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International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Multinational (1 - 10 of 18 items)
Millennium Challenge Corporation: Summary Fact Sheets for 11 Compacts Entered into Force
GAO-08-1145R: Published: Sep 26, 2008. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2008.
The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), now in its fourth year of operations, is to provide aid to developing countries that have demonstrated a commitment to ruling justly, encouraging economic freedom, and investing in people. MCC provides assistance to eligible countries through multiyear compact agreements to fund specific programs targeted at reducing poverty and stimulating economic grow...
Food Insecurity Persists in Sub-Saharan Africa despite Efforts to Halve Hunger by 2015
GAO-08-1007R: Published: Jul 17, 2008. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 2008.
At the 1996 World Food Summit (WFS) in Rome, the United States and more than 180 world leaders pledged to halve the total number of undernourished people worldwide from the 1990 level---a commitment that they reaffirmed in 2000 when they established the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), which included a target to halve the proportion or the percentage of the world's population that is undernouri...
Stabilizing and Rebuilding Iraq: Serious Challenges Confront U.S. Efforts to Build the Capacity of Iraqi Ministries
GAO-08-124T: Published: Oct 4, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 4, 2007.
The development of competent and loyal government ministries is critical to stabilizing and rebuilding Iraq. The ministries are Iraq's largest employer, with an estimated 2.2 million government workers. U.S. efforts to build the capacity of Iraqi ministries include programs to advise and help Iraqi government employees develop the skills to plan programs, execute budgets, and effectively deliver s...
Influenza Pandemic: Efforts to Forestall Onset Are Under Way; Identifying Countries at Greatest Risk Entails Challenges
GAO-07-604: Published: Jun 20, 2007. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 2007.
Since 2003, a global epidemic of avian influenza has raised concern about the risk of an influenza pandemic among humans, which could cause millions of deaths. The United States and its international partners have begun implementing a strategy to forestall (prevent or delay) a pandemic and prepare to cope should one occur. Disease experts generally agree that the risk of a pandemic strain emerging...
Foreign Assistance: Lessons Learned From Donors' Experiences in the Pacific Region
GAO-01-808: Published: Aug 17, 2001. Publicly Released: Sep 17, 2001.
Australia, Japan, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States have been the major providers of bilateral development assistance to the Pacific Island nations since 1987. The Asian Development Bank and the European Union have been the major multilateral donors. The donors' main development objectives, according to the planning documents, have been to alleviate poverty and to set the Paci...
Global Health: Challenges in Improving Infectious Disease Surveillance Systems
GAO-01-722: Published: Aug 31, 2001. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2001.
According to the World Health Organization, infectious diseases account for more than 13 million deaths every year, including nearly two-thirds of all deaths among children under age 5. Infectious diseases present a substantial threat to people in all parts of the world, and this threat has grown in volume and complexity. New diseases have emerged, others once viewed as declining in significance h...
Global Health: Framework for Infectious Disease Surveillance
NSIAD-00-205R: Published: Jul 20, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 24, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the global infectious disease surveillance framework, (with particular emphasis on its operations in developing countries), focusing on: (1) functions involved in infectious disease surveillance and response framework.GAO noted that: (1) primary functions in infectious disease surveillance include detecting and reporting cases of disease in target...
Global Health: Summary of Conference on Immunization in Developing Countries
NSIAD-00-95: Published: Mar 1, 2000. Publicly Released: Mar 1, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO issued a report on factors that limit access to vaccines for children in developing countries, focusing on: (1) shifting donor priorities; (2) inadequate infrastructure and insufficient information for decision-making; and (3) the relatively high cost of newer vaccines.GAO noted that: (1) GAO convened a conference in Washington, D.C. in order to provide Con...
Global Health: The U.S. and U.N. Response to the AIDS Crisis in Africa
T-NSIAD-00-99: Published: Feb 24, 2000. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed its recent reports concerning the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa, focusing on: (1) the social and economic implications of AIDS in Africa; and (2) efforts to combat the disease by the United States and the United Nations.GAO noted that: (1) despite some breakthroughs in tre...
International Affairs: Activities of Domestic Agencies
T-NSIAD-98-174: Published: Jun 4, 1998. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 1998.
GAO discussed: (1) the nature and magnitude of U.S. international involvement through programs and activities funded in accounts other than the international affairs budget account (150 account), including examples of the associated activities and the agencies; (2) the increasing participation of domestic agencies in international activities and the complexities of this involvement; and (3) how th...