Department of State, Executive (11 - 20 of 31 items)
Defense Trade: Issues Concerning the Use of Offsets in International Defense Sales
GAO-04-954T: Published: Jul 8, 2004. Publicly Released: Jul 8, 2004.
Views on defense offsets range from beliefs that they are both positive and an unavoidable part of doing business overseas to beliefs that they negatively affect the U.S. industrial base. Defense offsets are often viewed as the key to foreign sales and thus increased business on the prime contractor level. They can also result in reduced unit costs to the U.S. military because of the increased siz...
Justice Outcome Evaluations: Design and Implementation of Studies Require More NIJ Attention
GAO-03-1091: Published: Sep 24, 2003. Publicly Released: Oct 8, 2003.
Policy makers need valid, reliable, and timely information on the outcomes of criminal justice programs to help them decide how to set criminal justice funding priorities. In view of previously reported problems with selected outcome evaluations managed by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), GAO assessed the methodological quality of a sample of completed and ongoing NIJ outcome evaluation gr...
Export Controls: Department of Commerce Controls over Transfers of Technology to Foreign Nationals Need Improvement
GAO-02-972: Published: Sep 6, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 2002.
To protect its national security and foreign policy interests, the United States controls exports of civilian technologies that have military uses. U.S. firms may be required to obtain a license from the Department of Commerce before exporting these "dual-use" technologies from the United States to many other countries, including countries of concern. Since Commerce regulations also deem domestic...
Export Controls: Issues to Consider in Authorizing a New Export Administration Act
GAO-02-468T: Published: Feb 28, 2002. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2002.
Two bills before Congress would introduce a new legal basis for controls over exports of dual use goods and services. In GAO's view, a new export administration act will need to balance stakeholder interests, assess the national security risks presented by end users, and balance the needs of exporters with foreign policy and national security interests. Both bills seek to balance these interests b...
Export Controls: Clarification of Jurisdiction for Missile Technology Items Needed
GAO-02-120: Published: Oct 9, 2001. Publicly Released: Nov 8, 2001.
The U.S. government has long been concerned about the growing threat posed by the proliferation of missiles and related technologies that can deliver weapons of mass destruction. The United States is working with other countries through the Missile Technology Control Regime to control the export of missile-related items. The Departments of Commerce and State share primary responsibility for contro...
Defense Trade: Data Collection and Coordination on Offsets
GAO-01-83R: Published: Oct 26, 2000. Publicly Released: Oct 26, 2000.
Defense offsets are the full range of industrial and commercial benefits that firms give to foreign governments as conditions for the purchase of military goods and services. They have gained attention because of the potential impact they may have on the economy and national security. In 1984 and 1999, data collection and reporting requirements were levied by Congress to obtain information on the...
Defense Trade: European Initiatives to Integrate the Defense Market
NSIAD-98-6: Published: Oct 29, 1997. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 1997.
GAO reviewed the changes that have taken place in the European defense market over the past 5 years, focusing on: (1) what actions European governments and industry have taken to unify the European defense market; (2) how key European countries' defense procurement practices have affected U.S. defense companies' ability to compete on major weapons competitions in Europe; and (3) how the U.S. gover...
U.S. Information Agency: Options for Addressing Possible Budget Reductions
NSIAD-96-179: Published: Sep 23, 1996. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the U.S. Information Agency's (USIA) reform and cost-cutting efforts and options that could enable USIA to adjust to reduced budgets.GAO found that: (1) USIA believes that reaching out to foreign publics and telling America's story remains critical to U.S. foreign policy goals, and agency officials believe that further significant reductions could...
Government Shutdown: Funding Lapse Furlough Information
GGD-96-52R: Published: Dec 1, 1995. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the number of federal employees subject to furlough due to the funding lapse in fiscal year (FY) 1996 appropriations authority. GAO noted that: (1) as of November 30, 1995, seven of the 13 appropriations bills have been enacted; (2) several agencies' contingency plans do not contain sufficient furlough information; (3) 36.2 percent o...
Government Reorganization: Observations About Creating a U.S. Trade Administration
T-GGD-95-234: Published: Sep 6, 1995. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 1995.
GAO discussed proposed legislation to create a U.S. Trade Administration (USTA) by merging the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) with several Department of Commerce offices and the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. GAO noted that: (1) creating a trade administration that lacks cabinet-level department status could lead to the perception that the new agency does not have the status of...