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Army, Department of Defense, Executive (1 - 10 of 15 items)
Indian Issues: Key Federal Agencies' and the Smithsonian Institution's Efforts to Identify and Repatriate Indian Human Remains and Objects
GAO-11-755T: Published: Jun 16, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2011.
The National Museum of the American Indian Act of 1989 (NMAI Act), as amended in 1996, generally requires the Smithsonian Institution to inventory and identify the origins of its Indian and Native Hawaiian human remains and objects placed with them (funerary objects) and repatriate them to culturally affiliated Indian tribes upon request. According to the Smithsonian, two of its museums--the Ameri...
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act: After Almost 20 Years, Key Federal Agencies Still Have Not Fully Complied with the Act
GAO-10-768: Published: Jul 28, 2010. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2010.
The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) required federal agencies and museums to (1) identify their Native American human remains and other objects, (2) try to culturally affiliate them with a present day Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization, and (3) repatriate them under the terms in the act. The National NAGPRA office, within the Department of the Interior's N...
Livestock Grazing: Federal Expenditures and Receipts Vary, Depending on the Agency and the Purpose of the Fee Charged
GAO-05-869: Published: Sep 30, 2005. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2005.
Ranchers pay a fee to graze their livestock on federal land. Grazing occurs primarily on federal land located in the western states managed by 10 federal agencies. Generally, the fee is based on animal unit months (AUM)--the amount of forage that a cow and her calf can eat in 1 month. For most federal land, the fee per AUM is established by a formula. Advocates argue that grazing uses federal land...
Freshwater Programs: Federal Agencies' Funding in the United States and Abroad
GAO-05-253: Published: Mar 11, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 2005.
As the world's population tripled during the past century, demand for the finite amount of freshwater resources increased six-fold, straining these resources for many countries, including the United States. The United Nations estimates that, worldwide, more than 1 billion people live without access to clean drinking water and over 2.4 billion people lack the basic sanitation needed for human healt...
Columbia River Basin: A Multilayered Collection of Directives and Plans Guides Federal Fish and Wildlife Activities
GAO-04-602: Published: Jun 4, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 2004.
Numerous federal agencies conduct water, power, or resource management activities affecting the fish and wildlife of the Columbia River Basin, as well as the 13 tribes residing there. These agencies, such as the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville), Army Corps of Engineers, and Forest Service, and regulatory agencies, such as the National Marine Fisheries Service, are also responsible for...
Regulatory Takings: Implementation of Executive Order on Government Actions Affecting Private Property Use
GAO-03-1015: Published: Sep 19, 2003. Publicly Released: Oct 9, 2003.
Each year federal agencies issue numerous proposed or final rules or take other regulatory actions that may potentially affect the use of private property. Some of these actions may result in the property owner being owed just compensation under the Fifth Amendment. In 1988 the President issued Executive Order 12630 on property rights to ensure that government actions affecting the use of private...
Columbia River Basin Salmon and Steelhead: Federal Agencies' Recovery Responsibilities, Expenditures and Actions
GAO-02-612: Published: Jul 26, 2002. Publicly Released: Aug 26, 2002.
Before 1850, an estimated 16 million salmon and steelhead returned to the Columbia River Basin annually to spawn. Over the past 25 years, the number of salmon and steelhead returning to the Columbia River Basin has averaged only 660,000 per year although annual population levels have varied widely. Factors such as over-harvesting, construction and operation of dams, degradation of spawning habitat...
Federal Land Management: Federal Land Acquisitions in California Since January 1994
RCED-00-239: Published: Aug 30, 2000. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on land acquired by federal agencies from January 1994 through April 2000 in California for such purposes as restoring ecosystems and protecting wildlife habitat, focusing on: (1) lands acquired through the CALFED program since its inception in 1995 by federal agencies or by nonfederal entities using federal funds; and (2) lands acquire...
Invasive Species: Federal and Selected State Funding to Address Harmful, Nonnative Species
RCED-00-219: Published: Aug 24, 2000. Publicly Released: Aug 24, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on federal and selected state funding of invasive species activities, focusing on: (1) federal and selected state funding in fiscal years (FY) 1999 and 2000 and the departments' views on the effectiveness of coordination efforts with other entities; (2) funding by selected states for invasive species activities in fiscal years 1999 and...
Land Management Agencies: Major Activities at Selected Units Are Not Common Across Agencies
RCED-97-141: Published: Jun 26, 1997. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the land management activities carried out by six agencies, focusing on: (1) those activities that are common across agencies; (2) the changes that have occurred related to the missions and activities carried out by these agencies; and (3) cost and revenue data for selected units at these agencies.GAO noted that: (1) GAO identified 31 different act...