Economic Research Service (11 - 20 of 37 items)
Dairy Industry: Information on Milk Prices and Changing Market Structure
GAO-01-561: Published: Jun 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2001.
Each year the United States produces about 7 billion gallons of fluid drinking milk that generate $22 billion in retail sales. Farmers, cooperatives, wholesale milk processors, and retailers all work to move milk from the dairy farm to the consumer. Each of these entities performs a distinct function in the production, processing, distribution, and sale of milk, and each receives a portion of the...
Agricultural Trade: Impacts of the Andean Trade Preference Act on Asparagus Producers and Consumers
GAO-01-315: Published: Mar 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 2001.
U.S. asparagus imports increased in the 1990s and now comprise nearly one-half of the asparagus consumed in the United States. Peru is the second largest source of imported asparagus and benefits from duty-free treatment under the Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA). ATPA is estimated to have displaced between two and eight percent of the value of domestic production from what it would have been wi...
Food Irradiation: Available Research Indicates That Benefits Outweigh Risks
RCED-00-217: Published: Aug 24, 2000. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the benefits and risks of food irradiation, focusing on the: (1) extent and the purposes for which food irradiation is being used in the United States; and (2) scientifically supported benefits and risks of food irradiation.GAO noted that: (1) to date, only limited amounts of irradiated foods have been sold in the United States; (2) irradiated spic...
Sugar Program: Supporting Sugar Prices Has Increased Users' Costs While Benefiting Producers
RCED-00-126: Published: Jun 9, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 9, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO estimated the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) sugar program's: (1) costs to domestic sweetener users; (2) benefits to domestic sugar and high-fructose corn syrup producers; and (3) net effects on the U.S. economy--the differences between the costs to users and the benefits to producers that result from artificially high sweetener prices.GAO noted that: (...
Biotechnology: Information on Prices of Genetically Modified Seeds in the United States and Argentina
RCED/NSIAD-00-55: Published: Jan 21, 2000. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the pricing of genetically modified seeds, focusing on the: (1) prices of Roundup Ready soybean seeds and Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn seeds in the United States and Argentina; and (2) major reasons for the price differences, if any, between the two countries for these seeds.GAO noted that: (1) in 1998, available data indicate th...
Beef and Lamb: Implications of Labeling by Country of Origin
RCED-00-44: Published: Jan 27, 2000. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on mandatory country-of-origin labelling for beef and lamb, focusing on the potential: (1) compliance costs associated with mandatory country-of-origin labelling for fresh and processed beef and lamb; (2) enforcement costs associated with such a requirement; (3) trade issues associated with such a requirement; and (4) benefits of mandat...
Pork Industry: USDA's Reported Prices Have Not Reflected Actual Sales
RCED-00-26: Published: Dec 14, 1999. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) reports on how the pork industry's sharp decline in prices does not reflect pork prices at the retail level, focusing on the: (1) structural changes in the pork industry that have occurred since the 1980s and their effect on production and marketing; (2) reasons for the sudden and rapid decline in prices paid...
Community Development: Extent of Federal Influence on 'Urban Sprawl' Is Unclear
RCED-99-87: Published: Apr 30, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the contribution of federal programs and policies to urban sprawl, focusing on: (1) the origins and implications of urban sprawl; (2) evidence that exists on the influence of federal programs and policies on urban sprawl; and (3) regulatory review and coordination mechanisms evaluating and mitigating the effects of federal actions on urban sprawl.G...
U.S. Agriculture: Grain Fungus Creates Financial Distress for North Dakota Barley Producers
RCED-99-59: Published: Mar 22, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 21, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the effect of scab and vomitoxin on North Dakota barley crops, focusing on: (1) the financial impact from scab and vomitoxin on barley farmers; (2) the performance of vomitoxin test methods; and (3) short- and long-term actions that could help reduce the impact of scab and vomitoxin on North Dakota barley farmers.GAO noted that: (1) North Dakota ba...
Crop Insurance: USDA's Progress in Expanding Insurance for Specialty Crops
RCED-99-67: Published: Apr 16, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 16, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the availability of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) federal crop insurance for specialty crops, focusing on: (1) USDA's recent progress in expanding coverage to specialty crops; (2) the new marketing practices insurance companies have introduced for specialty crops and the potential advantages and disadvantages of the practices, including th...