Bureau made noteworthy progress within each of the four lessons learned from the 2010 Census. Still, additional steps will be needed within each of the lessons learned in order to sustain those reforms.1. Reexamine the nations approach to taking the Census. The Bureau has used a similar...
Streamlining Government: Questions to Consider When Evaluating Proposals to Consolidate Physical Infrastructure and Management Functions
GAO-12-542: Published: May 23, 2012. Publicly Released: May 23, 2012.
The key to any consolidation initiative is the identification of and agreement on specific goals, with the consolidation goals being evaluated against a realistic expectation of how they can be achieved. Consolidation goals, for example, can be compromised and new problems introduced when an initiative is delayed or halted, with agencies running the risk of increased costs.The initiative needs to...
2020 Census: Additional Steps Are Needed to Build on Early Planning
GAO-12-626: Published: May 17, 2012. Publicly Released: May 17, 2012.
The Census Bureaus (Bureau) early planning and preparation efforts for the 2020 Census are consistent with most leading practices in each of the three management areas GAO reviewed. For example, with respect to its effort to transform its decennial organization, top Bureau leadership has been driving the transformation, and the agency has focused on a key set of principles as it begins to ro...