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Office of Housing, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Executive (1 - 10 of 159 items)
Information Technology: HUD Needs to Address Significant Weaknesses in Its Cost Estimating Practices
GAO-17-281: Published: Feb 7, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 2017.
The cost estimates that the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) developed for the four selected information technology (IT) investments were unreliable and, thus, lacked a sound basis for informing the department's investment and budgetary decisions. GAO's Cost Estimating and Assessment Guide (Cost Guide) defines best practices that are associated with four characteristics of a rel...
Breast Cancer Education: HHS Has Implemented Initiatives Aimed at Young Women
GAO-17-19: Published: Oct 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 2016.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), has led federal efforts to respond to four areas specified in the Young Women's Breast Health Education and Awareness Requires Learning Young Act of 2009 (EARLY Act). CDC reported spending nearly $37 million between fiscal years 2010 to 2016 on the following efforts across the four areas...
Department of Housing and Urban Development: Actions Needed to Incorporate Key Practices into Management Functions and Program Oversight
GAO-16-497: Published: Jul 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 19, 2016.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) has struggled to resolve persistent management challenges, in part because it has not consistently incorporated requirements and key practices identified by GAO to help ensure effective management into its operations. In addition, HUD's past remedial actions were not always effective because they were not sustained. Turnover among senior leader...
Financial Management Systems: HUD Needs to Address Management and Governance Weaknesses That Jeopardize Its Modernization Efforts
GAO-16-656: Published: Jul 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2016.
In October 2015, as part of its planned New Core financial management systems modernization efforts, the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) completed transitioning 4 of 14 capabilities to shared service solutions. The implemented capabilities were for managing employee travel and relocation; recording time and attendance; performing core accounting functions such as general ledger a...
Credit Programs: Key Agencies Should Better Document Procedures for Estimating Subsidy Costs
GAO-16-269: Published: Jul 13, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 13, 2016.
The Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 requires agencies to estimate the cost to the government of extending or guaranteeing credit. This cost, referred to as subsidy cost, equals the net present value of estimated cash flows from the government (e.g., loan disbursements and claim payments to lenders) minus estimated cash flows to the government (e.g., loan repayments, interest payments, fees, and...
Housing Finance System: A Framework for Assessing Potential Changes
GAO-15-131: Published: Oct 7, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 2014.
Developments in the single-family housing finance market from 2000-2013 led to changes in the federal government's role in the housing finance system and ultimately to a significant increase in that role. For example,Before the 2007-2009 financial crisis, the market share of nonprime mortgages—loans often made to borrowers with high-risk characteristics and funded by mortgage backed securities (...
Manufactured Housing: Efforts Needed to Enhance Program Effectiveness and Ensure Funding Stability
GAO-14-410: Published: Jul 2, 2014. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 2014.
HUD has established a process for updating the preemptive building standardsfor manufactured homes known as the HUD Code but has not fully met key purposes of the 2000 Manufactured Housing Improvement Act (2000 Act). Key purposes of the Act include:Establish a balanced, consensus-based process to update manufactured housing construction and safety standards. HUD has not accepted, rejected, or modi...
Information Technology: HUD's Expenditure Plan Satisfied Statutory Conditions; Sustained Controls and Modernization Approach Needed
GAO-14-283: Published: Feb 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 12, 2014.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) fiscal year 2013 information technology (IT) expenditure plan satisfied the two sets of statutory conditions contained in the appropriations act. Regarding the first set of conditions, the plan identified for each project the functional and performance capabilities to be delivered, mission benefits, life-cycle costs, and key milestones. For e...
Federal Housing Administration: Analysis of Options for Modifying Its Products, Market Presence, and Powers
GAO-13-682: Published: Sep 9, 2013. Publicly Released: Oct 22, 2013.
GAO identified a number of proposed options for adjusting product terms and conditions to help improve the Federal Housing Administration's (FHA) long-term viability. FHA has raised the premiums that it charges borrowers several times in recent years and has taken steps to tighten its underwriting standards--for example, by setting a minimum required credit score. Some mortgage market observers ha...
FHA Mortgage Insurance: Applicability of Industry Requirements Is Limited, but Certain Features Could Enhance Oversight
GAO-13-722: Published: Sep 9, 2013. Publicly Released: Oct 22, 2013.
Reserving practices and capital requirements for the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund (Fund) of the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) differ in key respects from those for private mortgage insurers (PMI). These differences stem from the distinct environments in which FHA and PMIs operate, including the particular accounting principles and statutory provisions that they must follow. For example, s...