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Army, Department of Defense, Executive (11 - 20 of 374 items)
Weapon System Requirements: Detailed Systems Engineering Prior to Product Development Positions Programs for Success
GAO-17-77: Published: Nov 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
GAO's analysis of nine case studies identified four factors that frame the challenge posed by a given weapon system's requirements: acquisition approach, technology status, design maturity, and system interdependency. Systems engineering is the primary means for determining whether and how that challenge can be met. It is a disciplined learning process that translates requirements into specific de...
Defense Infrastructure: Actions Needed to Strengthen Utility Resilience Planning
GAO-17-27: Published: Nov 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 2016.
Based on GAO's survey of Department of Defense (DOD) owned utility systems, there were 4,393 instances of utility disruptions caused by equipment failure for fiscal years 2009 through 2015 and the results of our survey and interviews with DOD installation officials indicated that these disruptions have caused a range of financial and operational impacts. Survey respondents identified several facto...
DOD Commissaries and Exchanges: Plan and Additional Information Needed on Cost Savings and Metrics for DOD Efforts to Achieve Budget Neutrality [Reissued on November 14, 2016]
GAO-17-38: Published: Nov 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 9, 2016.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) May 2016 report on commissaries and exchanges does not provide a plan for achieving budget neutrality, which DOD interprets as ending the use of appropriated funding for commissaries and exchanges by October 2018. The report states that DOD will not be able to achieve budget neutrality, but does not provide detailed information on why budget neutrality is not poss...
Defense Intelligence: Additional Steps Could Better Integrate Intelligence Input into DOD's Acquisition of Major Weapon Systems
GAO-17-10: Published: Nov 1, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 1, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has developed certifications and training for acquisition and intelligence personnel, but it does not have certifications for certain personnel who provide intelligence support to acquisition programs. These personnel help integrate threat information on foreign capabilities and intelligence mission data—technical intelligence such as radar signatures and geospati...
DOD Inventory of Contracted Services: Timely Decisions and Further Actions Needed to Address Long-Standing Issues
GAO-17-17: Published: Oct 31, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2016.
In fiscal year 2014, 40 Department of Defense (DOD) components in total certified that they had conducted an inventory review. Components are required by DOD guidance to address six elements in their certification letters, including, for example, identifying any inherently governmental functions and unauthorized personal services contracts. More components—21 out of 40—addressed all of the req...
Military Personnel: Performance Measures Needed to Determine How Well DOD's Credentialing Program Helps Servicemembers [Reissued on October 21, 2016]
GAO-17-133: Published: Oct 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 17, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has taken steps to establish the statutorily required credentialing program, but it has not developed performance measures to gauge the program's effectiveness. Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) officials are in the process of coordinating a draft DOD instruction for the program that will assign responsibilities and prescribe procedures for its operation, and...
Environmental Protection: Information on Federal Agencies' Expenditures and Coordination Related to Harmful Algae
GAO-17-119: Published: Oct 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 14, 2016.
Twelve federal agencies reported expending an estimated total of roughly $101 million from fiscal years 2013 through 2015 to fund various research, monitoring, and other activities related to harmful algae—overgrowths of algae that can create toxic “blooms” in marine or freshwater environments. The agencies provided a mix of actual and estimated expenditure data and used different methods fo...
DOD Civilian and Contractor Workforces: Additional Cost Savings Data and Efficiencies Plan Are Needed
GAO-17-128: Published: Oct 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 12, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) did not report all required data on military, civilian, and contracted services workforces in its February 2016 report that would demonstrate savings, as required by section 955 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2013, and it estimates that by FY 2017 it will meet savings for the civilian workforce but not for contracted services....
Nuclear Weapons: DOD Assessed the Need for Each Leg of the Strategic Triad and Considered Other Reductions to Nuclear Forces
GAO-16-740: Published: Sep 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) assessed the need for each leg of the strategic triad in support of the 2010 Nuclear Posture Review and considered other reductions to nuclear forces in subsequent reviews. The department identified advantages of each leg of the triad and concluded that retaining all three would help maintain strategic deterrence and stability. The advantages DOD identified include...
Defense Health Care Reform: DOD Needs Further Analysis of the Size, Readiness, and Efficiency of the Medical Force
GAO-16-820: Published: Sep 21, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2016.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) approach in its Report on Military Health System Modernization (the Study) did not consistently follow relevant generally accepted research standards for research design and execution. While the Study's recommendations position DOD, over time, to take actions to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the Military Health System, GAO found a number of shortco...