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Department of Agriculture, Executive (21 - 30 of 40 items)
Breastfeeding: Some Strategies Used to Market Infant Formula May Discourage Breastfeeding; State Contracts Should Better Protect Against Misuse of WIC Name
GAO-06-282: Published: Feb 8, 2006. Publicly Released: Feb 8, 2006.
Millions of U.S. mothers and infants each year forgo the health benefits of breastfeeding and rely on infant formula. Infants who are breastfed are less likely to develop infectious diseases and chronic health problems, such as diabetes and asthma, while breastfeeding mothers are less likely to develop certain types of cancer. Recognizing the health benefits of breastfeeding for infants and mother...
Homeland Security: Much Is Being Done to Protect Agriculture from a Terrorist Attack, but Important Challenges Remain
GAO-05-214: Published: Mar 8, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 8, 2005.
U.S. agriculture generates more than $1 trillion per year in economic activity and provides an abundant food supply for Americans and others. Since the September 11, 2001, attacks, there are new concerns about the vulnerability of U.S. agriculture to the deliberate introduction of animal and plant diseases (agroterrorism). Several agencies, including the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the...
Emerging Infectious Diseases: Review of State and Federal Disease Surveillance Efforts
GAO-04-877: Published: Sep 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Nov 1, 2004.
The threat posed by infectious diseases has grown. New diseases, unknown in the United States just a decade ago, such as West Nile virus and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), have emerged. To detect cases of infectious diseases, especially before they develop into widespread outbreaks, local, state, and federal public health officials as well as international organizations conduct disease...
Best Practices: Using Spend Analysis to Help Agencies Take a More Strategic Approach to Procurement
GAO-04-870: Published: Sep 16, 2004. Publicly Released: Sep 16, 2004.
"Spend analysis" is a tool that provides knowledge about who are the buyers, who are the suppliers, how much is being spent for what goods and services, and where are the opportunities to leverage buying power. Private sector companies are using spend analysis as a foundation for employing a strategic approach to procurement. Recognizing the potential in government purchasing, GAO examined if the...
Antibiotic Resistance: Federal Agencies Need to Better Focus Efforts to Address Risk to Humans from Antibiotic Use in Animals
GAO-04-490: Published: Apr 22, 2004. Publicly Released: May 24, 2004.
Antibiotic resistance is a growing public health concern; antibiotics used in animals raised for human consumption contributes to this problem. Three federal agencies address this issue--the Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the Department of Agriculture (USDA). GAO examined (1) scientific evi...
Food Safety: The Agricultural Use of Antibiotics and Its Implications for Human Health
RCED-99-74: Published: Apr 28, 1999. Publicly Released: May 3, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on antibiotic resistance issues that may stem from the use of antibiotics in agriculture, focusing on the: (1) use of antibiotics in agriculture and the implications of that use for human health; (2) federal roles and responsibilities for overseeing the use of antibiotics in agriculture; and (3) issues surrounding the debate over whethe...
Low-Income Medicare Beneficiaries: Further Outreach and Administrative Simplification Could Increase Enrollment
HEHS-99-61: Published: Apr 9, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 16, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the level of enrollment in the Qualified Medicare Beneficiary (QMB) program and the Specified Low-Income Medicare Beneficiary (SLMB) program, focusing on: (1) the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of: (a) Medicare beneficiaries who enroll as a QMB or SLMB; and (b) Medicare beneficiaries who qualify for QMB or SLMB but do...
Welfare Reform: Many States Continue Some Federal or State Benefits for Immigrants
HEHS-98-132: Published: Jul 31, 1998. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed Title IV of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 and the impact its restrictions would have on immigrant children and their families, focusing on: (1) the options states chose regarding Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and Medicaid benefits for immigrants and state-funded assistance available to...
Benefit Fraud With Post Office Boxes
HEHS-97-54R: Published: Feb 21, 1997. Publicly Released: Feb 21, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on: (1) efforts to prevent and detect the fraudulent receipt of government benefits by noncitizen nonresidents in Mexican border towns; and (2) the extent to which government agencies have detected this type of fraud in the Aid to Families With Dependent Children (AFDC), Supplemental Security Income (SSI), and Food Stamp programs. GAO d...
Food Stamp Program: Achieving Cost Neutrality in Minnesota's Family Investment Program
RCED-96-54: Published: Feb 12, 1996. Publicly Released: Feb 12, 1996.
GAO examined the methodologies that Minnesota used for estimating the costs that would have been incurred if it had not implemented the Minnesota Family Investment Program (MFIP), focusing on whether: (1) Minnesota implemented the agreed-upon methodologies; (2) Minnesota reasonably estimated fiscal year (FY) 1994 Food Stamp Program costs; and (3) the Department of Agriculture (USDA) paid Minnesota...