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Department of Commerce, Executive (61 - 70 of 418 items)
U.S.-China Trade: Opportunities to Improve U.S. Government Efforts to Ensure China's Compliance with World Trade Organization Commitments
GAO-05-53: Published: Oct 6, 2004. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 2004.
China's 2001 accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) required China to reform its economy and trade practices. As part of ongoing work, GAO reviewed how the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) and the Departments of Commerce, Agriculture, and State pursued China's WTO compliance in 2003. Specifically, this report (1) discusses the scope and disposition of China's compliance problems, (2) revi...
Interdepartment Radio Advisory Committee: IRAC Representatives Effectively Coordinate Federal Spectrum but Lack Seniority to Advise on Contentious Policy Issues
GAO-04-1028: Published: Sep 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2004.
The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) within the Department of Commerce manages the federal government's use of the radio frequency spectrum with coordination and policy input from the Interdepartment Radio Advisory Committee (IRAC), comprised of 20 federal agencies that use spectrum. In recent years, the use of spectrum in wireless applications has expanded dramati...
International Trade: Current Government Data Provide Limited Insight into Offshoring of Services
GAO-04-932: Published: Sep 22, 2004. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2004.
Much attention has focused on the topic of "offshoring" of information technology (IT) and other services to lower-wage locations abroad. "Offshoring" of services generally refers to an organization's purchase from other countries of services that it previously produced or purchased domestically, such as software programming or telephone call centers. GAO was asked to (1) describe the nature of of...
Defense Trade: Issues Concerning the Use of Offsets in International Defense Sales
GAO-04-954T: Published: Jul 8, 2004. Publicly Released: Jul 8, 2004.
Views on defense offsets range from beliefs that they are both positive and an unavoidable part of doing business overseas to beliefs that they negatively affect the U.S. industrial base. Defense offsets are often viewed as the key to foreign sales and thus increased business on the prime contractor level. They can also result in reduced unit costs to the U.S. military because of the increased siz...
Human Capital: Implementing Pay for Performance at Selected Personnel Demonstration Projects
GAO-04-83: Published: Jan 23, 2004. Publicly Released: Feb 25, 2004.
There is a growing understanding that the federal government needs to fundamentally rethink its current approach to pay and to better link pay to individual and organizational performance. Federal agencies have been experimenting with pay for performance through the Office of Personnel Management's (OPM) personnel demonstration projects. GAO identified the approaches that selected personnel demons...
Export Controls: Post-Shipment Verification Provides Limited Assurance That Dual-Use Items Are Being Properly Used
GAO-04-357: Published: Jan 12, 2004. Publicly Released: Feb 11, 2004.
The United States controls certain dual-use technologies that could be used to enhance the military capabilities of countries of concern. The Department of Commerce (Commerce) conducts post-shipment verification (PSV) checks to ensure that these technologies arrive at their intended destination and are used for the purposes stated in the export license. GAO was asked to (1) assess the number of du...
Justice Outcome Evaluations: Design and Implementation of Studies Require More NIJ Attention
GAO-03-1091: Published: Sep 24, 2003. Publicly Released: Oct 8, 2003.
Policy makers need valid, reliable, and timely information on the outcomes of criminal justice programs to help them decide how to set criminal justice funding priorities. In view of previously reported problems with selected outcome evaluations managed by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), GAO assessed the methodological quality of a sample of completed and ongoing NIJ outcome evaluation gr...
Medicaid Formula: Differences in Funding Ability among States Often Are Widened
GAO-03-620: Published: Jul 10, 2003. Publicly Released: Aug 11, 2003.
A primary goal in establishing Medicaid's statutory formula, whereby states with lower per capita incomes (PCI) receive higher rates of federal reimbursement for program costs, was to narrow differences among states in their ability to fund Medicaid services. States' ability to fund services depends on their financial resources in relation to their number of and costs to serve people in poverty. G...
Propane: Causes of Price Volatility, Potential Consumer Options, and Opportunities to Improve Consumer Information and Federal Oversight
GAO-03-762: Published: Jun 27, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2003.
More than 4.6 million residential households in the U.S., many with low incomes, rely on propane to heat their homes. Unfortunately, propane prices have been subject to major price spikes in two of the last three winters. Responding to congressional concern caused by these price spikes, GAO undertook a study to address the (1) factors that affect residential propane price volatility, (2) options a...
Intellectual Property: Federal Agency Efforts in Transferring and Reporting New Technology
GAO-03-47: Published: Oct 31, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2002.
The federal government is a primary sponsor of research conducted in the United States, expending during fiscal year 2001 $19.4 billion for research performed by federal employees and $62.2 billion for research conducted under contracts and grants. Some of this research leads to the development of technology that can be patented, licensed, and made available to the public through the introduction...