Research, Education and Economics (1 - 10 of 26 items)
Food Stamp Program: Options for Delivering Financial Incentives to Participants for Purchasing Targeted Foods
GAO-08-415: Published: Jul 30, 2008. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2008.
In fiscal year 2007, the Food Stamp Program provided about $30.4 billion in nutrition assistance benefits to 26.5 million individuals. Benefits are issued through Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) cards, similar to debit cards, to purchase eligible foods at authorized retail stores. The diets of many low-income individuals, like the U.S. population overall, do not meet federal dietary guidelines....
USDA: Information on Classical Plant and Animal Breeding Activities
GAO-07-1171R: Published: Sep 13, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 2007.
This report responds to a Congressional request for information on activities related to classical plant and animal breeding--creating an organism with desirable traits through controlled mating and selection without the insertion of genes from another species--that occurs at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Within USDA, the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and the Cooperative State R...
Trade Adjustment Assistance: New Program for Farmers Provides Some Assistance, but Has Had Limited Participation and Low Program Expenditures
GAO-07-201: Published: Dec 18, 2006. Publicly Released: Jan 18, 2007.
While tens of thousands of manufacturing workers have received services through the Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) program, until 2002, farmers and fishermen impacted by imports did not have access to similar assistance. The Trade Act of 2002 (Trade Act) established a new program, TAA for Farmers, administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to provide technical assistance, a cash...
Agriculture Production: USDA's Preparation for Asian Soybean Rust
GAO-05-668R: Published: May 17, 2005. Publicly Released: May 20, 2005.
In November 2004, Asian Soybean Rust (ASR) was discovered in the United States in Louisiana. In the following weeks, it was found in eight additional southern states. ASR is a harmful fungal disease that has spread throughout many other parts of the world, including Asia, Australia, Africa, and South America. ASR can infect over 90 host plant species, including legumes, such as dry beans, peas, an...
Natural Gas: Domestic Nitrogen Fertilizer Production Depends on Natural Gas Availability and Prices
GAO-03-1148: Published: Sep 30, 2003. Publicly Released: Oct 9, 2003.
Natural gas is the most costly component used in manufacturing nitrogen fertilizer. Therefore, when natural gas prices increased in 2000-2001, U.S. companies that produce nitrogen fertilizer reported adverse financial consequences resulting from much higher production costs. Concerns also arose that the nation's farmers would face much higher nitrogen fertilizer prices and that there might not be...
Program Evaluation: Strategies for Assessing How Information Dissemination Contributes to Agency Goals
GAO-02-923: Published: Sep 30, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2002.
Federal agencies are increasingly expected to focus on achieving results and to demonstrate, in annual performance reports and budget requests, how their activities will help achieve agency or governmentwide goals. Assessing a program's impact or benefit is often difficult, but the dissemination programs GAO reviewed faced a number of evaluation challenges--either individually or in common. The br...
Animal Agriculture: Waste Management Practices
RCED-99-205: Published: Jul 1, 1999. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on animal waste management practices, focusing on: (1) waste management practices used in the United States; (2) practices used in other countries; (3) potential new practices based on technologies transferred from other industries; (4) federal financial and technical assistance available to producers for waste management and the proces...
Agriculture In Transition: Farmers' Use of Risk Management Strategies
RCED-99-90: Published: Apr 7, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 7, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) efforts to educate farmers about risk management, focusing on: (1) the extent of farmers' use of risk management tools; and (2) educational programs and projects USDA has directed or initiated to prepare farmers for managing risks and determining the groups or individuals who have participated in or been serve...
Agricultural Research: More Efficient and Accountable System Could Better Respond to New Challenges
T-RCED-97-101: Published: Mar 13, 1997. Publicly Released: Mar 13, 1997.
GAO discussed the U.S. agricultural research system, focusing on what could be done to help the system respond to the challenges faced by the agricultural sector.GAO noted that: (1) while many agricultural research needs have changed, the structure created to meet these needs has remained essentially intact; (2) in fiscal year (FY) 1996, the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) allocated over $67 m...
Impoundments: Comments on Proposed Deferrals of Fiscal Year 1996 Budget Authority
OGC-96-5: Published: Apr 16, 1996. Publicly Released: Apr 16, 1996.
GAO reviewed nine rescissions of budget authority, three deferrals of budget authority, and two revised deferrals of budget authority included in the President's second, third, and fourth special impoundment messages for fiscal year 1996.GAO found that all of the deferrals and rescissions are in accordance with the Impoundment Control Act. GAO also provided specific information on seven of the def...