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Executive (131 - 140 of 32,189 items)
Child Care: Access to Subsidies and Strategies to Manage Demand Vary Across States
GAO-17-60: Published: Dec 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2016.
According to GAO's analysis of nationwide data for an average month in 2011-2012 approximately 8.6 million children under age 13 were estimated to be eligible for subsidies under the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program based on policies in their states, and about 1.5 million received them. When compared with all eligible children, those receiving subsidies tended to be younger (under ag...
Medicare: Initial Results of Revised Process to Screen Providers and Suppliers, and Need for Objectives and Performance Measures
GAO-17-42: Published: Nov 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2016.
GAO's analysis of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' (CMS) Medicare enrollment data found that CMS used its revised enrollment screening process to screen and revalidate over 2.4 million unique new applications and existing enrollment records. GAO's analysis showed that the screening resulted in over 23,000 new applications being denied or rejected and over 703,000 existing enrollment r...
Mortgage-Related Assets: Capital Requirements Vary Depending on Type of Asset
GAO-17-93: Published: Dec 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2016.
Rules for capital adequacy require banks to hold a percentage of their assets as capital to act as a financial cushion to absorb unexpected losses. Under current rules, banks must hold capital equal to at least 8 percent of risk-weighted assets. Since the early 1990s, U.S. federal banking regulators have used a risk-weighting system under which banks multiply asset amounts by factors, known as ris...
Newborn Screening Timeliness: Most States Had Not Met Screening Goals, but Some Are Developing Strategies to Address Barriers
GAO-17-196: Published: Dec 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2016.
Most states that reported timeliness data had not screened newborns within recommended goals to detect conditions that may require treatment. The Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children recommended time-frame goals in 2015 for newborn screening, such as reporting all results within 7 days of birth. Data provided by 38 states...
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: Results of Enrollment Testing for the 2016 Special Enrollment Period
GAO-17-78: Published: Nov 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2016.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) requires that federal and state-based marketplaces verify application information—such as citizenship or immigration status—to determine eligibility for enrollment in a health plan, potentially including a subsidy. However, there is no specific legal requirement to verify the events that trigger a Special Enrollment Period (SEP), which is...
Rule of Law Assistance: DOD Should Assess Workforce Size of Defense Institute of International Legal Studies
GAO-17-118: Published: Dec 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 2016.
For fiscal years 2013 through 2016, the Defense Institute of International Legal Studies (DIILS) conducted over 500 rule of law events in almost 100 countries, and it assessed the quality of its assistance in a variety of ways. DIILS provides three types of assistance: (1) core rule of law training in the United States and abroad, (2) defense institution-building, and (3) statutorily required huma...
Air Traffic Control: Experts' and Stakeholders' Views on Key Issues to Consider in a Potential Restructuring [Reissued on December 9, 2016]
GAO-17-131: Published: Oct 13, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2016.
Experts, aviation stakeholders, and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) officials GAO spoke to said that if Congress decides to remove air traffic control (ATC) from the FAA, many issues should be considered. Key issues identified, consistent with GAO's past work, relate to: (1) organizational management, (2) funding and financing, and (3) transition time and related costs.First, organizational...
Medicare Value-Based Payment Models: Participation Challenges and Available Assistance for Small and Rural Practices
GAO-17-55: Published: Dec 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 9, 2016.
Based on a review of literature and interviews with 38 stakeholders, GAO identified challenges faced by small and rural physician practices when participating in Medicare's new payment models. These models, known as value-based payment models, are intended to reward health care providers for resource use and quality, rather than volume, of services. The challenges identified are in five key topic...
Permanent Funding Authorities: Some Selected Entities Should Review Financial Management, Oversight, and Transparency Policies
GAO-17-59: Published: Dec 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 9, 2016.
Permanent authorities to collect and obligate fees, fines, penalties and other funds without further congressional action vary in the degree to which Congress retains control over collections and obligations or delegates control to the entities that administer them. For the purposes of this report, GAO refers to these legal authorities as permanent funding authorities. GAO examined five case studi...
Prescription Drug Labels: Actions Needed to Increase Awareness of Best Practices for Accessible Labels for Individuals Who are Blind or Visually Impaired
GAO-17-115: Published: Dec 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 9, 2016.
GAO found that some pharmacies can provide accessible prescription drug labels, which include labels in audible, braille, and large print formats and are affixed to prescription drug containers.Mail order pharmacies: Four pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs) used by large insurers that GAO contacted reported that they can provide accessible labels through their mail order pharmacies.Retail pharmacies...