Department of Commerce (51 - 60 of 1,264 items)
2020 Census: Key Information Technology Decisions Must Be Made Soon
GAO-16-205T: Published: Nov 3, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 2015.
GAO has previously reported that the U.S. Census Bureau (Bureau) faces a number of critical challenges in developing and deploying the information technology (IT) systems and infrastructure it plans to rely on to conduct the significantly redesigned 2020 Census. Specifically, the Bureau has a major IT program under way to modernize and consolidate the multiple, duplicative systems it currently use...
2020 Census: Progress Report on Using Administrative Records to Control Enumeration Costs
GAO-16-206T: Published: Nov 3, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 2015.
The U.S. Census Bureau (Bureau) estimates that it can save around $1.4 billion using administrative records, compared to relying solely on traditional enumeration methods. While the Bureau has made some limited use of administrative records during past decennials, it plans to use them much more extensively in 2020 to achieve these savings.For example, the Bureau plans to use administrative records...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: Cybersecurity of the Nation's Electricity Grid Requires Continued Attention
GAO-16-174T: Published: Oct 21, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 21, 2015.
GAO reported in 2011 that several entities—the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and the Department of Energy (DOE)—had taken steps to help secure the electric grid. These included developing cybersecurity standards and oth...
2020 Census: Additional Actions Would Help the Bureau Realize Potential Administrative Records Cost Savings
GAO-16-48: Published: Oct 20, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 2015.
Increased reliance on administrative records—information already provided to the government as it administers other programs—has been discussed since the 1970s as a possible way to improve the quality or reduce the cost of the decennial census, and it may finally play a significant role in the decennial census in 2020. The U.S. Census Bureau (Bureau) estimates that it can save $1.4 billion usi...
Internet Management: Structured Evaluation Could Help Assess Proposed Transition of Key Domain Name and Other Technical Functions
GAO-15-642: Published: Aug 19, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 2015.
The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) announced that it would transition its oversight of the coordination of certain key Internet technical functions (such as the domain name system) to the global multistakeholder community if a suitable transition proposal were developed. In response, several steps were taken to develop a proposal and address identified risks. The...
Federal Low-Income Programs: Multiple Programs Target Diverse Populations and Needs
GAO-15-516: Published: Jul 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2015.
More than 80 federal programs (including 6 tax expenditures) provide aid to people with low incomes, based on GAO's survey of relevant federal agencies. Medicaid (the largest by far), the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Supplemental Security Income (SSI), and the refundable portion of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) comprised almost two-thirds of fiscal year 2013 federal obli...
Facial Recognition Technology: Commercial Uses, Privacy Issues, and Applicable Federal Law
GAO-15-621: Published: Jul 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2015.
Facial recognition technology can be used in numerous consumer and business applications, but the extent of its current use in commercial settings is not fully known. The technology is commonly used in software that manages personal photographs and in social networking applications to identify friends. In addition, several companies use the technology to provide secure access to computers, phones,...
International Trade: The United States and European Union Are the Two Largest Markets Covered by Key Procurement-Related Agreements
GAO-15-717: Published: Jul 29, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2015.
The United States is a party to, or is currently negotiating, international agreements covering government procurement with 60 countries. From 2008 through 2012 these countries together spent on average about $4.4 trillion annually to procure goods and services and to fund capital projects. This represented about a quarter of their total general government expenditures, and includes spending at th...
Inspectors General: Additional Efforts Needed by the Department of Commerce OIG to Address Audit Coverage, Hotline Operations, and Employee Concerns
GAO-15-260: Published: Jun 10, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 10, 2015.
During fiscal years 2011 through 2013, the Department of Commerce (Commerce) Office of Inspector General (OIG) experienced reductions in total budgetary resources from about $47 million to about $41 million, or almost 13 percent, compared to the average reduction of about 6 percent for all other cabinet-level OIGs. The Commerce OIG had a decline of full-time equivalent staff from 171 to 137, or ab...
Missouri River Basin: Agencies' Progress Improving Water Monitoring Is Limited
GAO-15-558R: Published: Jun 9, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 9, 2015.
Federal agencies have made limited progress implementing recommendations to improve snowpack and soil moisture monitoring outlined in a February 2013 interagency report. According to officials from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), although it has not established a time frame for doing so, the Corps plans to develop a document that will describe the mandate from the Water Resources Reform...