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National Laboratories, Department of Energy, Executive (21 - 30 of 145 items)
Department of Energy: Budget Trends and Oversight
GAO-12-659T: Published: Apr 18, 2012. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 2012.
Recent GAO work found that funding increases have expanded or created Department of Energy (DOE) programs with varying results. For example:Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) awards grants to projects that help develop high-risk energy technologies. Since fiscal year 2009 the program has received $855 million to fund energy projects that industry by itself was not likely to undertak...
The Department of Energy's Office of Science Uses a Multilayered Process for Prioritizing Research
GAO-12-410R: Published: Feb 24, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 2012.
Science establishes research priorities within and across its six core interdisciplinary research programs, which include a wide variety of research ranging from biology to particle physics. However, Science does not explicitly rank these programs in terms of priority. The office currently prioritizes research that aligns with the Secretary of Energys interest in fostering the development of...
National Nuclear Security Administration: Observations on NNSA's Management and Oversight of the Nuclear Security Enterprise
GAO-12-473T: Published: Feb 16, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 2012.
NNSA has successfully ensured that the nuclear weapons stockpile remains safe and reliable in the absence of underground nuclear testing, accomplishing this complicated task by using state-of-the-art facilities as well as the skills of top scientists. Nevertheless, NNSA does not have reliable enterprise-wide management information on program budgets and costs, which potentially increases risk to N...
Energy-Water Nexus: Information on the Quantity, Quality, and Management of Water Produced during Oil and Gas Production
GAO-12-156: Published: Jan 9, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 8, 2012.
A significant amount of water is produced daily as a byproduct from drilling of oil and gas. A 2009 Argonne National Laboratory study estimated that 56 million barrels of water are produced onshore every day, but this study may underestimate the current total volume because it is based on limited, and in some cases, incomplete data generated by the states. In general, the volume of produced water...
Recovery Act: Progress and Challenges in Spending Weatherization Funds
GAO-12-195: Published: Dec 16, 2011. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 2011.
As of September 2011, the 58 state-level grant recipients were awarded approximately $4.75 billion from DOE to implement the Weatherization Assistance Program under the Recovery Act and reported spending about $3.46 billion (about 73 percent). DOE expects to meet or exceed its production target of 607,000 homes and spend most of the acts funds because some recipients have been able to exceed...
Yucca Mountain: Information on Alternative Uses of the Site and Related Challenges
GAO-11-847: Published: Sep 16, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 17, 2011.
The future of the Yucca Mountain project in Nevada--originally designated for permanent storage of nuclear waste--is uncertain. Since 1983, the Department of Energy (DOE) has spent billions of dollars to evaluate the Yucca Mountain site for potential use as a nuclear waste repository. In February 2010, the President proposed eliminating funding for the project, and in March 2010, DOE filed a motio...
Technology Assessment: Climate Engineering: Technical Status, Future Directions, and Potential Responses
GAO-11-71: Published: Jul 28, 2011. Publicly Released: Aug 25, 2011.
Interactive Features Depiction of the Global Carbon Cycle Changes Over Time Global Average Energy Budget of the Earth's Atmosphere Reports of rising global temperatures have raised questions about responses to climate change, including efforts to (1) reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, (2) adapt to climate change, and (3) design and develop climate engineering technologies for deliberate, la...
Combating Nuclear Terrorism: Actions Needed to Better Prepare to Recover from Possible Attacks Using Radiological or Nuclear Materials
GAO-10-204: Published: Jan 29, 2010. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 2010.
A terrorist's use of a radiological dispersal device (RDD) or improvised nuclear device (IND) to release radioactive materials into the environment could have devastating consequences. GAO was asked to examine (1) the extent to which the federal government is planning to fulfill its responsibilities to help cities and their states clean up contaminated areas from RDD and IND incidents, (2) what is...
Nuclear Waste Management: Key Attributes, Challenges, and Costs for the Yucca Mountain Repository and Two Potential Alternatives
GAO-10-48: Published: Nov 4, 2009. Publicly Released: Dec 2, 2009.
High-level nuclear waste--one of the nation's most hazardous substances--is accumulating at 80 sites in 35 states. The United States has generated 70,000 metric tons of nuclear waste and is expected to generate 153,000 metric tons by 2055. The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, as amended, requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to dispose of the waste in a geologic repository at Yucca Mountain, ab...
Federal Energy Management: Agencies Are Taking Steps to Meet High-Performance Federal Building Requirements, but Face Challenges
GAO-10-22: Published: Oct 30, 2009. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2009.
The federal government is the nation's largest energy consumer. The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) establishes high-performance federal building requirements that include reducing energy use and managing storm water runoff. The Department of Energy (DOE), General Services Administration (GSA), Office of Management and Budget (OMB), and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are...