Department of Commerce (111 - 120 of 1,263 items)
Antidumping and Countervailing Duties: Key Challenges to Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises' Pursuit of the Imposition of Trade Remedies
GAO-13-575: Published: Jun 25, 2013. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2013.
Some small and medium-sized enterprises (SME)--which are defined by the Small Business Administration's Office of Advocacy as independent businesses with fewer than 500 employees--have petitioned for the imposition of antidumping (AD) and countervailing (CV) duties to seek relief from unfair trade practices. Among the 56 petitions filed between 2007 and 2012, GAO found 21 that included at least 1...
Climate Change: Various Adaptation Efforts Are Under Way at Key Natural Resource Management Agencies
GAO-13-253: Published: May 31, 2013. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 2013.
Since 2007, the Forest Service, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the Fish and Wildlife Service, and the National Park Service have taken steps to establish strategic directions for addressing climate change adaptation. For example, the Forest Service developed a strategic framework document that established climate change adaptation as a central agency priority and anoth...
Spectrum Management: Federal Relocation Costs and Auction Revenues
GAO-13-472: Published: May 22, 2013. Publicly Released: May 22, 2013.
Some federal agencies underestimated the costs to relocate communication systems from the 1710-1755 megahertz (MHz) band, although auction revenues appear to exceed relocation costs by over $5 billion. As of March 2013, actual relocation costs have exceeded estimated costs by about $474 million, or 47 percent. The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) expects agencies t...
Telecommunications Networks: Addressing Potential Security Risks of Foreign-Manufactured Equipment
GAO-13-652T: Published: May 21, 2013. Publicly Released: May 21, 2013.
The network providers and equipment manufacturers GAO spoke with reported taking steps in their security plans and procurement processes to ensure the integrity of parts and equipment obtained from foreign sources. Although these companies do not consider foreign-manufactured equipment to be their most pressing security threat, their brand image and profitability depend on providing secure, reliab...
Climate Change: Future Federal Adaptation Efforts Could Better Support Local Infrastructure Decision Makers
GAO-13-242: Published: Apr 12, 2013. Publicly Released: May 14, 2013.
According to the National Research Council (NRC) and others, infrastructure such as roads and bridges, wastewater systems, and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) centers are vulnerable to changes in the climate. Changes in precipitation and sea levels, as well as increased intensity and frequency of extreme events, are projected by NRC and others to impact infrastructure in a var...
Medicaid: Alternative Measures Could Be Used to Allocate Funding More Equitably
GAO-13-434: Published: May 10, 2013. Publicly Released: May 10, 2013.
GAO identified multiple data sources that could be used to develop measures to allocate Medicaid funding to states more equitably than the current funding formula--known as the Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP)--which is based solely on per capita income (PCI). To be equitable from the perspective of beneficiaries and allow states to provide a comparable level of services to each person...
State and Local Governments' Fiscal Outlook: April 2013 Update
GAO-13-546SP: Published: Apr 29, 2013. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 2013.
GAOs State and Local Fiscal SimulationsFiscal sustainability presents a national challenge shared by all levels of government. Since 2007, GAO has published long-term fiscal simulations for the state and local government sector. These simulations have consistently shown that, like the federal government, the state and local sector faces persistent and long-term fiscal pressures and, absent a...
Spectrum Management: Preliminary Findings on Federal Relocation Costs and Auction Revenues
GAO-13-563T: Published: Apr 24, 2013. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 2013.
Actual costs to relocate federal users from the 1710-1755 megahertz (MHz) band have exceeded the original $1 billion estimate by about $474 million as of March 2013, although auction revenues appear to exceed relocation costs by over $5 billion. Actual relocation costs exceed estimated costs for various reasons, including unforeseen challenges and some agencies not following the National Telecommu...
2020 Census: Local Administrative Records and Their Use in the Challenge Program and Decennial
GAO-13-269: Published: Feb 21, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 2013.
The Census Bureau (Bureau) issued significant changes to rules governing the records that communities use to challenge the Bureau's population estimates. Previously, the Bureau routinely accepted all challenges, largely without regard to the data sources cited or provided so long as they supported the calculations and covered the appropriate reporting periods. According to Bureau officials, these...
Spectrum Management: Further Consideration of Options to Improve Receiver Performance Needed
GAO-13-265: Published: Feb 22, 2013. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 2013.
Manufacturers and commercial licensees have taken a variety of actions to improve receiver performance. For some services, industry associations-- comprised of manufacturers, commercial licensees, and others--have developed voluntary standards that are often used to design and procure receivers, such as those in cell phones and televisions, and to help improve receiver performance. Stakeholders al...