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Climate Change: Expert Opinion on the Economics of Policy Options to Address Climate Change
GAO-08-605: Published: May 9, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 9, 2008.
Elevated levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and the resulting effects on the earth's climate could have significant environmental and economic impacts in the United States and internationally. Potential impacts include rising sea levels and a shift in the intensity and frequency of floods and storms. Proposed responses to climate change include adapting to the possible impacts by plannin...
Energy Security: Issues Related to Potential Reductions in Venezuelan Oil Production
GAO-06-668: Published: Jun 27, 2006. Publicly Released: Jun 27, 2006.
Venezuela is the world's eighth-largest oil exporter and among the top 10 countries in total proven oil reserves. Venezuela also supplies about 11 percent of current U.S. imports of crude oil and petroleum products and wholly owns five refineries in the U.S. Consequently, Venezuela is a key player in the future energy security of the United States and the world. The current global oil market is ti...
Mass Transit: Use of Alternative Fuels in Transit Buses
RCED-00-18: Published: Dec 14, 1999. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 1999.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reported on the: (1) status of the development and use of alternative fuel technologies in transit buses, particularly the use of compressed natural gas (CNG) as a fuel; (2) air quality benefits of such technologies; (3) costs incurred by transit operators to use CNG buses, as well as other alternative fuels, compared with the costs to use diesel buses; a...
Energy Policy Act: Including Propane as an Alternative Motor Fuel Will Have Little Impact on Propane Market
RCED-98-260: Published: Sep 24, 1998. Publicly Released: Sep 24, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO determined whether and how including propane as an alternative fuel under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT) will affect existing propane consumers as well as the supply and price, focusing on: (1) whether EPACT's goal of replacing at least 10 percent of the conventional fuel used in light-duty vehicles by 2000 and at least 30 percent by 2010 with replac...
Tax Policy: Effects of the Alcohol Fuels Tax Incentives
GGD-97-41: Published: Mar 6, 1997. Publicly Released: Mar 13, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information relating to tax incentives for alcohol fuels, focusing on: (1) whom the incentives benefit and disadvantage economically; (2) what environmental benefits, if any, the incentives have produced; (3) whether the incentives increased the nation's energy independence; and (4) the extent to which the partial exemption from the excise tax for...