Department of Commerce (21 - 30 of 1,263 items)
Federal Information Security: Actions Needed to Address Challenges
GAO-16-885T: Published: Sep 19, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 2016.
Cyber incidents affecting federal agencies have continued to grow, increasing about 1,300 percent from fiscal year 2006 to fiscal year 2015.Cyber Incidents Reported by Federal Agencies, Fiscal Year 2006--2015Several laws and policies establish a framework for the federal government's information security and assign implementation and oversight responsibilities to key federal entities, including th...
Highlights of a Forum: Data and Analytics Innovation: Emerging Opportunities and Challenges
GAO-16-659SP: Published: Sep 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 2016.
What the Participants SaidForum discussions considered the implications of new data-related technologies and developments that are revolutionizing the basic three-step innovation process in the figure below. As massive amounts of varied data become available in many fields, data generation (step 1 in the process) is transformed. Continuing technological advances are bringing more powerful analytic...
Federal Chief Information Security Officers: Opportunities Exist to Improve Roles and Address Challenges to Authority
GAO-16-686: Published: Aug 26, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2016.
Under the Federal Information Security Modernization Act of 2014 (FISMA 2014), the agency chief information security officer (CISO) has the responsibility to ensure that the agency is meeting the requirements of the law, including developing, documenting, and implementing the agency-wide information security program. However, 13 of the 24 agencies GAO reviewed had not fully defined the role of the...
Information Technology Reform: Agencies Need to Increase Their Use of Incremental Development Practices
GAO-16-469: Published: Aug 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2016.
For fiscal year 2016, 22 agencies reported 64 percent of their software development projects would deliver useable functionality every 6 months on the Information Technology (IT) Dashboard, as required by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, shortcomings with OMB's guidance—the lack of clarity regarding the types of projects where incremental development would not apply and how th...
Long-Term Care Workforce: Better Information Needed on Nursing Assistants, Home Health Aides, and Other Direct Care Workers
GAO-16-718: Published: Aug 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2016.
Federal data sources provide a broad picture of direct care workers—nursing assistants and home health, psychiatric, and personal care aides—who provide long-term services and supports (LTSS), but limitations and gaps affect the data's usefulness for workforce planning. Some states have collected data in areas where federal data are limited, but these have been one-time studies. Federal data s...
Supplemental Security Income: SSA Provides Benefits to Multiple Recipient Households but Needs System Changes to Improve Claims Management
GAO-16-674: Published: Aug 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2016.
In May 2013, an estimated 15 percent of the 7.2 million households with blind, aged, and disabled individuals receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI) cash benefits included more than one SSI recipient, according to GAO's data analysis. Of the estimated 1.1 million households with multiple SSI recipients, most included two recipients (953,000) and at least one adult recipient between ages 18 a...
Digital Service Programs: Assessing Results and Coordinating with Chief Information Officers Can Improve Delivery of Federal Projects
GAO-16-602: Published: Aug 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2016.
The General Service Administration's (GSA) 18F and Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) U.S. Digital Service (USDS) have provided a variety of services to agencies supporting their information technology (IT) efforts. Specifically, 18F staff helped 18 agencies with 32 projects and generally provided development and consulting services, including software development solutions and acquisition co...
Environmental Satellites: NOAA Needs to Ensure Its Timelines Are Accurate, Clear, and Fully Documented
GAO-16-767: Published: Sep 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2016.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) process for updating its flyout charts involves obtaining updated information on the health of operational satellites and schedules for new satellites, having relevant individuals review the updated charts, and obtaining approval from a senior NOAA official to publish the charts. This process is partially documented in a 2011 draft polic...
Information Technology: Better Management of Interdependencies between Programs Supporting 2020 Census Is Needed
GAO-16-623: Published: Aug 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2016.
The three selected Census Enterprise Data Collection and Processing (CEDCAP) projects (of 12 total) in GAO's review partially met best practices for monitoring and controlling. For example, the projects fully met the best practice of establishing a process for taking corrective actions if issues are identified, but they did not fully meet the practice of identifying significant performance deviati...
Community Development Block Grants: Sources of Data on Community Income Are Limited
GAO-16-734: Published: Sep 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 2016.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) and states' primary method for communities to demonstrate eligibility when they disagree with HUD's eligibility determination is to allow communities to conduct their own local income surveys to show that they meet the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) income threshold. HUD instructs small communities, known as nonentitlement communiti...