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Department of Housing and Urban Development, Executive (1 - 10 of 20 items)
Home Mortgage Guarantees: Issues to Consider in Evaluating Opportunities to Consolidate Two Overlapping Single-Family Programs
GAO-16-801: Published: Sep 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2016.
GAO's comparison of single-family home purchase loans guaranteed by the Rural Housing Service (RHS) and the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) in fiscal years 2010–2014 identified significant overlap and some differences in the borrowers served. Within statutorily defined rural areas (RHS-eligible areas):Both agencies served large numbers of rural borrowers, but FHA served over 35 percent more...
FHA Mortgage Insurance: Applicability of Industry Requirements Is Limited, but Certain Features Could Enhance Oversight
GAO-13-722: Published: Sep 9, 2013. Publicly Released: Oct 22, 2013.
Reserving practices and capital requirements for the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund (Fund) of the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) differ in key respects from those for private mortgage insurers (PMI). These differences stem from the distinct environments in which FHA and PMIs operate, including the particular accounting principles and statutory provisions that they must follow. For example, s...
Housing Assistance: Opportunities Exist to Increase Collaboration and Consider Consolidation
GAO-12-554: Published: Aug 16, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 17, 2012.
Housing assistance is fragmented across 160 programs and activities. Overlap exists for some products offered, service delivery, and geographic areas served by selected programsparticularly in the Department of Agricultures (USDA) Rural Housing Service (RHS) and Department of Housing and Urban Developments (HUD) Federal Housing Administration (FHA). For instance, RHS, FHA, and the Department...
Entrepreneurial Assistance: Opportunities Exist to Improve Programs' Collaboration, Data-Tracking, and Performance Management
GAO-12-819: Published: Aug 23, 2012. Publicly Released: Aug 23, 2012.
Federal efforts to support entrepreneurs are fragmented--including among 52 programs at the Department of Agriculture (USDA), Commerce, and Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the Small Business Administration (SBA). All overlap with at least one other program in terms of the type of assistance they are authorized to offer, such as financial (grants and loans) and technical (training and couns...
Rural Housing Service: Efforts to Identify and Reduce Improper Rental Assistance Payments Could Be Enhanced
GAO-12-624: Published: May 31, 2012. Publicly Released: Jul 2, 2012.
The Rural Housing Service (RHS) has identified improper rental assistance payments caused by certain sources of errors, but its reported error rate (total amount improperly paid divided by program outlays) may understate the magnitude of the problem. RHS has identified improper payments resulting from inaccurate calculations of tenant subsidies and incomplete supporting documents. From fiscal year...
Economic Development: Efficiency and Effectiveness of Fragmented Programs Are Unclear
GAO-12-553T: Published: Mar 21, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 21, 2012.
In summary, based on our work to date, we have found thatPrograms that support entrepreneurs overlap based not only on their shared purpose of serving entrepreneurs but also on the type of assistance they offer. Much of the overlap and fragmentation among these 53 programs is concentrated among programs that support economically distressed and disadvantaged areas and programs that assist disadvant...
Rural Water Infrastructure: Improved Coordination and Funding Processes Could Enhance Federal Efforts to Meet Needs in the U.S.-Mexico Border Region
GAO-10-126: Published: Dec 18, 2009. Publicly Released: Jan 19, 2010.
A serious problem for U.S. communities along the U.S.-Mexico border is the lack of access to safe drinking water and sanitation systems. Inadequate systems can pose risks to human health and the environment, including the risk of waterborne diseases. Numerous federal programs provide grants, loans, or other assistance to rural U.S. communities, including those in the border region, for drinking wa...
Federal Housing Administration: Decline in the Agency's Market Share Was Associated with Product and Process Developments of Other Mortgage Market Participants
GAO-07-645: Published: Jun 29, 2007. Publicly Released: Jun 29, 2007.
The Federal Housing Administration (FHA) historically has been an important participant in the mortgage market, which includes loans that carry government insurance or guarantees (such as FHA-insured mortgages) and those that do not (conventional mortgages). The conventional market comprises prime loans for the most creditworthy borrowers and subprime loans for borrowers with impaired credit. Redu...
Empowerment Zone and Enterprise Community Program: Improvements Occurred in Communities, but the Effect of the Program Is Unclear
GAO-06-727: Published: Sep 22, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2006.
The Empowerment Zone/Enterprise Community (EZ/EC) program is one of the most recent large-scale federal effort intended to revitalize impoverished urban and rural communities. There have been three rounds of EZs and two rounds of ECs, all of which are scheduled to end no later than December 2009. The Community Renewal Tax Relief Act of 2000 mandated that GAO audit and report in 2004, 2007, and 201...
Rural Housing Service: Opportunities to Improve Management
GAO-03-911T: Published: Jun 19, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 19, 2003.
Federal housing assistance in rural America dates back to the 1930s, when most rural residents worked on farms. Without electricity, telephone service, or good roads connecting residents to population centers, residents were comparatively isolated and their access to credit was generally poor. These conditions led Congress to authorize separate housing assistance for rural residents, to be adminis...