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Office of Science and Technology Policy, Executive Office of the President, Executive (1 - 7 of 7 items) in Custom Date Range
Ocean Acidification: Federal Response Under Way, but Actions Needed to Understand and Address Potential Impacts
GAO-14-736: Published: Sep 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 14, 2014.
Ocean acidification could have a variety of potentially significant effects on marine species, ecosystems, and coastal communities, according to six summary reports that GAO reviewed. The reports were developed by federal agencies and others and were based on extensive reviews of the scientific literature. The scientific understanding of these effects, however, is still developing, and uncertainty...
Climate Change: A Coordinated Strategy Could Focus Federal Geoengineering Research and Inform Governance Efforts
GAO-10-903: Published: Sep 23, 2010. Publicly Released: Oct 26, 2010.
Policymakers have raised questions about geoengineering--large-scale deliberate interventions in the earth's climate system to diminish climate change or its impacts--and its role in a broader strategy of mitigating and adapting to climate change. Most geoengineering proposals fall into two categories: carbon dioxide removal (CDR), which would remove carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere, and s...
Cyberspace Policy: Executive Branch Is Making Progress Implementing 2009 Policy Review Recommendations, but Sustained Leadership Is Needed
GAO-11-24: Published: Oct 6, 2010. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 2010.
To address pervasive computer-based (cyber) attacks against the United States that posed potentially devastating impacts to systems and operations, the federal government has developed policies and strategies intended to combat these threats. A recent key development was in February 2009, when President Obama initiated a review of the government's overall strategy and supporting activities with th...
Environmental Satellites: Strategy Needed to Sustain Critical Climate and Space Weather Measurements
GAO-10-456: Published: Apr 27, 2010. Publicly Released: May 27, 2010.
Environmental satellites provide data on the earth and its space environment that are used for forecasting the weather, measuring variations in climate over time, and predicting space weather. In planning for the next generation of these satellites, federal agencies originally sought to fulfill weather, climate, and space weather requirements. However, in 2006, federal agencies restructured two ke...
Status Report: "National Materials and Minerals Policy, Research and Development Act of 1980"
EMD-81-124: Published: Jul 27, 1981. Publicly Released: Jul 27, 1981.
GAO has been monitoring implementation of the National Materials and Minerals Policy, Research and Development Act.The executive branch implementation is evolving fairly rapidly and is, therefore, subject to change with respect to both substantive responses being developed and processes being followed. The Executive Office of the President is developing responses required by the Act primarily thro...
Science and Engineering Manpower Forecasting: Its Use in Policymaking
PSAD-79-75: Published: Jun 27, 1979. Publicly Released: Jun 27, 1979.
Congress declared the manpower pool of scientists, engineers, and technicians an invaluable national resource to be as fully utilized as possible. The federal government influences the supply and utilization of scientists and engineers through actions such as grants, contracts, federal employment, and government policies and regulations affecting the national economy.Government programs and polici...
National Materials Research and Development Capability
105050: Mar 1, 1978
Recommendations included in a 1975 report were designed to improve the Federal Government's ability to formulate effective national materials policy by improving the adequacy of information on materials R&D in the public and private sectors. A followup review indicated that virtually no corrective action was taken since the 1975 report. There are still no stated national materials policy goals or...