Department of Justice, Executive (31 - 40 of 269 items)
Financial Literacy: A Federal Certification Process for Providers Would Pose Challenges
GAO-11-614: Published: Jun 28, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 2011.
Financial literacy plays an important role in helping ensure the financial health and stability of individuals and families, and efforts to improve consumers' financial literacy have grown in recent years. Currently, hundreds of nonprofit, private, and governmental entities provide some form of financial education to Americans. The federal government does not certify or approve organizations in ge...
Criminal Alien Statistics: Information on Incarcerations, Arrests, and Costs
GAO-11-187: Published: Mar 24, 2011. Publicly Released: Apr 21, 2011.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) estimated that as of fiscal year 2009 the total alien--non-U.S.-citizen--population was about 25.3 million, including about 10.8 million aliens without lawful immigration status. Some aliens have been convicted and incarcerated (criminal aliens). The federal government bears these incarceration costs for federal prisons and reimburses states and localities...
Maritime Security: Federal Agencies Have Taken Actions to Address Risks Posed by Seafarers, but Efforts Can Be Strengthened
GAO-11-195: Published: Jan 14, 2011. Publicly Released: Jan 14, 2011.
The State Department and two components of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and the Coast Guard, are responsible for preventing illegal immigration at U.S. seaports and identifying individuals who are potential security risks. The International Labor Organization (ILO) adopted the Seafarers' Identity Documents Convention (ILO 185) to establish an inter...
K-12 Education: Selected Cases of Public and Private Schools That Hired or Retained Individuals with Histories of Sexual Misconduct
GAO-11-200: Published: Dec 8, 2010. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 2010.
Prior GAO testimonies have described cases of physical abuse of children at youth residential treatment programs and public and private schools. However, children are also vulnerable to sexual abuse. A 2004 Department of Education report estimated that millions of students are subjected to sexual misconduct by a school employee at some time between kindergarten and the twelfth grade (K-12). GAO wa...
H-2B Visa Program: Closed Civil Criminal Cases Illustrate Instances of H-2B Workers Being Targets of Fraud and Abuse
GAO-10-1053: Published: Sep 30, 2010. Publicly Released: Nov 1, 2010.
The H-2B visa program assists U.S. employers anticipating a shortage of domestic nonagricultural workers by permitting them to hire nonimmigrant foreign workers temporarily. The program is overseen by several agencies, including the Department of Labor (Labor), the Department of Homeland Security's United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), and the Department of State. Employers o...
Financial Management Systems: Experience with Prior Migration and Modernization Efforts Provides Lessons Learned for New Approach
GAO-10-808: Published: Sep 8, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2010.
In 2004, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) launched the financial management line of business (FMLOB) initiative, in part, to reduce the cost and improve the quality and performance of federal financial management systems by leveraging shared services available from external providers. In response to a request to study FMLOB-related issues, this report (1) identifies the steps agencies hav...
Passport Issuance: Current Situation Results in Thousands of Passports Issued to Registered Sex Offenders
GAO-10-643: Published: Jun 15, 2010. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2010.
A U.S. passport allows the owner to travel freely both in and out of the country. Although passport recipients typically travel internationally for business or leisure, some passport recipients are using their passports to commit nefarious illegal activities outside this country. Specifically, the Department of Justice (DOJ) has documented cases of U.S. passport holders engaging in sex acts with c...
Export Controls: Observations on Selected Countries' Systems and Proposed Treaties
GAO-10-557: Published: May 27, 2010. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 2010.
The U.S. government annually controls billions of dollars worth of U.S. arms and dual-use items exported to its allies and partners through a system of laws, regulations, and processes. Weaknesses in this system led GAO in 2007 to include export controls as part of a high-risk area and called for a reexamination, including evaluating alternative approaches. Increasing international collaboration o...
Humanitarian Assistance: Status of North Korean Refugee Resettlement and Asylum in the United States
GAO-10-691: Published: Jun 24, 2010. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 2010.
Famine killed hundreds of thousands of North Koreans in the 1990s and compelled a large number of others to leave in search of food, economic opportunities, and escape from a repressive regime. This migration continues. Some North Koreans seek resettlement in other countries, such as South Korea and the United States. To promote a more durable humanitarian solution to the plight of North Korean re...
High Speed Rail: Learning From Service Start-ups, Prospects for Increased Industry Investment, and Federal Oversight Plans
GAO-10-625: Published: Jun 17, 2010. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2010.
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Recovery Act) and subsequent appropriations have dramatically increased federal funds available for high speed intercity passenger rail from $120 million in fiscal year 2008 and fiscal year 2009 combined to $10.5 billion available in fiscal year 2010. Other issues, such as developing industry capacity to supply rail equipment and fostering multiyear publ...