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Offices, Department of Health and Human Services, Executive (91 - 100 of 199 items)
Child Care: State Efforts to Enforce Safety and Health Requirements
GAO-04-786: Published: Sep 9, 2004. Publicly Released: Oct 12, 2004.
The federal government requires states that receive funds from the Child Care and Development Fund to establish basic health and safety requirements. The federal government also requires states receiving federal funds for child care to have procedures in place to ensure that providers being paid with grant dollars comply with the applicable safety and health requirements. Because of the significan...
Welfare Reform: Rural TANF Programs Have Developed Many Strategies to Address Rural Challenges
GAO-04-921: Published: Sep 10, 2004. Publicly Released: Oct 12, 2004.
About 49 million people, or 17 percent of the country's total population, live in rural communities, and 18 states have at least a third of their population in rural areas. Rural areas often have less favorable employment conditions than urban areas and have fewer public transportation options to help people get to and from work. Given these conditions and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Famili...
Medicaid Program Integrity: State and Federal Efforts to Prevent and Detect Improper Payments
GAO-04-707: Published: Jul 16, 2004. Publicly Released: Aug 18, 2004.
During fiscal year 2002, Medicaid--a program jointly funded by the federal government and the states--provided health care coverage for about 51 million low-income Americans. That year, Medicaid benefit payments reached approximately $244 billion, of which the federal share was about $139 billion. The program is administered by state Medicaid agencies with oversight provided by the Centers for Med...
HHS OIG: Allegations of Misspending Were Unsubstantiated
GAO-04-618R: Published: Apr 30, 2004. Publicly Released: May 18, 2004.
The Department of Health and Human Service's (HHS) Office of Inspector General (OIG) plays a vital role in auditing and investigating allegations of fraud and abuse in federal health and welfare programs. Because it independently evaluates various programs, activities, and functions, the OIG must act with integrity at all times. In the fall of 2003, anonymous allegations charged that certain offic...
Supports For Low-Income Families: States Serve a Broad Range of Families through a Complex and Changing System
GAO-04-256: Published: Jan 26, 2004. Publicly Released: Jan 26, 2004.
Over the last decade, the Congress has made significant changes in numerous federal programs that support low-income families, including changes that have shifted program emphases from providing cash assistance to providing services that promote employment and economic independence. As a result of some of the federal policy changes, the support system is more decentralized than before. This height...
Tobacco Use And Public Health: Federal Efforts to Prevent and Reduce Tobacco Use among Youth
GAO-04-41: Published: Nov 21, 2003. Publicly Released: Dec 23, 2003.
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that, on average, over 440,000 deaths and $76 billion in medical expenditures were attributable to cigarette smoking each year from 1995 through 1999. Reducing tobacco-related deaths and the incidence of disease, along with the associated costs, represents a sig...
Protection and Advocacy Agencies: Involvement in Deinstitutionalization Lawsuits on Behalf of Individuals with Developmental Disabilities
GAO-03-1044: Published: Sep 30, 2003. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2003.
Congress established the Protection and Advocacy system in 1975 to protect the rights of individuals with developmental disabilities, most of whom have mental retardation. Protection and Advocacy agencies (P&A) use investigative and legal activities to advocate on behalf of these individuals. Deinstitutionalization has refocused delivery of care to this population over the last several decades fro...
Medicare: Most Beneficiaries Receive Some but Not All Recommended Preventive Services
GAO-03-958: Published: Sep 8, 2003. Publicly Released: Oct 8, 2003.
Medicare, the federal health program insuring almost 35 million beneficiaries age 65 and older, covers certain preventive services, such as flu shots and mammograms. Most beneficiaries receive care through Medicare's fee-for-service program, under which they generally receive these services as part of visits to the doctor for specific illnesses or conditions. Other beneficiaries receive services u...
Budget Issues: Franchise Fund Pilot Review
GAO-03-1069: Published: Aug 22, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 2003.
Congress is considering the reauthorization of the six franchise fund pilots authorized by the Government Reform Act of 1994. These self-supporting business-like entities were established to provide common administrative services on a fully reimbursable basis. The authorization for most of the pilots will expire at the end of fiscal year 2003. In addition to the suggestion of giving the pilots per...
Department of Health and Human Services: Review of the Management of Inspector General Operations
GAO-03-685: Published: Jun 10, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 10, 2003.
Janet Rehnquist became the Inspector General of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) in August 2001. GAO was asked to conduct a review of the Inspector General's organization and assess her leadership, independence, and judgment in carrying out the mission of the Office of Inspector General (OIG). GAO examined indicators of the OIG's productivity and compared them to the organization'...