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Department of Health and Human Services, Executive (111 - 120 of 1,323 items)
World Trade Center Health Program: Approach Used to Add Cancers to List of Covered Conditions Was Reasonable, but Could Be Improved
GAO-14-606: Published: Jul 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Aug 22, 2014.
The Administrator of the World Trade Center Health Program (WTCHP)—a program of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)—used a hazard-based, multiple-method approach to determine whether to add cancers to the WTCHP list of covered conditions for which treatment may be provided at no cost to an enrollee. Experts who participated in a meeting held by GAO indicated that the Administrato...
Special Education: Additional Federal Actions Could Help Address Unique Challenges of Educating Children in Nursing Homes
GAO-14-585: Published: Jul 16, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2014.
Children in nursing homes represent a relatively small group of children whose medically complex conditions often present unique educational challenges. Of the nearly 5,000 school-age children in nursing homes nationwide, about 40 percent needed a feeding tube for nutrition and one-third needed oxygen therapy to help them breathe, according to GAO's analysis of 2012 data—the most recent data ava...
Private Health Insurance: Early Effects of Medical Loss Ratio Requirements and Rebates on Insurers and Enrollees
GAO-14-580: Published: Jul 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 10, 2014.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) established federal minimum medical loss ratio (MLR) standards for the percentage of premiums private insurers must spend on their enrollees' medical care claims and activities to improve health care quality, as opposed to what they spend on administrative (“non-claims”) costs. Insurers report to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Service...
Improper Payments: Government-Wide Estimates and Reduction Strategies
GAO-14-737T: Published: Jul 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 2014.
Federal agencies reported an estimated $105.8 billion in improper payments in fiscal year 2013, a decrease from the prior year revised estimate of $107.1 billion. The fiscal year 2013 estimate was attributable to 84 programs spread among 18 agencies. The specific programs included in the government-wide estimate may change from year to year. For example, with Office of Management and Budget (OMB)...
Prescription Drugs: Comparison of DOD, Medicaid, and Medicare Part D Retail Reimbursement Prices
GAO-14-578: Published: Jun 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 30, 2014.
GAO found that Medicaid paid the lowest average net prices across a sample of 78 high-utilization and high-expenditure brand-name and generic drugs when compared to prices paid by the Department of Defense (DOD) and Medicare Part D. Specifically, Medicaid's average net price for the entire sample was $0.62 per unit, while Medicare Part D paid an estimated 32 percent more ($0.82 per unit) and DOD p...
Private Health Insurance: The Range of Average Annual Premiums in the Small Group Market by State in Early 2013
GAO-14-524R: Published: May 28, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 2014.
GAO reported the range of average premiums for health insurance products sold to small employers in the small group market of each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia during the first quarter of 2013. The average premiums reflected information from data submitted by insurers to the Center for Consumer Information and Insurance Oversight (CCIIO) within the Department of Health and Human S...
Medicaid: Financial Characteristics of Approved Applicants and Methods Used to Reduce Assets to Qualify for Nursing Home Coverage
GAO-14-473: Published: May 22, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2014.
GAO's review of 294 approved Medicaid nursing home applications in three states showed that 41 percent of applicants had total resources—both countable and not countable as part of financial eligibility determination—of $2,500 or less and 14 percent had over $100,000 in total resources.Distribution of Approved Applicants in Selected Counties in Three States by Amount of Total Resources (n=294)...
Medicaid Program Integrity: Increased Oversight Needed to Ensure Integrity of Growing Managed Care Expenditures
GAO-14-341: Published: May 19, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 2014.
GAO identified a gap in state and federal efforts to ensure Medicaid managed care program integrity. Federal laws require the states and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) to ensure the integrity of the Medicaid program, including payments under Medicaid managed care, which are growing at a faster rate than payments under fee-for-service (FFS). However, five state program integrity...
Medicare Physical Therapy: Self-Referring Providers Generally Referred More Beneficiaries but Fewer Services per Beneficiary
GAO-14-270: Published: Apr 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 2014.
From 2004 to 2010, non-self-referred physical therapy (PT) services increased at a faster rate than self-referred PT services. During this period, the number of self-referred PT services per 1,000 Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries was generally flat, while non-self-referred PT services grew by about 41 percent. Similarly, the growth rate in expenditures associated with non-self-referred PT se...
Foster Care: HHS Needs to Improve Oversight of Fostering Connections Act Implementation
GAO-14-347: Published: May 29, 2014. Publicly Released: May 29, 2014.
To implement the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008 (Fostering Connections Act), many states GAO surveyed (which included the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico) reported requiring caseworkers to employ multiple practices to improve outcomes for children in foster care; however, states continue to face challenges that can undermine progress. Among the practices...