Food Safety and Inspection Service (21 - 30 of 63 items)
Humane Methods of Slaughter Act: USDA Has Addressed Some Problems but Still Faces Enforcement Challenges
GAO-04-247: Published: Jan 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Jan 30, 2004.
In 1978, the Congress passed the Humane Methods of Slaughter Act to ensure that cattle, sheep, hogs, and other animals destined for human consumption are handled and slaughtered humanely. Within the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is responsible for enforcing the act. Recently, the Congress took additional actions to improve FSIS enforcement. GA...
Meat and Poultry: Better USDA Oversight and Enforcement of Safety Rules Needed to Reduce Risk of Foodborne Illnesses
GAO-02-902: Published: Aug 30, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 2002.
Every year, some meat and poultry products are contaminated with microbial pathogens--such as Salmonella and E. coli--that cause foodborne illnesses and deaths. To improve the safety of meat and poultry products, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) introduced additional regulatory requirements for meat and poultry plants. These requirements are int...
Food Safety: Overview of Federal and State Expenditures
GAO-01-177: Published: Feb 20, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 22, 2001.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), and the state agriculture and health departments spent about $1.3 billion in fiscal year 1999. FSIS and FDA spent about $1 billion, and the states reported spending about $300 million. The amounts and proportions of food safety expenditures for fiscal year 1998 were similar. Regarding the $1 billion in federal f...
Food Irradiation: Available Research Indicates That Benefits Outweigh Risks
RCED-00-217: Published: Aug 24, 2000. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the benefits and risks of food irradiation, focusing on the: (1) extent and the purposes for which food irradiation is being used in the United States; and (2) scientifically supported benefits and risks of food irradiation.GAO noted that: (1) to date, only limited amounts of irradiated foods have been sold in the United States; (2) irradiated spic...
Food and Commodities: Federal Purchases and Major Regulations That Potentially Affect Prices Paid
RCED-00-173R: Published: Jun 15, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the federal government's food and commodity purchases, focusing on: (1) details about federal agencies' purchases of food and agricultural commodities from fiscal year (FY) 1997 through FY 1999; and (2) information on major regulations that may affect the prices paid by these agencies for these products.GAO noted that: (1) five agenc...
Beef and Lamb: Implications of Labeling by Country of Origin
RCED-00-44: Published: Jan 27, 2000. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on mandatory country-of-origin labelling for beef and lamb, focusing on the potential: (1) compliance costs associated with mandatory country-of-origin labelling for fresh and processed beef and lamb; (2) enforcement costs associated with such a requirement; (3) trade issues associated with such a requirement; and (4) benefits of mandat...
Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service: Irradiation of Meat Food Products
OGC-00-16: Published: Jan 12, 2000. Publicly Released: Jan 12, 2000.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Food Safety and Inspection Service's (FSIS) new rule on the irradiation of meat and meat food products. GAO noted that: (1) the final rule amends the FSIS rules to permit the use of ionizing radiation for treating refrigerated or frozen uncooked meat, meat byproducts, and certain other meat food products to reduce levels of foodborne pathogen...
Meat and Poultry: Improved Oversight and Training Will Strengthen New Food Safety System
RCED-00-16: Published: Dec 8, 1999. Publicly Released: Dec 8, 1999.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) efforts to improve the safety of meat and poultry products, focusing on whether: (1) the system adopted by USDA in its regulations is consistent with the seven Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) principles endorsed by the National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods; (2)...
Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Readiness of USDA High-Impact Programs Improving, But More Action Is Needed
AIMD-99-284: Published: Sep 30, 1999. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) actions to ensure the year 2000 readiness of its high impact food assistance and food safety programs.GAO noted that: (1) although USDA's lead agencies have taken actions and made progress in ensuring the year 2000 readiness of high impact programs assigned to them, USDA's Food and Nutrition Service and USDA's...
Food Safety: U.S. Lacks a Consistent Farm-to-Table Approach to Egg Safety
RCED-99-184: Published: Jul 1, 1999. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the adequacy of the system for ensuring the safety of eggs, focusing on whether: (1) a prevention-based approach to food safety has been applied to egg production and processing; (2) a new federal policy on egg refrigeration will effectively reduce the risks associated with contaminated eggs; (3) federal and state policies on serving eggs to vulner...