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Drug Compounding: FDA Has Taken Steps to Implement Compounding Law, but Some States and Stakeholders Reported Challenges
GAO-17-64: Published: Nov 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
GAO's survey of state pharmacy regulatory bodies found that drugs are compounded in a variety of health care settings, and some data are collected on the number of entities that compound drugs (drug compounders), but not the volume of compounded drugs. In addition to pharmacies, drug compounding settings include physicians' offices and outsourcing facilities—a new type of facility established by...
Federal Housing Finance Agency: Objectives Needed for the Future of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac After Conservatorships
GAO-17-92: Published: Nov 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) issued a new strategic plan for the conservatorships of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (the enterprises) in 2014 with reformulated goals and supporting actions that reflect a shift in priorities and changing market conditions. While the three goals in the 2014 strategic plan are broadly similar to those in the previous plan issued in 2012, FHFA changed the wei...
Hazardous Materials Rail Shipments: Emergency Responders Receive Support, but DOT Could Improve Oversight of Information Sharing
GAO-17-91: Published: Nov 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
Emergency planners from most of the 25 selected counties in 17 states that GAO surveyed reported that training for responders and information about rail shipments of hazardous materials affect preparedness. Emergency planners from almost all of the selected counties reported that a majority of the emergency response personnel, such as fire fighters, who arrive first at an accident receive basic tr...
Indian Energy Development: Additional Actions by Federal Agencies Are Needed to Overcome Factors Hindering Development
GAO-17-43: Published: Nov 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
Two key federal initiatives led by the Department of the Interior (Interior)—the interagency White House Council on Native American Affairs’ Energy Subgroup (Energy Subgroup) and Interior’s Indian Energy Service Center (Service Center)—were implemented to help improve collaboration and the effectiveness of federal efforts to fulfill management responsibilities for Indian lands, assist trib...
Next Generation Air Transportation System: Information on Expenditures, Schedule, and Cost Estimates, Fiscal Years 2004 -- 2030
GAO-17-241R: Published: Nov 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is leading the implementation of the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen), a long-term initiative to transform the current radar-based air transportation system into one that uses satellite navigation, automated aircraft position reporting, and digital communications. From fiscal year 2004 through fiscal year 2016, FAA has received approxima...
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: More Information on Promising Practices Could Enhance States' Use of Data Matching for Eligibility
GAO-17-111: Published: Oct 19, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
In administering the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), all state SNAP agencies verify household income by conducting multiple data matches, which they find useful for detecting potential discrepancies related to SNAP eligibility (see figure below), according to GAO's survey of all state SNAP directors. Most states reported that particularly useful data matches provided current info...
Weapon System Requirements: Detailed Systems Engineering Prior to Product Development Positions Programs for Success
GAO-17-77: Published: Nov 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
GAO's analysis of nine case studies identified four factors that frame the challenge posed by a given weapon system's requirements: acquisition approach, technology status, design maturity, and system interdependency. Systems engineering is the primary means for determining whether and how that challenge can be met. It is a disciplined learning process that translates requirements into specific de...
Youth with Autism: Roundtable Views of Services Needed During the Transition into Adulthood
GAO-17-109: Published: Oct 18, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) transitioning to adulthood may need a wide range of services and supports to help them achieve their goals, according to a panel GAO convened in March 2016. ASD is a highly individualized condition with characteristics that vary in degree and type from person to person. Autism characteristics may hinder or help youth achieve their goals—such as postsecon...
Decennial Census: Progress Report on Preparations for 2020
GAO-17-238T: Published: Nov 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 2016.
GAO preliminarily found that during the 2016 Census Test, nonresponse follow-up (NRFU), where enumerators visit households that did not respond to the census, generally proceeded according to the Census Bureau's (Bureau) operational plans. However, data at both test sites indicate that the Bureau experienced a large number of non-interviews. The Bureau considers non-interviews to be cases where ei...
Information Technology: Uncertainty Remains about the Bureau's Readiness for a Key Decennial Census Test
GAO-17-221T: Published: Nov 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 2016.
The U.S. Census Bureau's (Bureau) 2020 Decennial Census program is heavily dependent upon the Census Enterprise Data Collection and Processing (CEDCAP) program to deliver the key systems needed to support the 2020 redesign. CEDCAP is a complex modernization program intended to deliver a system-of-systems for the Bureau's survey data collection and processing functions. In August 2016, GAO reported...