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Foreign Agricultural Service, Department of Agriculture, Executive (1 - 10 of 13 items)
International Food Assistance: Key Issues for Congressional Oversight
GAO-09-977SP: Published: Sep 30, 2009. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2009.
The number of individuals experiencing hunger has grown to more than 1 billion worldwide in 2009, up from a record 963 million in 2008, according to the United Nations (UN) Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). FAO attributes this upsurge in hunger to the global economic crisis, which followed rising food and fuel prices from 2006 to 2008. However, even before these crises, the number of undern...
Food Safety: Selected Countries' Systems Can Offer Insights into Ensuring Import Safety and Responding to Foodborne Illness
GAO-08-794: Published: Jun 10, 2008. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2008.
Like other nations, the United States faces growing food safety challenges resulting from at least three major trends. First, imported food makes up a growing share of the food supply. Second, consumers are increasingly eating foods that are raw or have had minimal processing and that are often associated with foodborne illness. Third, changing demographic patterns mean that more of the U.S. popul...
Maritime Security Fleet: Many Factors Determine Impact of Potential Limits on Food Aid Shipments
GAO-04-1065: Published: Sep 13, 2004. Publicly Released: Sep 13, 2004.
Food aid cargo must generally be carried on U.S.-flag ships under requirements set by the cargo preference program. Two groups of carriers compete for this cargo: (1) those that participate in the Maritime Security Program and receive an annual government subsidy--generally liners operating on scheduled routes and (2) those that do not--generally carriers operating on a charter basis. Congress dir...
Agricultural Trade: Impacts of the Andean Trade Preference Act on Asparagus Producers and Consumers
GAO-01-315: Published: Mar 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 2001.
U.S. asparagus imports increased in the 1990s and now comprise nearly one-half of the asparagus consumed in the United States. Peru is the second largest source of imported asparagus and benefits from duty-free treatment under the Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA). ATPA is estimated to have displaced between two and eight percent of the value of domestic production from what it would have been wi...
Fresh Produce: Potential Consequences of Country-of-Origin Labeling
RCED-99-112: Published: Apr 21, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 21, 1999.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO provided information on the: (1) potential costs associated with the compliance and enforcement of a mandatory country-of-origin labeling requirement at the retail level for fresh produce; (2) potential trade issues associated with such a requirement; (3) potential impact of such a requirement on the ability of the federal government and the public to res...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Foreign Agriculture Service Could Benefit from Better Strategic Planning
GGD-95-225: Published: Sep 28, 1995. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Foreign Agriculture Service (FAS) to determine if FAS uses its resources in the most effective manner to accomplish its mission.GAO found that: (1) FAS long-term agricultural trade strategy (LATS) and country marketing plans lack the specificity and measurable goals that are necessary to establish priorities and allocate resources efficiently a...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Better Management Could Increase Effectiveness of FAS Export Operations
T-GGD-93-5: Published: Feb 23, 1993. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 1993.
GAO discussed weaknesses that reduce the effectiveness of the Foreign Agricultural Service's (FAS) export operations and programs. GAO noted that: (1) FAS manages about $10 billion in agricultural export assistance programs that are designed to increase U.S. agricultural exports and develop foreign markets; (2) problems with FAS market promotion programs (MPP) include inadequate market research an...
International Trade: Agricultural Trade Offices' Role in Promoting U.S. Exports Is Unclear
NSIAD-92-65: Published: Jan 16, 1992. Publicly Released: Feb 4, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) worldwide network of agricultural trade offices (ATO), focusing on: (1) ATO activities; (2) the criteria used to select ATO sites; (3) how well ATO carry out their market development mission; and (4) the adequacy of program management and operations.GAO found that: (1) ATO activities were generally consistent...
Agricultural Trade: Cooperator Conflict of Interest Regulation Needs Strengthening
NSIAD-91-217: Published: May 22, 1991. Publicly Released: May 22, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed whether the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) conflict-of-interest regulation for the Cooperator Foreign Market Development Program, and the restructuring of the Purebred Dairy Cattle Association's International Marketing Development Council (IMDC) effectively addressed conflict-of-interest situations for individual exporters.GAO found that:...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Strategic Marketing Needed to Lead Agribusiness in International Trade
RCED-91-22: Published: Jan 22, 1991. Publicly Released: Jan 22, 1991.
GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) management of marketing strategies to support its role in the changing international marketplace.GAO found that: (1) the USDA production-oriented philosophy was not well suited for providing marketing leadership; (2) policymakers were attempting to reduce or eliminate trade barriers and create a flexible farm program to allow farmers to make plan...