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Federal Reserve System, Independent Agencies (51 - 60 of 146 items)
Fair Lending: Data Limitations and the Fragmented U.S. Financial Regulatory Structure Challenge Federal Oversight and Enforcement Efforts
GAO-09-704: Published: Jul 15, 2009. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 2009.
The Fair Housing Act (FHA) and the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA)--the "fair lending laws"--prohibit discrimination in lending. Responsibility for their oversight is shared among three enforcement agencies--the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), Federal Trade Commission (FTC), and Department of Justice (DOJ)--and five depository institution regulators--the Federal Deposit Insu...
Troubled Asset Relief Program: June 2009 Status of Efforts to Address Transparency and Accountability Issues
GAO-09-658: Published: Jun 17, 2009. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2009.
GAO's fifth report on the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) follows up on prior recommendations. It also reviews (1) activities that had been initiated or completed under TARP as of June 12, 2009; (2) the Department of the Treasury's Office of Financial Stability's (OFS) hiring efforts and use of contractors; and (3) TARP performance indicators. To do this, GAO reviewed signed agreements and ot...
Federal Reserve Banks: Areas for Improvement in Information Security Controls
GAO-09-722R: Published: May 29, 2009. Publicly Released: May 29, 2009.
In connection with fulfilling our requirement to audit the financial statements of the U.S. government, we audited and reported on the Schedules of Federal Debt Managed by the Bureau of the Public Debt (BPD) for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2008 and 2007. As part of these audits, we performed a review of the general and application information security controls over key financial systems m...
Statutory Authorities to Prohibit Inspector General Activities
GAO-09-660R: Published: May 8, 2009. Publicly Released: May 8, 2009.
This letter provides information Congress requested at the March 25, 2009, hearing entitled The Roles and Responsibilities of Inspectors General within Financial Regulatory Agencies. During the hearing, the former Inspector General (IG) of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) testified that provisions of the Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended (IG Act), allow the Secretary of the Depart...
Federal Financial Assistance: Preliminary Observations on Assistance Provided to AIG
GAO-09-490T: Published: Mar 18, 2009. Publicly Released: Mar 18, 2009.
The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve) and the Department of the Treasury (Treasury) have made available over $182 billion in assistance to American International Group (AIG) to prevent its failure. However, questions have been raised about the goals of the assistance and how it is being monitored. Also, because AIG is generally known for its insurance operations, q...
Financial Regulation: A Framework for Crafting and Assessing Proposals to Modernize the Outdated U.S. Financial Regulatory System
GAO-09-216: Published: Jan 8, 2009. Publicly Released: Jan 8, 2009.
The United States and other countries are in the midst of the worst financial crisis in more than 75 years. While much of the attention of policymakers understandably has been focused on taking short-term steps to address the immediate nature of the crisis, these events have served to strikingly demonstrate that the current U.S. financial regulatory system is in need of significant reform. To help...
Fair Lending: Race and Gender Data Are Limited for Nonmortgage Lending
GAO-08-698: Published: Jun 27, 2008. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 2008.
The Federal Reserve Board's (FRB) Regulation B, which implements the Equal Credit Opportunity Act of 1974 (ECOA), generally prohibits lenders from collecting certain data from loan applicants, such as their race or gender, for nonmortgage loans (e.g., small business loans). FRB has stated that this provision of Regulation B minimizes the chances that lenders would use such data in an unlawful and...
Hedge Funds: Regulators and Market Participants Are Taking Steps to Strengthen Market Discipline, but Continued Attention Is Needed
GAO-08-200: Published: Jan 24, 2008. Publicly Released: Feb 25, 2008.
Since the 1998 near collapse of Long-Term Capital Management (LTCM), a large hedge fund--a pooled investment vehicle that is privately managed and often engages in active trading of various types of securities and commodity futures and options--the number of hedge funds has grown, and they have attracted investments from institutional investors such as pension plans. Hedge funds generally are reco...
Minority Banks: Regulators' Assessments of the Effectiveness of Their Support Efforts Have Been Limited
GAO-08-233T: Published: Oct 30, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2007.
Minority banks can play an important role in serving the financial needs of historically underserved communities and growing populations of minorities. For this reason, the Financial Institutions, Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 (FIRREA) established goals that the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and the Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS) must work toward to preserve and...
Financial Regulation: Industry Trends Continue to Challenge the Federal Regulatory Structure
GAO-08-32: Published: Oct 12, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 12, 2007.
As the financial services industry has become increasingly concentrated in a number of large, internationally active firms offering an array of products and services, the adequacy of the U.S. financial regulatory system has been questioned. GAO has identified the need to modernize the financial regulatory system as a challenge to be addressed in the 21st century. This report, mandated by the Finan...