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Department of Justice, Executive (1 - 10 of 66 items)
Federal Prison System: Justice Has Used Alternatives to Incarceration, But Could Better Measure Program Outcomes
GAO-16-516: Published: Jun 23, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2016.
Department of Justice (DOJ) and federal judiciary officials reported considering numerous factors when using alternatives to incarceration at or before an offender's sentencing, but DOJ does not reliably track the use of some alternatives. A variety of alternatives can be used for offenders at or before sentencing, such as referral to state and local prosecutors, pretrial release, and probation. O...
Federal Prison System: Justice Could Better Measure Progress Addressing Incarceration Challenges
GAO-15-454: Published: Jun 19, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 19, 2015.
The Department of Justice (DOJ) has implemented three key initiatives to address the federal incarceration challenges of overcrowding, rising costs, and offender recidivism, which includes the return of offenders to prison after release. The Smart on Crime Initiative involves multiple DOJ components and has five key goals, one of which involves prioritizing the prosecution of the most serious case...
Mental Health: HHS Leadership Needed to Coordinate Federal Efforts Related to Serious Mental Illness
GAO-15-113: Published: Dec 18, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 5, 2015.
Agencies identified 112 federal programs that generally supported individuals with serious mental illness in fiscal year 2013. The majority of these programs addressed broad issues, such as homelessness, that can include individuals with serious mental illness. The programs were spread across eight federal agencies: Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Education, Department of Health and Hum...
Bureau of Prisons: Management of New Prison Activations Can Be Improved
GAO-14-709: Published: Aug 22, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2014.
The Department of Justice's (DOJ) Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is behind schedule activating all six new institutions—the process by which it prepares them for inmates—and does not have a policy to guide activation or an activation schedule that reflects best practices. BOP is behind schedule, in part, because of challenges, such as staffing, posed by the locations of the activating institu...
Bureau of Prisons: Opportunities Exist to Enhance the Transparency of Annual Budget Justifications
GAO-14-121: Published: Dec 6, 2013. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 2013.
The largest account in the Department of Justice's (DOJ) Bureau of Prisons (BOP) budget justification--its Salaries and Expenses (S&E) account-- is composed mainly of costs associated with Inmate Care and Programs and Institution Security and Administration, both of which have grown steadily since 2008. This growth is due predominantly to increases in prison populations, which are the primary cost...
Budget Issues: Effects of Budget Uncertainty from Continuing Resolutions on Agency Operations
GAO-13-464T: Published: Mar 13, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 13, 2013.
Because CRs only provide funding until agreement is reached on final appropriations, they create uncertainty for agencies about both when they will receive their final appropriation and what level of funding ultimately will be available. Effects of CRs on federal agencies differ based in part on the duration and number of CRs and may vary by agency and program. CRs include provisions that prohibit...
Guantanamo Bay Detainees: Facilities and Factors for Consideration If Detainees Were Brought to the United States
GAO-13-31: Published: Nov 14, 2012. Publicly Released: Nov 29, 2012.
As of November 2012, the Department of Defense (DOD) held 166 detainees in five separate facilities in conditions ranging from communal living to maximumsecurity segregated cells that limit detainee interaction. In addition, DOD maintains facilities and infrastructure dedicated to detention support operations. For example, DOD operates an extensive information-technology infrastructure, conducts o...
Bureau of Prisons: Improved Evaluations and Increased Coordination Could Improve Cell Phone Detection
GAO-11-893: Published: Sep 6, 2011. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 2011.
The rates Bureau of Prisons (BOP) inmates pay to make phone calls generate revenue that funds inmate wages and other amenities; however, inmates' contraband cell phone use is growing. The Cell Phone Contraband Act of 2010 criminalized cell phone possession in federal prisons and mandated that GAO study related issues. In response to the mandate, this report addresses (1) how telephone rates for BO...
Criminal Alien Statistics: Information on Incarcerations, Arrests, and Costs
GAO-11-187: Published: Mar 24, 2011. Publicly Released: Apr 21, 2011.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) estimated that as of fiscal year 2009 the total alien--non-U.S.-citizen--population was about 25.3 million, including about 10.8 million aliens without lawful immigration status. Some aliens have been convicted and incarcerated (criminal aliens). The federal government bears these incarceration costs for federal prisons and reimburses states and localities...
Bureau of Prisons: Methods for Cost Estimation Largely Reflect Best Practices, but Quantifying Risks Would Enhance Decision Making
GAO-10-94: Published: Nov 10, 2009. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 2009.
The Department of Justice's (DOJ) Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is responsible for the custody and care of about 209,000 federal inmates--a population which has grown by 44 percent over the last decade. In fiscal years 2008 and 2009, the President requested additional funding for BOP because costs for key operations were at risk of exceeding appropriated funding levels. Government Accountability...