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Department of Agriculture, Executive (1 - 10 of 80 items) in Custom Date Range
Domestic Food Assistance: Multiple Programs Benefit Millions of Americans, but Additional Action Is Needed to Address Potential Overlap and Inefficiencies
GAO-15-606T: Published: May 20, 2015. Publicly Released: May 20, 2015.
The federal government spent over $100 billion on 18 domestic food assistance programs in fiscal year 2014. Federal spending on the five largest food assistance programs has increased over the last 20 years, driven largely by increases in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) following the recession of 2007-2009.Federal Spending on the Five Largest Programs from Fiscal Year 1995 to...
USDA Contracting: Further Actions Needed to Strengthen Oversight of Contracts for Professional Services
GAO-14-819: Published: Sep 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 2014.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Departmental Management, Food and Nutrition Service, and Forest Service did not select contract types preferred by federal regulations, agency policies, and Office of Management and Budget (OMB) guidance, for about two-thirds (about $783 million) of the funds obligated to contracts for professional, administrative, and management support services (profes...
WIC Program: Improved Oversight of Income Eligibility Determination Needed
GAO-13-290: Published: Feb 28, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 8, 2013.
The discretion granted by federal law, regulations, and guidance in certain areas of income eligibility determination for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) has resulted in policy variation across states and localities. For example, while national survey data show that many states use an applicant's current income to determine income eligibility, GAO'...
Opportunities to Reduce Potential Duplication in Government Programs, Save Tax Dollars, and Enhance Revenue
GAO-11-714T: Published: Jun 1, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2011.
This testimony discusses our first annual report to Congress responding to the statutory requirement that GAO identify federal programs, agencies, offices, and initiatives--either within departments or governmentwide--that have duplicative goals or activities. This work can help inform government policymakers as they address the rapidly building fiscal pressures facing our national government. Ou...
School Meal Programs: Changes to Federal Agencies' Procedures Could Reduce Risk of School Children Consuming Recalled Food
GAO-09-649: Published: Aug 20, 2009. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2009.
Over the past few years, several food recalls, such as for beef and peanut products, have affected schools. It is especially important that recalls affecting schools be carried out efficiently and effectively because young children have a higher risk of complications from food-borne illnesses. GAO was asked to determine how federal agencies (1) notified states and schools about food recalls, (2) a...
Meal Counting and Claiming by Food Service Management Companies in the School Meal Programs
GAO-09-156R: Published: Jan 30, 2009. Publicly Released: Jan 30, 2009.
The federal government spends about $10 billion each year to provide meals to over 30 million students through the National School Lunch and Breakfast Programs. However, a 2007 study estimated that of this amount, $860 million (8.6 percent) in school year 2005-2006 was paid improperly because of errors in the number of meals counted and claimed for reimbursement. These programs are administered by...
High-Containment Biosafety Laboratories: DHS Lacks Evidence to Conclude That Foot-and-Mouth Disease Research Can Be Done Safely on the U.S. Mainland
GAO-08-821T: Published: May 22, 2008. Publicly Released: May 22, 2008.
DHS is proposing to move foot-and mouth disease (FMD) research from its current location at the Plum Island Animal Disease Center--located on a federally owned island off the northern tip of Long Island, New York--and potentially onto the United States mainland. FMD is the most highly infectious animal disease that is known. Nearly 100 percent of exposed animals become infected. A single outbreak...
Plum Island Animal Disease Center: DHS Has Made Significant Progress Implementing Security Recommendations, but Several Recommendations Remain Open
GAO-08-306R: Published: Dec 17, 2007. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2007.
For many years, the Department of Agriculture (USDA) owned and operated the Plum Island Animal Disease Center, located on an island in the Long Island Sound off the coast of New York. Scientists at Plum Island, often with the assistance of scientists from other countries, diagnose the pathogens that cause foreign animal diseases and then conduct research to, among other things, develop vaccines to...
Food Stamp Program: FNS Could Improve Guidance and Monitoring to Help Ensure Appropriate Use of Noncash Categorical Eligibility
GAO-07-465: Published: Mar 28, 2007. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 2007.
In fiscal year 2005, the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Food Stamp Program served over 25 million individuals per month, on average, providing over $28 billion in benefits for the year. To reduce the administrative burden on state agencies, current food stamp regulations allow households that receive or are authorized to receive Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) noncash services t...
Breastfeeding: Some Strategies Used to Market Infant Formula May Discourage Breastfeeding; State Contracts Should Better Protect Against Misuse of WIC Name
GAO-06-282: Published: Feb 8, 2006. Publicly Released: Feb 8, 2006.
Millions of U.S. mothers and infants each year forgo the health benefits of breastfeeding and rely on infant formula. Infants who are breastfed are less likely to develop infectious diseases and chronic health problems, such as diabetes and asthma, while breastfeeding mothers are less likely to develop certain types of cancer. Recognizing the health benefits of breastfeeding for infants and mother...