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Executive Office of the President, Executive (1 - 10 of 163 items)
Certificated Expenditures: Executive Office of the President Fiscal Year 2015 Certificated Expenditures Were Spent for Authorized Purposes
GAO-17-116R: Published: Nov 17, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
For fiscal year 2015, the President of the United States under 3 U.S.C. 105(d)(1), (3), and (5) certificated $14,103,046 of expenditures, and the Vice President of the United States under 3 U.S.C. 106(b)(2) and (3) certificated $76,807 of expenditures. These amounts were reflected in the underlying accounting records and attested to by the Chief Financial Officer of the Executive Office of the Pre...
Climate Change: Selected Governments Have Approached Adaptation through Laws and Long-Term Plans
GAO-16-454: Published: May 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 13, 2016.
Selected governments have approached enhancing resilience through climate change adaptation, and some have aligned adaptation with broader resilience efforts (see figure). All five selected governments have enacted laws and developed long-term plans as a part of their approaches to climate change adaptation. These plans established frameworks for addressing climate risks. For example, the European...
Climate Information: A National System Could Help Federal, State, Local, and Private Sector Decision Makers Use Climate Information
GAO-16-37: Published: Nov 23, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 8, 2015.
Many federal efforts are under way, but the climate information needs of federal, state, local, and private sector decision makers are not being fully met, according to recent GAO reports, National Academies and other studies, and interviews with stakeholders. The November 2013 Executive Order 13653 on Preparing the United States for the Impacts of Climate Change calls on certain federal agencies...
Ocean Acidification: Federal Response Under Way, but Actions Needed to Understand and Address Potential Impacts
GAO-14-736: Published: Sep 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 14, 2014.
Ocean acidification could have a variety of potentially significant effects on marine species, ecosystems, and coastal communities, according to six summary reports that GAO reviewed. The reports were developed by federal agencies and others and were based on extensive reviews of the scientific literature. The scientific understanding of these effects, however, is still developing, and uncertainty...
Budget Issues: Opportunities to Reduce Federal Fiscal Exposures Through Greater Resilience to Climate Change and Extreme Weather
GAO-14-504T: Published: Jul 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2014.
Climate change and related extreme weather impacts on infrastructure and federal lands increase fiscal exposures that the federal budget does not fully reflect. Investing in resilience—actions to reduce potential future losses rather than waiting for an event to occur and paying for recovery afterward—can reduce the potential impacts of climate-related events. Implementing resilience measures...
National Environmental Policy Act: Little Information Exists on NEPA Analyses
GAO-14-369: Published: Apr 15, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 2014.
Governmentwide data on the number and type of most National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) analyses are not readily available, as data collection efforts vary by agency. NEPA generally requires federal agencies to evaluate the potential environmental effects of actions they propose to carry out, fund, or approve (e.g., by permit) by preparing analyses of different comprehensiveness depending on t...
Climate Change: Future Federal Adaptation Efforts Could Better Support Local Infrastructure Decision Makers
GAO-13-242: Published: Apr 12, 2013. Publicly Released: May 14, 2013.
According to the National Research Council (NRC) and others, infrastructure such as roads and bridges, wastewater systems, and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) centers are vulnerable to changes in the climate. Changes in precipitation and sea levels, as well as increased intensity and frequency of extreme events, are projected by NRC and others to impact infrastructure in a var...
Characteristics of Presidential Appointments that do not Require Senate Confirmation
GAO-13-299R: Published: Mar 1, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 1, 2013.
In summary, GAO found the following:There are 321 PA positions governmentwide, which fall into three general groups-- 67 percent of PA positions exist within commissions, councils, committees, boards or foundations; another 29 percent of PA positions are within the Executive Office of the President (EOP); and the remaining 4 percent are within other federal departments or agencies. Within each of...
Managing for Results: Key Considerations for Implementing Interagency Collaborative Mechanisms
GAO-12-1022: Published: Sep 27, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 2012.
Federal agencies have used a variety of mechanisms to implement interagency collaborative efforts, such as the President appointing a coordinator, agencies co-locating within one facility, or establishing interagency task forces. These mechanisms can be used to address a range of purposes including policy development; program implementation; oversight and monitoring; information sharing and commun...
Climate Change: A Coordinated Strategy Could Focus Federal Geoengineering Research and Inform Governance Efforts
GAO-10-903: Published: Sep 23, 2010. Publicly Released: Oct 26, 2010.
Policymakers have raised questions about geoengineering--large-scale deliberate interventions in the earth's climate system to diminish climate change or its impacts--and its role in a broader strategy of mitigating and adapting to climate change. Most geoengineering proposals fall into two categories: carbon dioxide removal (CDR), which would remove carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere, and s...