Department of Commerce (71 - 80 of 1,266 items)
Polar Weather Satellites: NOAA Needs To Prepare for Near-term Data Gaps [Reissued on January 16, 2015]
GAO-15-47: Published: Dec 16, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 15, 2015.
The Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) program has recently completed significant development activities and remains within its cost and schedule baselines; however, recent cost growth on key components is likely unsustainable and risks remain that could increase the potential for near-term satellite data gaps. For example, technical issues experienced while developing a key instrument have led t...
Geostationary Weather Satellites: Launch Date Nears, but Remaining Schedule Risks Need to be Addressed
GAO-15-60: Published: Dec 16, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 15, 2015.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)'s Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R (GOES-R) program has made major progress in developing its first satellite, including completing testing of satellite instruments. However, the program continues to face challenges in the areas of schedule, cost, and functionality. Specifically, the program has continued to experience d...
State and Local Governments' Fiscal Outlook: 2014 Update
GAO-15-224SP: Published: Dec 17, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2014.
GAO's State and Local Fiscal SimulationsFiscal sustainability presents a national challenge shared by all levels of government. Since 2007, GAO has published simulations of long-term fiscal trends in the state and local government sector. These simulations have consistently shown that state and local governments face long-term fiscal pressures. Absent any policy changes, the sector will face an in...
Space Acquisitions: DOD Needs More Guidance on Decisions to Store Satellites
GAO-15-97R: Published: Dec 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 9, 2014.
Currently, the Department of Defense’s (DOD) general approach is to launch satellites as soon as they are built. Program offices handle storage on a case-by-case basis based on mission needs and production and launch schedules. Over the last 5 years, DOD generally decided to use storage when satellites on orbit were lasting longer than expected and thereby pushed out the originally planned launc...
Consumer Product Safety Oversight: Opportunities Exist to Strengthen Coordination and Increase Efficiencies and Effectiveness
GAO-15-52: Published: Nov 19, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2014.
GAO identified eight agencies that have direct oversight responsibilities for consumer product safety: the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), Department of Housing and Urban Development, Environmental Protection Agency, Food and Drug Administration, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration,...
NOAA's Observing Systems: Additional Steps Needed to Achieve an Integrated, Cost-Effective Portfolio
GAO-15-96: Published: Nov 17, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2014.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in the Department of Commerce operates 41 ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes observing systems. NOAA's Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research and National Ocean Service manage 25 of these observing systems, with management of the remaining 16 systems split among four other NOAA offices. The majority of NOAA's ocean, coastal, and Great Lak...
Ocean Acidification: Federal Response Under Way, but Actions Needed to Understand and Address Potential Impacts
GAO-14-736: Published: Sep 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 14, 2014.
Ocean acidification could have a variety of potentially significant effects on marine species, ecosystems, and coastal communities, according to six summary reports that GAO reviewed. The reports were developed by federal agencies and others and were based on extensive reviews of the scientific literature. The scientific understanding of these effects, however, is still developing, and uncertainty...
2020 Census: Census Bureau Can Improve Use of Leading Practices When Choosing Address and Mapping Sources
GAO-15-21: Published: Oct 2, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 2, 2014.
The U.S. Census Bureau (Bureau) is working with stakeholders to identify various data sources to meet its address and mapping needs. For example, the Bureau has worked with state, local, and tribal governments and with commercial vendors to identify potential data sources to augment or verify data collected through its Geographic Support System Initiative (GSS-I) program. GSS-I allows government a...
Managing for Results: Agencies' Trends in the Use of Performance Information to Make Decisions
GAO-14-747: Published: Sep 26, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2014.
Agencies' reported use of performance information, as measured by GAO's use of performance information index, generally did not improve between 2007 and 2013. The index was derived from a set of survey questions in the 2007 and 2013 surveys that reflected the extent to which managers reported that their agencies used performance information for various management activities and decision making. GA...
Consumer Financial Protection Bureau: Some Privacy and Security Procedures for Data Collections Should Continue Being Enhanced
GAO-14-758: Published: Sep 22, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2014.
To carry out its statutory responsibilities, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) has collected consumer financial data on credit card accounts, mortgage loans, and other products through one-time or ongoing collections. As the following table shows, these large-scale data collections varied from about 11,000 consumer arbitration case records from a trade association to 173 million mort...