Department of Commerce (81 - 90 of 1,263 items)
Information Management: The National Technical Information Service's Dissemination of Technical Reports Needs Attention
GAO-14-781T: Published: Jul 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 2014.
The Department of Commerce's National Technical Information Service (NTIS) offers a variety of products and information-related services. Its products include a repository of scientific, technical, engineering, and business research reports, which it makes available individually as well as through subscriptions to its reports library. However, from fiscal year 2001 through 2011, costs for NTIS's p...
Coastal Zone Management: Opportunities Exist for NOAA to Enhance Its Use of Performance Information
GAO-14-592: Published: Jul 16, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2014.
During fiscal years 2008 through 2013, the 34 states participating in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Coastal Zone Management Program (CZMP) allocated nearly $400 million in CZMP funds for a variety of activities. States allocated this funding for activities spanning six broad focus areas based on goals outlined in the Coastal Zone Management Act. For example,...
NOAA Aircraft: Aging Fleet and Future Challenges Underscore the Need for a Capital Asset Plan
GAO-14-566: Published: Jul 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 2014.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) within the Department of Commerce has 34 efforts aimed at improving its aircraft asset planning and management, some of which are ongoing, while others are under way or planned; however, because these efforts are not yet fully implemented, it is too early to determine whether they will reflect the leading practices in capital asset managem...
Consumers' Location Data: Companies Take Steps to Protect Privacy, but Practices Are Inconsistent, and Risks May Not be Clear to Consumers
GAO-14-649T: Published: Jun 4, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 2014.
Fourteen mobile industry companies and 10 in-car navigation providers that GAO examined in its 2012 and 2013 reports—including mobile carriers and auto manufacturers with the largest market share and popular application developers—collect location data and use or share them to provide consumers with location-based services and improve consumer services. For example, mobile carriers and applica...
Export Promotion: Trade Agencies Should Enhance Collaboration with State and Local Partners
GAO-14-393: Published: May 21, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 2014.
Federal and state governments share a common interest in promoting exports as a tool for economic growth and creating jobs. Both provide similar and overlapping export promotion services to similar clients, but their staffing, budgetary resources, and ways of measuring performance vary. Located across the country, Department of Commerce (Commerce), Small Business Administration (SBA), and state tr...
Federal Contracts and Grants: Agencies Have Taken Steps to Improve Suspension and Debarment Programs
GAO-14-513: Published: May 21, 2014. Publicly Released: May 21, 2014.
The six agencies GAO reviewed all took action to incorporate characteristics associated with active suspension and debarment programs. Since GAO made recommendations to do so in 2011, the agencies have addressed staffing issues through actions such as defining roles and responsibilities, adding positions, and consolidating suspension and debarment functions. The agencies also have issued formal po...
Reexamining Regulations: Agencies Often Made Regulatory Changes, but Could Strengthen Linkages to Performance Goals
GAO-14-268: Published: Apr 11, 2014. Publicly Released: May 12, 2014.
Agencies often made changes to regulations in response to completed retrospective regulatory analyses, but could improve the reporting of progress. Executive Orders and related implementation guidance from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) require executive agencies, and encourage independent regulatory agencies, to develop and implement retrospective review plans. Agencies use semiannual...
Maritime Infrastructure: Key Issues Related to Commercial Activity in the U.S. Arctic over the Next Decade
GAO-14-299: Published: Mar 19, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 2014.
Commercial U.S. Arctic maritime activities are expected to be limited for the next 10 years, according to industry representatives, due to a variety of factors. Interviews with industry representatives highlighted a variety of general challenges related to operating in the Arctic, such as geography, extreme weather, and hard-to-predict ice floes. Industry-specific factors were also cited as contri...
2020 Census: Prioritized Information Technology Research and Testing Is Needed for Census Design Decisions
GAO-14-389: Published: Apr 3, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 3, 2014.
The Census Bureau (Bureau) has made progress in researching and testing information technology (IT) options for the 2020 Decennial Census, but several of the supporting projects lack schedules and plans, and it is uncertain whether they will be completed in time to inform the decision on the operational design for the 2020 census, planned for September 2015. Specifically, it has begun research on...
Manufacturing Extension Partnership: Most Federal Spending Directly Supports Work with Manufacturers, but Distribution Could Be Improved
GAO-14-317: Published: Mar 27, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 27, 2014.
Of the approximately $608 million spent by the Department of Commerce's (Commerce) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in fiscal years 2009 through 2013 on the Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) program, NIST used most of the funds to directly support MEP centers. Specifically, NIST spent about $495 million on awards to centers and spent the rest on contracts, staff, agenc...