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Other, Executive Office of the President, Executive (11 - 20 of 20 items)
World Trade Organization: First-Year U.S. Efforts to Monitor China's Compliance
GAO-03-461: Published: Mar 31, 2003. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2003.
China's December 2001 membership in the World Trade Organization created substantial opportunities for U.S. companies seeking to expand into China's vast market, and for significant reforms within China at all levels of government. However, the benefits of China's membership in the World Trade Organization are contingent on China's successful implementation of its commitments. In recognizing this...
Free Trade Area of the Americas: Negotiations at Key Juncture on Eve of April Meetings
GAO-01-552: Published: Mar 30, 2001. Publicly Released: Apr 2, 2001.
The negotiations to establish a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), which would eliminate tariffs and create common trade and investment rules within the 34 democratic nations of the Western Hemisphere, are among the most significant ongoing multilateral trade negotiations for the United States. Two meetings held in April 2001 offer opportunities to inject momentum and set an ambitious pace fo...
Agriculture Trade Agreements: Selected Implementation Issues
T-NSIAD-98-106: Published: Feb 26, 1998. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 1998.
GAO discussed the implementation of certain agricultural provisions of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), focusing on: (1) the impact of measures to protect human, animal or plant life or health--referred to as sanitary and phytosantiary (SPS) measures; and (2) state trading enterprises (STEs).GAO noted that: (1)...
Agricultural Exports: U.S. Needs a More Integrated Approach to Address Sanitary/Phytosanitary Issues
NSIAD-98-32: Published: Dec 11, 1997. Publicly Released: Jan 16, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the: (1) extent to which foreign sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures may unfairly restrict U.S. agricultural exports; and (2) federal structure and approach for addressing such measures.GAO noted that: (1) despite growing concerns that certain foreign sanitary or phytosanitary measures may be inconsistent with World Trade Organ...
Trade Liberalization: Western Hemisphere Trade Issues Confronting the United States
NSIAD-97-119: Published: Jul 21, 1997. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on efforts to liberalize trade among the countries of the Western Hemisphere, focusing on: (1) the principal existing subregional trade arrangements in the Western Hemisphere; (2) the current status of Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) discussions; and (3) certain recent developments in regional trade liberalization outside the FTA...
Executive Branch Identification of Discrimination in Foreign Government Procurement
T-NSIAD-90-35: Published: May 1, 1990. Publicly Released: May 1, 1990.
GAO discussed executive branch efforts to identify foreign countries that discriminated against U.S. firms in their government procurement practices. GAO noted that: (1) the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) was responsible for preparing an annual report regarding such practices, negotiating with countries to correct those practices, and imposing sanctions that would limit access to U.S. government...
Agricultural Trade Negotiations: Initial Phase of the Uruguay Round
NSIAD-88-144BR: Published: May 5, 1988. Publicly Released: May 25, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the multilateral trade negotiations regarding the liberalization of agricultural trade, focusing on the: (1) structure of the negotiation process; (2) reactions to the U.S. proposal and those of other major participants; and (3) progress made to date.GAO found that the Department of Agriculture and the Office of the U.S. Trade Rep...
International Trade: Activity Under Section 201 of the Trade Act of 1974
NSIAD-87-96FS: Published: Mar 30, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 30, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on cases initiated pursuant to the Trade Act of 1974, under which U.S. industries may seek relief from import competition.GAO found that: (1) 60 act investigations were completed during the period January 1975 through January 1987; (2) the International Trade Commission found injury in 33 cases and recommended tariffs in two-thirds o...
The Impact of Exchange Rate Changes on U.S. Trade Laws and the GATT System
130410: Jul 17, 1986
GAO discussed how exchange rates influence the effectiveness of U.S. trade laws and the international trading system, specifically the compatibility of U.S. antidumping duty and countervailing duty provisions and the international trading system's rules with the floating exchange rate. GAO noted that: (1) exchange rate changes do not reduce the effectiveness of duty provisions, but exchange rate a...
Benefits of International Agreement on Trade-Distorting Subsidies Not Yet Realized
NSIAD-83-10: Published: Aug 15, 1983. Publicly Released: Aug 15, 1983.
GAO reviewed U.S. efforts to reduce and eliminate the adverse effects of trade-related subsidy practices of foreign governments.GAO found that the United States wanted stronger rules on the use of subsidies and better procedures for resolving subsidy-related disputes between governments. It appears to have achieved these goals with the Subsidies Agreement; however, the emphasis of the agreement is...