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Other, Independent Agencies (71 - 79 of 79 items)
The Council on Environmental Quality: A Tool in Shaping National Policy
CED-81-66: Published: Mar 19, 1981. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 1981.
Since its inception, the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) has been influential in shaping the nation's approach to protecting and preserving the environment. CEQ serves as an environmental adviser to the President and to Congress and has broached such issues as solar energy, land use, toxic substances, and endangered species. It has been instrumental in effecting the passage of major environ...
Hazardous Waste Disposal Methods: Major Problems With Their Use
CED-81-21: Published: Nov 19, 1980. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 1980.
GAO was asked to study alternative methods of disposal and cleanup of hazardous wastes. Specifically, the study looked into the: (1) environmental and cost effectiveness of hazardous waste disposal on the land, deep well injection, and high temperature incineration and the need for additional research and development in these areas; (2) establishment of facilities on a regional or areawide basis a...
Indoor Air Pollution: An Emerging Health Problem
CED-80-111: Published: Sep 24, 1980. Publicly Released: Sep 24, 1980.
While Government and industry have concentrated on cleaning up the Nation's outdoor air, they have paid little attention to the quality of indoor air in the nonworkplace. Harmful pollutants have been found in various indoor environments in greater concentrations than the surrounding outdoor air. In some cases, indoor pollution exceeds the national standards set for exposure outdoors. Harmful pollu...
The Office of Science and Technology Policy: Adaptation to a President's Operating Style May Conflict With Congressionally Mandated Assignments
PAD-80-79: Published: Sep 3, 1980. Publicly Released: Sep 3, 1980.
GAO studied the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) to examine the extent to which OSTP studied the 13 issues on federal organization and management of science and technology policy, and to determine the extent of OSTP involvement in strategic planning for science and technology. Top OSTP officials believe that the broad legislative mandate for OSTP cannot be fully met under present con...
Large Construction Projects To Correct Combined Sewer Overflows Are Too Costly
CED-80-40: Published: Dec 28, 1979. Publicly Released: Dec 28, 1979.
In many U.S. cities, stormwater and waste flow through the same systems. Overflows of these combined sewers from heavy rains allow pollutants to enter waterways, streets, and basements. The Environmental Protection Agency estimated that almost $26 billion was needed to fund the pollution control portion of any project that might undertake to separate the Nation's combined sewers. A report focused...
Codisposal of Garbage and Sewage Sludge--A Promising Solution to Two Problems
CED-79-59: Published: May 16, 1979. Publicly Released: May 16, 1979.
The process of using thermal techniques in the codisposal of sewage sludge and municipal garbage was examined in order to determine why the implementation of codisposal has been limited. Codisposal is the integrated processing of garbage and sewage sludge through burning in which garbage is used as a fuel in sludge drying. The volume of both wastes requiring ultimate disposal is greatly reduced. T...
Wastewater Treatment: What Does It Cost the Homeowner?
CED-79-35: Published: Feb 13, 1979. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 1979.
The impact the high cost of constructing waste treatment projects is having on individual users expressed on a per household basis is addressed. It is expensive to construct, finance, operate, and maintain a conventional wastewater treatment system. As the costs of such systems increase in absolute terms, so do the homeowner's costs.The impact of these costs is not easily measured since there is n...
Secondary Treatment of Municipal Wastewater in the St. Louis Area: Minimal Impact Expected
CED-78-76: Published: May 12, 1978. Publicly Released: May 12, 1978.
The objective of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972 was to restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the nation's waters. Publicly-owned treatment works were required to provide secondary treatment by July 1, l977, and to use the best practicable technology by 1983. To assist publicly owned treatment works in providing secondary treatment, the...