Food Safety and Inspection Service (11 - 20 of 63 items)
Humane Methods of Slaughter Act: Actions Are Needed to Strengthen Enforcement
GAO-10-203: Published: Feb 19, 2010. Publicly Released: Mar 4, 2010.
Concerns about the humane handling and slaughter of livestock have grown; for example, a 2009 video showed employees at a Vermont slaughter plant skinning and decapitating conscious 1-week old veal calves. The Humane Methods of Slaughter Act of 1978, as amended (HMSA) prohibits the inhumane treatment of livestock in connection with slaughter and requires that animals be rendered insensible to pain...
Humane Methods of Slaughter Act: Weaknesses in USDA Enforcement
GAO-10-487T: Published: Mar 4, 2010. Publicly Released: Mar 4, 2010.
This testimony discusses our work on the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) actions to enforce the Humane Methods of Slaughter Act of 1978 (HMSA), as amended, which prohibits the inhumane treatment of livestock in slaughter plants and generally requires that animals be rendered insensible--that is, unable to feel pain--before being slaughtered. USDA's Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)...
Humane Methods of Slaughter Act: USDA Inspectors' Views on Enforcement (GAO-10-244SP), February 2010, an E-supplement to GAO-10-203
GAO-10-244SP: Published: Feb 17, 2010. Publicly Released: Feb 17, 2010.
This is an E-supplement to GAO-10-203. It presents the results of GAO's 2009 Survey of Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) Inspectors-in-Charge. The purpose of the Web-based survey was to collect nationwide information on inspectors' experiences and challenges with enforcing the Humane Methods of Slaughter Act (HMSA). We surveyed inspectors from a random probability sample of 257 slaughter e...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Internal Control Would Improve Accountability for Certain Centrally Provided (Greenbook) Programs
GAO-10-82: Published: Oct 20, 2009. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 2009.
The Senate report accompanying the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) fiscal year 2008 appropriations expressed concern that USDA's Greenbook charges--the transfer of funds authority USDA used to charge the appropriations accounts of its agencies and staff offices for programs to centrally provide certain services--had grown excessively. USDA's Office of the Chief Financial Officer (OCFO) ove...
Food Safety: Agencies Need to Address Gaps in Enforcement and Collaboration to Enhance Safety of Imported Food
GAO-09-873: Published: Sep 15, 2009. Publicly Released: Oct 14, 2009.
Imported food makes up a substantial and growing portion of the U.S. food supply. To ensure imported food safety, federal agencies must focus their resources on high risk foods and coordinate efforts. In this context, GAO was asked to (1) assess how Customs and Border Protection (CBP), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) Food Safety and Inspect...
School Meal Programs: Changes to Federal Agencies' Procedures Could Reduce Risk of School Children Consuming Recalled Food
GAO-09-649: Published: Aug 20, 2009. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2009.
Over the past few years, several food recalls, such as for beef and peanut products, have affected schools. It is especially important that recalls affecting schools be carried out efficiently and effectively because young children have a higher risk of complications from food-borne illnesses. GAO was asked to determine how federal agencies (1) notified states and schools about food recalls, (2) a...
Veterinarian Workforce: The Federal Government Lacks a Comprehensive Understanding of Its Capacity to Protect Animal and Public Health
GAO-09-424T: Published: Feb 26, 2009. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 2009.
Veterinarians play an essential role in the defense against animal diseases, some of which can have serious repercussions for the health of animals, humans, and the economy. More than half of the federal veterinarians work in the Departments of Agriculture (USDA) and Health and Human Services (HHS). However, there is a growing national shortage of veterinarians. This testimony focuses primarily on...
Veterinarian Workforce: Actions Are Needed to Ensure Sufficient Capacity for Protecting Public and Animal Health
GAO-09-178: Published: Feb 4, 2009. Publicly Released: Feb 18, 2009.
Veterinarians are essential for controlling zoonotic diseases--which spread between animals and humans--such as avian influenza. Most federal veterinarians work in the Departments of Agriculture (USDA), Defense (DOD), and Health and Human Services (HHS). However, there is a growing national shortage of veterinarians. GAO determined the extent to which (1) the federal government has assessed the su...
Humane Methods of Handling and Slaughter: Public Reporting on Violations Can Identify Enforcement Challenges and Enhance Transparency
GAO-08-686T: Published: Apr 17, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 17, 2008.
In fiscal year 2007, more than 150 million cattle, sheep, and other animals destined for human consumption were slaughtered in the United States. The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service is responsible for enforcing the Humane Methods of Slaughter Act (HMSA), which mandates that animals are handled and slaughtered humanely. GAO reported on USDA's efforts to en...
Food Safety: Experiences of Seven Countries in Consolidating Their Food Safety Systems
GAO-05-212: Published: Feb 22, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 2005.
The safety and quality of the U.S. food supply are governed by a complex system that is administered by 15 agencies. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), have primary responsibility for food safety. Many legislative proposals have been made to consolidate the U.S. food safety system, but to d...