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Rural Development, Department of Agriculture, Executive (1 - 10 of 15 items)
WIC Program: Improved Oversight of Income Eligibility Determination Needed
GAO-13-290: Published: Feb 28, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 8, 2013.
The discretion granted by federal law, regulations, and guidance in certain areas of income eligibility determination for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) has resulted in policy variation across states and localities. For example, while national survey data show that many states use an applicant's current income to determine income eligibility, GAO'...
School Meal Programs: Changes to Federal Agencies' Procedures Could Reduce Risk of School Children Consuming Recalled Food
GAO-09-649: Published: Aug 20, 2009. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2009.
Over the past few years, several food recalls, such as for beef and peanut products, have affected schools. It is especially important that recalls affecting schools be carried out efficiently and effectively because young children have a higher risk of complications from food-borne illnesses. GAO was asked to determine how federal agencies (1) notified states and schools about food recalls, (2) a...
Meal Counting and Claiming by Food Service Management Companies in the School Meal Programs
GAO-09-156R: Published: Jan 30, 2009. Publicly Released: Jan 30, 2009.
The federal government spends about $10 billion each year to provide meals to over 30 million students through the National School Lunch and Breakfast Programs. However, a 2007 study estimated that of this amount, $860 million (8.6 percent) in school year 2005-2006 was paid improperly because of errors in the number of meals counted and claimed for reimbursement. These programs are administered by...
Plum Island Animal Disease Center: DHS Has Made Significant Progress Implementing Security Recommendations, but Several Recommendations Remain Open
GAO-08-306R: Published: Dec 17, 2007. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2007.
For many years, the Department of Agriculture (USDA) owned and operated the Plum Island Animal Disease Center, located on an island in the Long Island Sound off the coast of New York. Scientists at Plum Island, often with the assistance of scientists from other countries, diagnose the pathogens that cause foreign animal diseases and then conduct research to, among other things, develop vaccines to...
Breastfeeding: Some Strategies Used to Market Infant Formula May Discourage Breastfeeding; State Contracts Should Better Protect Against Misuse of WIC Name
GAO-06-282: Published: Feb 8, 2006. Publicly Released: Feb 8, 2006.
Millions of U.S. mothers and infants each year forgo the health benefits of breastfeeding and rely on infant formula. Infants who are breastfed are less likely to develop infectious diseases and chronic health problems, such as diabetes and asthma, while breastfeeding mothers are less likely to develop certain types of cancer. Recognizing the health benefits of breastfeeding for infants and mother...
Plum Island Animal Disease Center: DHS and USDA Are Successfully Coordinating Current Work, but Long-Term Plans Are Being Assessed
GAO-06-132: Published: Dec 19, 2005. Publicly Released: Dec 19, 2005.
The livestock industry, which contributes over $100 billion annually to the national economy, is vulnerable to foreign animal diseases that, if introduced in the United States, could cause severe economic losses. To protect against such losses, critical research and diagnostic activities are conducted at the Plum Island Animal Disease Center in New York. The Department of Agriculture (USDA) was re...
Food Assistance: Potential to Serve More WIC Infants by Reducing Formula Cost
GAO-03-331: Published: Feb 12, 2003. Publicly Released: Feb 12, 2003.
The Department of Agriculture's Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) provided about $3 billion to state agencies in fiscal year 2001 for food assistance, including infant formula, through its Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC). Most infants receiving formula are given a milk- or soy-based standard formula. To stretch program dollars, each state WIC agency cont...
Food Assistance: School Milk Contract Bid-Rigging
RCED-93-5: Published: Oct 16, 1992. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined bid-rigging on school milk contracts, focusing on: (1) problems with agricultural laws or administration which allowed bid-rigging to occur; and (2) the possible influence of the Capper-Volstead Act on bid-rigging.GAO found that: (1) milk contract bid rigging can be attributed to illegal business practices, but not legal deficiencies; (2) the Justi...
Food Assistance: USDA's Implementation of Legislated Commodity Distribution Reforms
RCED-90-12: Published: Dec 5, 1989. Publicly Released: Dec 5, 1989.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) implementation of legislated commodity distribution reforms at the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), and Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (ASCS).GAO found that: (1) USDA had implemented 25 of 31 legislated reforms by May 1989; (2) USDA attributed delay...
Food Stamp Program: Progress and Problems in Using 75-Percent Funding for Automation
RCED-88-58: Published: Apr 28, 1988. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Food and Nutrition Service's (FNS) Food Stamp Program to determine: (1) what state information retrieval systems FNS had approved for 75-percent funding from fiscal year (FY) 1981 through FY 1986; and (2) whether the approved systems or projects complied with legislative mandates and met general functional...