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U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security, Executive (1 - 10 of 66 items) in Custom Date Range
Tobacco Taxes: Disparities in Rates for Similar Smoking Products Continue to Drive Market Shifts to Lower-Taxed Options
GAO-14-811T: Published: Jul 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2014.
Large federal excise tax disparities among smoking tobacco products, which resulted from the Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act (CHIPRA) of 2009, created opportunities for tax avoidance and led to significant market shifts toward lower-taxed products by manufacturers, importers, and price-sensitive consumers. From fiscal year 2008, the last year before CHIPRA, to fiscal year 2...
DHS Asset Forfeiture: Additional Actions Could Help Strengthen Controls over Equitable Sharing
GAO-14-318: Published: Mar 28, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 2014.
From fiscal years 2003 through 2013, Department of Homeland Security (DHS) components that participate in the Treasury Forfeiture Fund—U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), the U.S. Secret Service (USSS), U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), and the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG)—contributed approximately $3.6 billion in revenues to the fund and obligated about $2.6 billion from the fu...
Antidumping and Countervailing Duties: Options for Improving Collection
GAO-11-693T: Published: May 25, 2011. Publicly Released: May 25, 2011.
Since fiscal year 2001, the federal government has been unable to collect over $1 billion in antidumping (AD) and countervailing (CV) duties imposed to remedy injurious, unfair foreign trade practices. These include AD duties imposed on products exported to the United States at unfairly low prices (i.e., dumped) and CV duties on products exported to the United States that were subsidized by foreig...
Status of Fiscal Year 2010 Federal Improper Payments Reporting
GAO-11-443R: Published: Mar 25, 2011. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 2011.
Our work over the past several years has highlighted long-standing, widespread, and significant problems with improper payments in the federal government. Fiscal year 2010 marked the seventh year of implementation of the Improper Payments Information Act of 2002 (IPIA), which requires executive branch agencies to annually review all programs and activities to identify those that are susceptible to...
Illicit Tobacco: Various Schemes Are Used to Evade Taxes and Fees
GAO-11-313: Published: Mar 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2011.
Federal and state governments have raised excise taxes on tobacco products to discourage tobacco use and increase revenues. Cross-border and illicit trade in tobacco products can undermine these policy objectives by avoiding excise taxes and increasing the availability of these products to consumers at lower cost. On June 22, 2009, Congress passed the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control...
Economic Sanctions: Agencies Face Competing Priorities in Enforcing the U.S. Embargo on Cuba
GAO-08-80: Published: Nov 30, 2007. Publicly Released: Dec 18, 2007.
The 48-year U.S. embargo on Cuba aims to deny resources to the Castro regime by prohibiting most trade, travel, and financial transactions with Cuba. The departments of Commerce, Homeland Security (DHS), Justice, and the Treasury are responsible for enforcing the embargo as well as protecting homeland and national security. Since 2001, U.S. agencies have changed the embargo's rules in response to...
Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: Department of the Treasury
GAO-03-109: Published: Jan 1, 2003. Publicly Released: Jan 1, 2003.
In its 2001 performance and accountability report on the Department of the Treasury, GAO identified important tax systems modernization, border security, trade regulation, financial management, and other issues facing the department. The information GAO presents in this report is intended to help to sustain congressional attention and a departmental focus on continuing to make progress in addressi...
U.S. Customs Service: Compliance with the Inflation Adjustment Act
GAO-02-1045R: Published: Sep 9, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2002.
Earlier this year, GAO began a governmentwide review of the implementation of the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990. The act requires each federal agency to issue a regulation adjusting its covered maximum civil monetary penalties for inflation by October 23, 1996, and requires each agency to make necessary adjustments at least once every 4 years thereafter. During the revie...
Money Laundering: Extent of Money Laundering through Credit Cards Is Unknown
GAO-02-670: Published: Jul 22, 2002. Publicly Released: Aug 21, 2002.
Money laundering is a serious issue; an estimated $500 billion are laundered annually. The extent to which money laundering through credit cards may be occurring, however, is unknown. Bank regulators, credit card industry representatives, and law enforcement officials interviewed by GAO indicated that credit card accounts were not likely to be used in the initial stage of money laundering, when il...
Anti-Money Laundering: Efforts in the Securities Industry
GAO-02-111: Published: Oct 10, 2001. Publicly Released: Oct 24, 2001.
To disguise illegally obtained funds, money launderers have traditionally targeted banks, which accept cash and arrange domestic and international fund transfers. However, criminals seeking to hide illicit funds may also be targeting the U.S. securities markets. Although few documented cases exist of broker-dealer or mutual fund accounts being used to launder money, law enforcement agencies are co...