Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (1 - 10 of 31 items) in Custom Date Range
High-Containment Laboratories: Actions Needed to Mitigate Risk of Potential Exposure and Release of Dangerous Pathogens
GAO-16-871T: Published: Sep 23, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2016.
The total number of incidents involving incomplete inactivation--a process to destroy the hazardous effects of pathogens while retaining characteristics for future use--that occurred from 2003 through 2015 is unknown for several reasons. One key reason is that the Select Agent Program--operated by the Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS) and Agriculture (USDA) to oversee certain dangerou...
High-Containment Laboratories: Improved Oversight of Dangerous Pathogens Needed to Mitigate Risk
GAO-16-642: Published: Aug 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2016.
The total number of incidents involving incomplete inactivation—a process to destroy the hazardous effects of pathogens while retaining characteristics for future use—that occurred from 2003 through 2015 is unknown for several reasons. One key reason is that the Select Agent Program—operated by the Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS) and Agriculture (USDA) to oversee certain dange...
Homeland Security: An Overall Strategy Is Needed to Strengthen Disease Surveillance in Livestock and Poultry
GAO-13-424: Published: May 21, 2013. Publicly Released: May 21, 2013.
What GAO FoundUnder a new approach, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has begun broadening its previous disease-by-disease approach to disease surveillance to one in which the agency monitors the overall health of livestock and poultry and uses additional sources and types of data to better detect and control new or reemerging diseases...
Overlap and Duplication: Federal Inspections of Entities Registered with the Select Agent Program
GAO-13-154: Published: Jan 31, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 4, 2013.
About 15 percent of entities registered to work with select agents were subject to inspection overlap (multiple federal agencies inspecting within a 2-year period). Entities experiencing overlap tended to be larger ones, with more laboratories, principal investigators, and staff. Although there was overlap between Department of Transportation (DOT) inspections and those of the Centers for Disease...
Agricultural Quarantine Inspection Fees: Major Changes Needed to Align Fee Revenues with Program Costs
GAO-13-268: Published: Mar 1, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 1, 2013.
GAO's analysis of the Agricultural Quarantine Inspection (AQI) fee and cost data revealed a more than $325 million gap between fee revenues and total program costs in fiscal year 2011, or 38 percent of AQI program costs. The program, which is co-administered by the Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Customs...
Live Animal Imports: Agencies Need Better Collaboration to Reduce the Risk of Animal-Related Diseases
GAO-11-9: Published: Nov 8, 2010. Publicly Released: Nov 8, 2010.
The United States legally imported more than 1 billion live animals from 2005 through 2008. With increased trade and travel, zoonotic diseases (transmitted between animals and humans) and animal diseases can emerge anywhere and spread rapidly. The importation of live animals is governed by five principal statutes and implemented by four agencies. GAO was asked to examine, among other things, (1) p...
Biological Laboratories: Design and Implementation Considerations for Safety Reporting Systems
GAO-10-850: Published: Sep 10, 2010. Publicly Released: Oct 12, 2010.
As the number of biological labs increases, so too do the safety risks for lab workers. Data on these risks--collected through a safety reporting system (SRS) from reports of hazards, incidents, and accidents--can support safety efforts. However, no such system exists for all biological labs, and a limited system--managed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Animal and P...
Animal Welfare: USDA's Oversight of Dealers of Random Source Dogs and Cats Would Benefit from Additional Management Information and Analysis
GAO-10-945: Published: Sep 24, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 24, 2010.
For decades, the public has been concerned that lost or stolen dogs and cats could be used in research. The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is responsible for the licensing and oversight of dealers who provide animals for research. Random source Class B dealers--who generally obtain dogs and cats for research from individuals, pounds, and...
Yellowstone Bison: Interagency Plan and Agencies' Management Need Improvement to Better Address Bison-Cattle Brucellosis Controversy
GAO-08-291: Published: Mar 7, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 2, 2008.
Federal and Montana state agencies have long been entangled in controversy over bison leaving Yellowstone National Park. Some of these bison, as well as elk and other wildlife, have a contagious disease called brucellosis, which can cause pregnant animals to abort. Montana livestock owners and government officials fear that if bison are allowed to leave the park, the disease could spread to cattle...
Agricultural Quarantine Inspection Program: Management Problems May Increase Vulnerability of U.S. Agriculture to Foreign Pests and Diseases
GAO-08-96T: Published: Oct 3, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 3, 2007.
U.S. agriculture generates over $1 trillion in economic activity annually, but concerns exist about its vulnerability to foreign pests and diseases. Under the agricultural quarantine inspection (AQI) program, passengers and cargo are inspected at U.S. ports of entry to intercept prohibited material and pests. The Homeland Security Act of 2002 transferred responsibility for inspections from the U.S...